To boost efficiency of govt employe change promotion policy from seniority to merit based

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With a lot of reforms in the system coming in, need of the hour is to encourage government employee to improve productivity by issuing a common promotion policy where govt employee promotion set up moves from bureaucracy to meritocracy. We need to consider the reasons why most the government department employees are working inefficiently:

1.       The HR policies and rules for government servant are continuing as it is from the pre-independence era where the IAS (Indian Administrative Services) officials were supposed to rule over the rest of the Indians. Hence, the promotion rules have always made in favor of the IAS officials who were amongst the British people.

2.       Presently, all the departments in the center and state PSUs are headed by the IAS lobby which has captured and are heading all the departments.

3.       It is true that most of the IAS officials are working efficiently, but at the same time it is also true that their efficiency can be increased many folds along with the efficiency of other officials who join government service through other channels by proposing a common promotion policy, which is performance based rather than seniority based. This will provide equal competition in the promotion path to all the officials irrespective of their recruitment channel.

4.       A government employee who joins Government service as a clerk or class-2 gazetted officer is bound to retire from the services after getting at most 2 promotion during his entire career of 30 years irrespective of the quality of the service he offers to the nation. Question arises where is the motivation for him to work if he knows that his good work is never going to get rewarded.

5.       Although if we check the rules in the books, they are formed in a manner to ensure that the person who joins service as class-2 officer gets all the promotion prospects, but in the bureaucratic system which is under the grip of IAS lobby has ensured that these rules doesn’t see the light of the day under the pretext of delayed DPC, internal court cases, different dictionary words of temporary promotions like officiating, look after charge etc.

6.       Both IAS and employees through other channels get inducted into government service at the same age but their career progression gets defined at the time of induction into department and it depends entirely on the channel of induction.

a.       An IAS shall get promoted based on his position in the seniority list at the time of selection

b.       An employee who has been selected through other channels like PCS, SSC has been defined to get at most 2 promotions throughout his entire career of 30 years of service (assuming selection is made at the age of 30 years)

7.       The judgment of the efficiency of government official is based on one examination where the theoretical knowledge of the candidate is examined. It should not be only criterion for the entire career of 30 years. Rather, future promotions in any departments should be based on the performance of the officials/employees and each employee should have clear cut career progression path defined.

Following are the suggestions which can be implemented to improve the efficiency of the employees:

1.       When the elected head of the state has, performance measured every five years by the citizens of India, and citizens decide the fate of the elected government after every five years and evaluate the decisions taken by the elected government. The same kind of mechanism should also be there to check the efficiency of the decisions by the other govt employees. The assumed notion of government job being permanent and can be terminated only in case of financial irregularities should be removed.

2.       Equal opportunities of personal growth should exist for all the government official in their respective departments and there should be a single seniority list maintained in the department irrespective of the promotee or the direct recruitee or the IAS.

3.       An independent body like UPSC should be formed which decides the promotion of all the central government departments/PSU. It will minimize the favoritism in promotions.

4.       An ideal institution where the promotions policies are transparent and very well defined is in government Banking system like SBI, PNB etc. and the efficiency of the bank officials are evident to all. Banking system has so far maintained pace with the private sector in terms of efficiency and technology because the employees in the banking system are motivated in terms of career growth.

5.       Needless to say, the banking system has evolved after independence, and that is the reason the policies are framed assuming any employee can head the institution depending upon the caliber of the employee.

These are some of the suggestions which if implemented could remove the tags from government institutions like

1.       No one wants to educate his child in government school, but at the same time people find the job of a government school teacher a lucrative one.

2.       No one wants to take treatment in government hospital if financially capable, but at the same time job of a doctor in a district hospital is considered lucrative.

The suggestion to make a government system where equal opportunities exist for all the employees and the career growth of the official is based on the performance of the employee shall pave the way for the betterment of all government institutions

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