The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in December 2006 is a landmark treaty by the United Nations and the global communities to include the disabled as an integral part of societies. Many nations have joined the treaty and the US participation is necessary. According to the latest statistics, there are approximately 1 in 10 or 700 million people with disabilities in the world. Ratification of the treaty is critical and urgent for continuing progress on civil rights, human rights, dignity, and well being in this nation as well as for bolstering global efforts.
In order to strengthen this treaty, an optional protocol was introduced by UN:
“The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is a side-agreement to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. It was adopted on 13 December 2006, and entered into force at the same time as its parent Convention on 3 May 2008. As of July 2011, it has 90 signatories and 62 parties.
The Optional Protocol establishes an individual complaints mechanism for the Convention similar to those of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Parties agree to recognise the competence of the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities to consider complaints from individuals or groups who claim their rights under the Convention have been violated. The Committee can request information from and make recommendations to a party.
In addition, parties may permit the Committee to investigate, report on and make recommendations on "grave or systematic violations" of the Convention. Parties may opt out of this obligation on signature or ratification“ … exerted from Wikipedia.
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