Stop the Pain! Stop Vivisection Canada!

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This petition seeks to first stop some of the most painful experiments on animals while implementing a phase out of all similar animal experiments.

In Canada there is no specific legislation to protect animals in research laboratories. The Canadian Council on  Animal Care (CCAC)  is a national organization responsible for setting and maintaining standards. It is a peer review and inspections are confidential.

The Three Rs, started by W.M.S. Russell and R.L. Burch, was supposed to have reduced the numbers of animals used but it has failed. There has been a steady increase. This is due in part to a lucrative vivisection industry that includes increasing biotech private companies. In 1959, Russell and Burch proposed the concept of the Three Rs that stand for Replacement, Reduction and Refinement. (CCAC)

 We urge you to support a phase out of all experiments using scientifically fallacious “animal models” over the next 10 years or sooner. This would stop the waste of scarce health care funds to provide better health care research for human maladies, and stop abuses to nonhuman animals. Detailed reasons for this major improvement in our health care and research system is provided in Stop Vivisection Canada!

We hope you will look at Vivisection 101 to learn how the research system works. Contrary to common public perception the “animal model” part is not only done before human clinical/epidemiological studies but can be done during and/or afterwards. It can be phase out without any adverse impact on human health. The phase out would also allow the lucrative vivisection industry to adapt to the needed changes. A comparison is similar to fuel industries evolving to green energy to stop Global Warming.

Why Don’t Animal Models Help Our Health?

Numerous doctors agree that vivisection retards scientific progress because these animal models are unlike naturally occurring human diseases or injuries. The researcher is not looking at the actual human malady. Furthermore, methods tested, such as drug therapies, react differently on various species of animals because there are major biological and anatomical differences between and within species in addition to sex and age differences. Data obtained from animal models cannot be reliably extrapolated to solve complex human problems.

Documented reviews of medical history in such fields as spinal cord research, heart disease, diabetes and AIDS research substantiate the position that major medical advances are a result of studies that include in-vitro (non-animal) tests and human clinical and epidemiological studies (the study of naturally occurring diseases or injury).

The inhumane, scientifically fallacious vivisection can be phase out over the next ten years. There have been billions of animals killed over the 150 years of vivisection atrocities yet there has been no added protection to people when drugs or medical procedures were tested in human clinical tests and epidemiological studies.

 Phasing Out Vivisection

First steps would include 1) stopping the chronic restraint of animals such as nonhuman primates and 2) ending the presently permitted Pain Categories #4 and #5 (experiments causing extreme pain).

1) In regards to chronic restraint, nonhuman primates can be kept in restraint devices for days, weeks, and months. Sometimes because of the nature of the experiments and also convenience of not moving the subjects repeatedly from cages tor restraint.

 It has been 36 years since the Lifeforce Foundation laid the first and only Canadian Cruelty to Animal Charges against researchers. Wild caught baboons were imprisoned in restraint devices for 4 months. Lifeforce dropped the charges because the University of Western Ontario agreed to stop these experiments funded by the Ontario Heart and Stroke Foundation. Although CCAC meetings were held to discuss to stopping such restraint  - it wasn’t and the restraint of primates and others continue today.

 2) CCAC  has defined 5 types of experimental procedures called “categories of invasiveness”. Each category outlines the various pain and discomfort on a scale of 1 to 5.

The most inhumane procedures are Level 4 and Level 5. Level 4 permits “moderate to severe distress or discomfort” (CCAC >  moderate to severe distress or discomfort). Level 5 permits “severe pain near, at, or above the pain tolerance threshold of unanesthetized  consciuous animals” (CCAC >  severe pain near, at, or above the pain tolerance threshold of unanesthetized conscious animals ).

The other levels 1, 2, and 3 are 1.most invertebrates or live isolates, 2. little or no discomfort or stress, and 3. minor stress or pain of short duration (CCAC)

 In 2013 (the last available numbers) there were 3,023,184 animals used in research, teaching and testing reported to the CCAC . Not all research labs report. The majority of animals (61.6%) were used in studies of a fundamental nature/basic research or Purpose of Animal Use (PAU) 1, representing 1,897,813 animals (Table 2). In the highest Category of Invasiveness E ,78,294  animals were counted (93,242  counted in 2012). (CCAC information)

Government tax money, pharmaceutical/cosmetic/ pesticide etc. businesses, military, and often unknowing public donations to health organizations also fund the lucrative vivisection industry.

We must keep in mind that whatever research spokespeople may claim there are no bans on species used and experimental methods. Anything is permitted under the name of scientific freedom.  Please help stop vivisection and develop a safe, humane research system for freedom for all life.