“The First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is an international treaty establishing an individual complaint mechanism for the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). It was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 16 December 1966, and entered into force on 23 March 1976. As of May 2011, it had 113 states parties and a further 35 signatories
The Optional Protocol establishes an individual complaints mechanism for the ICCPR similar to those of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Article 14 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Parties agree to recognize the competence of the UN Human Rights Committee to consider complaints from individuals or groups who claim their rights under the Covenant have been violated. Complainants must have exhausted all domestic remedies, and anonymous complaints are not permitted. The Committee must bring complaints to the attention of the relevant party, which must respond within six months. Following consideration, the Committee must forward its conclusions to the party and the complainant.
While not expressly provided for in the Protocol, the HRC regards the recognition of its competence to hear complaints as imposing an obligation not to hinder access to the Committee and to prevent any retaliation against complaintants. It regards its findings as authoritative determinations of obligations under the Covenant, and their adoption as being required in order to provide an "effective remedy" under Article 2 of the ICCPR” … exerted from Wikipedia.
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The UN Convention on the Political and Civil Rights was ratified by this nation on June 1992. However, this treaty does not include grievance, corrective and enforcement mechanism which are the main reasons for the creation of UN First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Presently, with much of the world in economical, social, cultural, political and civil turmoil, this nation has the opportunity at the 2011 G20 forum later this year to declare its participation in the treaty and urge G20 members that have not ratify the treaty to join the efforts to promote and advance such as global democracy, liberty, social equality and justice, inclusiveness, pluralism, rule of law and the common good. This nation and G20 members support for this treaty would be a tremendous encouragement to the global community, particularly regions or communities under oppression or disfranchised.
We also urge the Congress and Senate to enact legislation to ratify the UN First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights to set good examples and leadership to the global community and to encourage social reforms in nations plague by unrests and chaos.
We thank you for your caring, empathy, efforts and leadership in advancing the greater and common goods and well being of the global community.
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