Mississippians for Reparations: Late Ratification of 13th Amendment

Mississippians for Reparations: Late Ratification of 13th Amendment

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Carla Girolamo started this petition to President of the United States and

The 13th Amendment states, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” according to Becky Little of History Stories on October 2, 2018. Using cited and insightful information from history’s implications to reputable historical documents; over time a southern state exposed publicly a great oversight in 1995.  The State of Mississippi made an attempt to close a very sensitive subject in history that has rocked this nation, “African Americans”, families, educators and professors with vast knowledge and course material about the known travesties of slave ownership, the act of slavery, mastery and subduing human lives in these United States of America under the abolishment of subjugation in the United States Constitution. But it was not until February 7, 2013 after the rejection of being ratified December 5, 1865 that the great State of Mississippi known for its nickname the Magnolia State, Jackson- its largest city and catfish; failed “African Americans” or Mississippians and other associated communities tremendously. 

This was more than a typographical error.  This was more than an oversight or clerical error. This was more than just a business deal gone wrong as you will learn.  The decision to leave this unratified document or unclosed business deal meant a benefited continuation of additional unregulated labor, disadvantaged workers, additional gained wealth, inflated profits, and a continued position of ownership. 

But for Mississippians, this meant a violation of civil rights, the title of slave, continued heart ache, fear, mental anguish, hatred, exhaustion, a disadvantaged People, no land, no home ownership which means no equity, no dowry or heirloom to pass on to the next generation of children, minimal jobs, minimal qualifications for high paying jobs, low paid wages, segregated education, disadvantaged education, no funding, Section 8 housing, Co-Op housing, HUD housing, no leadership, minimal opportunities, increased crime, and inadequate healthcare. “To control the body is to control the mind, soul, and emotions of a man and woman in a community so much so the levees break. The levees are unsafe for the structure, so there is no choice but to let it fall. It’s required to rebuild because the structure has to be redesigned for quality and efficacy” said Carla Girolamo in a questionnaire about generalized slavery.

"The oversight was no small one either. Until February 7, 2013, the state of Mississippi had never submitted the required documentation to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, meaning it never officially had abolished slavery. 

The amendment was adopted in December 1865 after the necessary three-fourths of the then 36 states voted in favor of ratification. Mississippi, however, was a holdout; at the time state lawmakers were upset that they had not been compensated for the value of freed slaves." wrote Ben Waldron on February 19, 2013.

Moving forward, Mississippians still suffer after 148 years of slavery whether abolished or ratified.  Mississippi is listed as one of the poorest states in the United States of America with some of the richest soil in the USA! This major critical yet depressing and oppressive known fact and many other supporting facts for Mississippi residents, natives, those born in Mississippi with birth certificates, land and otherwise born until February 7, 2013 in the great State of Mississippi were considered "slaves"! We demand this oversight by Mississippi and The United States of America repair Mississippians for reasons seen and unseen. 

Mississippian families in all categories like single, widowed, married or single with a child in Mississippi live in subpar homes like mobile homes, reside on flood lands and even reside on the very plantations of their "masters" or slave owners.  For example, a small town called Egypt which is located in Chickasaw County is coupled with a church, cemetery and homes located on Egypt Plantation owned by white slave owners.  Signs like Egypt Plantation 1835 https://www.google.com/maps/uv?hl=en&pb= can still be found in this town.

Other towns like Tchula reflect the same nature and developed culture of the aforementioned late ratification, late abolishment of the Modern-Day Slavery Act and subpar standard of living like low income communities, high crime rates, minimal opportunities, minimal jobs, limited college tuition, lack of advancement, lack of funding, limited healthcare and an unattended poor elderly community.  Tchula, Mississippi is located in Holmes County.  Holmes County is the poorest county in Mississippi and shows non-gentrification due to lack of funding and infiltration of American dollars and American business.  However, it you ever take a trip to Tchula, you can see Caucasian families still own their land, live separate on their land and are segregated from African American and Indigenous Native American Indian people and in business.

Sunflower or Sunflower County was named after Sunflower River. Many Mississippians have known Sunflower Agriculture since 1936 and even today.  This was and is still one of the largest companies to solicit cheap labor for production in the early 1900's. Many pictures about Sunflower Plantation can be found at https://www.sunflowerplantation.org/1936-june---carl-mydans.html  The list of families to profit off just slavery is innumerable and may be difficult to calculate.  However, those from communities like Tchula and Egypt can tell clear stories of the segregation and differences pressed upon their souls. What is the resolution for Mississippians that have suffered defamation of character under the late ratification of the 13th Amendment, who still produce below the national average income and live in highly increased crime filled communities with low education and no escape route due to the aforementioned list in the above paragraphs? We demand reparations!

In order to get over a depressing and oppressive historical fact of a late ratification which is legally justified and supported by many facts on and off the books, through Mississippi communities and families; a single individual has to have the opportunity to overcome the past.  I was born in Lexington, Mississippi in 1983.  I lived in Tchula Mississippi for seven to eight years of my childhood.  My sister and I would stay with our late grandmother every summer on her farm. Little did we know as children; this was not our grandmother’s house.  It was owned by a Caucasian family.  And it was also their land. 

Today, we share memories that did not belong to us financially, spiritually or in land. I associate these thoughts to my current family as a tarnished legacy. In Mississippi, as a child, I remember being able to play with my cousins and not allowed to play with Caucasian children.  There was such a separation between people. 

My mother, Sandra lives in her adult years with known facts of how she was treated, segregated, and discriminated against. Today, there are several testaments of the inability to gain wealth in my family from my loving uncles and aunts, cousins and other families in the small town of Tchula, Belzoni, Egypt, Milestone and other local communities.  Other individuals and families share this same disparity. From the past and today, Mississippians still live on limited resources.  Mr. President of the United States, United States House of Representatives, U.S. House of Senators, Mississippi Governor, Courts and State Officials it is time we take a stand today and change this for Mississippians and mankind.  We should follow the path of Belgium in the metis crisis https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/04/world/europe/belgium-kidnapping-congo-rwanda-burundi.html 

It is time to restore a People, a state!  It is time to embrace change!  It is time to move forward in the 21st century! It is time for business and a growth spurt for Mississippians! It is time for equal rights! It is time for another big boom! According to Congress on July 4, 1776, under the Declaration of Independence; “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”

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