Outlaw Minneapolis PD’s Use of Force Policy Allowing Neck Restraints

Outlaw Minneapolis PD’s Use of Force Policy Allowing Neck Restraints

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Marvin Weindorff started this petition to Minneapolis Chief of Police Medaria Arradondo and

Outlaw Minneapolis Police Department’s Use of Force Policy that allows an officer to use an arm or leg to press against a person’s neck to render the person unconscious

The death of George Floyd is truly a tragedy, but part of the blame for his death could be the existence of the Minneapolis Police Department’s Use of Force Policy that allows an officer to use an arm or leg to press against a person’s neck to render the person unconscious.

The policy is located in section 5-311 of the Police Department’s Manual listed below. Section 5-311(II)(B)(3) permits the use of an unconscious neck restraint on a subject who is exhibiting active resistance in order to gain control of the subject; and if lesser attempts at control have been or would likely be ineffective.

A neck restraint is defined as compressing one or both sides of a person’s neck with an arm or leg, without applying direct pressure to the trachea or airway (front of the neck). A neck restraint can be used simply because a person is actively resisting (even if the intention is not to render the person unconscious).

Even though George Floyd was handcuffed, and there were four police officers, the officers apparently “believed” he was resisting and they were therefore within the Police Department’s policy to press a leg against Mr. Floyd’s neck. Even though the officers used the neck restraint well beyond any measure of reasonableness, the mere existence of its availability in the PD’s use of force policy as an acceptable technique is unacceptable and must be removed. Furthermore, any such policies allowing this type of restraint for someone who is resisting must be removed from any use of force policies by law enforcement agencies which contain them. In fact, such restraints should be outlawed absent an officer (or someone else) being at risk of death or serious injury.

http://www.ci.minneapolis.mn.us/police/policy/index.htm

 “5-311 USE OF NECK RESTRAINTS AND CHOKE HOLDS (10/16/02) (08/17/07) (10/01/10) (04/16/12)

DEFINITIONS I.

Choke Hold: Deadly force option. Defined as applying direct pressure on a person’s trachea or airway (front of the neck), blocking or obstructing the airway (04/16/12)

Neck Restraint: Non-deadly force option. Defined as compressing one or both sides of a person’s neck with an arm or leg, without applying direct pressure to the trachea or airway (front of the neck). Only sworn employees who have received training from the MPD Training Unit are authorized to use neck restraints. The MPD authorizes two types of neck restraints: Conscious Neck Restraint and Unconscious Neck Restraint. (04/16/12)

Conscious Neck Restraint: The subject is placed in a neck restraint with intent to control, and not to render the subject unconscious, by only applying light to moderate pressure. (04/16/12)

Unconscious Neck Restraint: The subject is placed in a neck restraint with the intention of rendering the person unconscious by applying adequate pressure. (04/16/12)

PROCEDURES/REGULATIONS II.

A. The Conscious Neck Restraint may be used against a subject who is actively resisting. (04/16/12)
B. The Unconscious Neck Restraint shall only be applied in the following circumstances: (04/16/12)
1. On a subject who is exhibiting active aggression, or;
2. For life saving purposes, or;
3. On a subject who is exhibiting active resistance in order to gain control of the subject; and if lesser attempts at control have been or would likely be ineffective.
C. Neck restraints shall not be used against subjects who are passively resisting as defined by policy. (04/16/12)
D. After Care Guidelines (04/16/12)
1. After a neck restraint or choke hold has been used on a subject, sworn MPD employees shall keep them under close observation until they are released to medical or other law enforcement personnel.
2. An officer who has used a neck restraint or choke hold shall inform individuals accepting custody of the subject, that the technique was used on the subject.”

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