REVIEW PETITION FOR INCREASE OF EMPLOYMENT GENERATION LOCATIONS

REVIEW PETITION FOR INCREASE OF EMPLOYMENT GENERATION LOCATIONS

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Soumit Sen started this petition to Prime Minister of India

REVIEW PETITION FOR UPGRADATION OF PM KISAN SAMMAN NIDHI YOJANA

Reference: Article 350 of the Constitution of India

For addressing the problems of Fluctuating Agricultural Produce Prices and the Agricultural Loans and associated untoward incidents the “PM KISAN SAMMAN NIDHI YOJANA” was launched. This provides a Sum of INR 6000/- per month; a huge sum when considered from the viewpoint of the government w.r.t. large number of beneficiaries but when considered from the viewpoint of the Farmer the amount is not very much.

Under such circumstances, farmers having large families shall split his agricultural land holding among his sons while retaining a share in his own land. The same shall rise the cost to the National Exchequer to a huge extent and thus in the Longer run the wonderful scheme may not be able to serve its purpose.

Hence, I humbly consider the Honorary Luminaries to consider the following options so that Agricultural Income and employment can also be generated at the local level.

SUGGESTION

At present we see the villagers are often coming out to the cities so that they get better employment opportunities. But why is this? The returns from the agricultural fields are not high – it is said that since the Minimum Support Price is lower than the cost of production the farmers suffer from losses. Again, in order to improve agricultural productivity by reducing the period between two crops stubble burning can be found across the country and as reported the same has severe environmental impact.

Then what does the farmer do? In search of alternative earning opportunities, he moves to the city – a location of employment generation. Also, the facilities and infrastructure like Medical, transport, education, power all are town / city centric and in the village the villagers feel deprived.

Now a town or city is built calculating the number of residents in it and services are planned accordingly. Now when the Villager comes to the city, he needs a place to stay. He chooses a vacant land where he can stay by making a slum. As the number of slum residents increase the services provided in the city fall short. Also, this sort of migration leaves its impact on the environment in the long run.

So, this results in deprived citizens both in the villages and in the cities. But can the services be provided in a village; can it be made an employment generation location? Probably No since the only source of revenue generation in the villages at present is agriculture – a huge spending must be done in order to send power and other utilities to the villages.

Can anything be done?

India is a country having many Gram Panchayats (Approx. 250,000) and can these be turned into employment generation locations?

The Villages get money from the grants-in-aid from the Central or the State government or from the Zilla Parishad or Panchayat Samiti and the taxes imposed by them. However as may be seen the amounts mentioned fall short to bring in development and as a result they must wait for further grants from the State or Central Governments; who have their own limitations.

However, can the Gram Panchayats work within its functions and usher employment and development (Delegated function, Community development function, and Supervisory functions).

What can be done to enable that Power is available in the Villages? If it cannot be sent, then can it be produced at the villages?

Yes! Land is available with the Gram Panchayats and the stubble from the agricultural fields (which is burnt off to facilitate farming can be used as fuel) – In January’ 2018 NTPC Limited, Dadri had expressed interest to buy agricultural waste as a fuel for their Thermal Power Plants (Refer NIT NO. 40085984 DATED: 27.01.2018 of NTPC LTD, DADRI).

The positives from these power plants may be listed as follows:

·         Reduce environmental pollution.

·         Reduce dependency of Fossil Fuel (Coal, Oil, Gas etc).

·         The stubble is a waste product and is of no economic value to the Farmer – hence he burns it off so that he can gain farming time (The Farm Waste burnt annually is enough to produce few thousand Mega Watts of Power annually). However, if the stubble has a market value then the Farmer gets additional income and as a result covers up his operational expenses versus M.S.P.

·         The Power produced in the respective Gram Panchayat can be sold to the grid generating revenue for them.

·         The Villages themselves can act as Employment Generation Locations.

·         The Towns & Cities shall not be overcrowded thus allowing the Urban Bodies to meet demand/s staying within estimates.

·         With reference to the NIT by NTPC it can be stated that generation of power is possible by using stubble and also the government is willing to spend for the same.

Resources needed:

  1. LAND – The Gram Panchayats have land at their disposal. They themselves with their resident members are to build Biomass Power Plants (Area required approx. 25 acres of barren land per Panchayat).
  2. WATER – Agricultural Water is available with all Gram Panchayats – the water supply network can be augmented, as and when required.
  3. FUEL – As discussed above.
  4. CAPITAL (MONETARY INVESTMENT) – MNREGA, MPLAD etc are existing ways to finance the project. Once the Plants start becoming operational then the revenue generated can be used for more.

IS THE SCHEME, AS DESCRIBED ABOVE FEASIBLE TO GENERATE EMPLOYMENT OF APPROX 50 AT EACH LOCATION (Mainly Skilled, Semiskilled and Unskilled Workmen) BY INVESTING APPROXIMATELY INR 50 CRORES AT EACH LOCATION.

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