Protection of Biodiversity of Kavesar Lake and similar Wetland ecosystems

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Increasingly the wetlands, lakes, ponds, etc are being either filled with debris for construction or they are being taken up for concretisation and beautification by removing its surrounding natural vegetation in the name of development. This needs to stop as wetlands provide valuable ecosystem services and support a number of local flora and fauna and birds, insects, reptiles, amphibians, etc.

Kavesar Lake, an ancient wetland lake in Hiranandani Estate which has a robust and functioning ecosystem is being encircled with construction activities thereby harming its catchment areas.  The surrounding wetland of the lake and a nearby pond has been filled up with debris and its natural vegetation and trees in the vicinity destroyed due to landscaping and so-called beautification.  The question to be asked here is - Does nature require human beings to beautify it??

However, as lakes and ponds in Thane and Navi Mumbai and Mumbai have been subjected to this beautification by concretisation and their natural ecosystem destroyed in the name of jogging tracks and boating facilities.  Such water bodies and their vicinity are home to a number of water and terrestrial birds, insects, reptiles, small mammals, amphibians, butterflies, Snails, Earthworms and fishes.  

A similar functioning ecosystem is existing in and around the ancient Kavesar Lake (now being converted into TMC Lake Garden). This bio-diversity needs to be protected so that citizens can watch the other remaining life forms in their natural ecosystem and vegetation.  Bird watchers have seen and photographed around  70 variety of birds including Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Asian Openbills, Waterhens, Ducks, Moorhens, Coots, Bitterns, Herons, Egrets, Kingfishers, Storks, Flycatchers, Raptors, Barbets, Bulbuls, Munias, Sunbirds, Owls, Bats Parakeets etc. Mammals like the elusive India Grey Mongoose and Squirrels have been spotted regularly here. Besides this various reptiles, amphibians, lizards, insects, fishes make-up the bio-diversity of the Kavesar lake and the nearby Kasarvadavli wetlands.

If such places are not restored, protected and its ecosystem preserved than no lakes or ponds will be left for habitation of non-human species. Don't deprive our next generation of being able to grow watching such wonderful ecosystems and their non-human original inhabitants.  Such places charge groundwater and maintain  the water table for both human and non-human consumption in these times of water shortages in India.  PM Modi in his “Mann ki Baat” has also requested citizens to protect and save water bodies.