To raise awareness about water shortage in India and how a hand water pump can help

To raise awareness about water shortage in India and how a hand water pump can help

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Harshita Jinaga started this petition to Mahindra International School Pune

There is water shortage in many places across India, fortunately for those places with ground water, a simple solution can be given - a hand water pump. 

A water pump is a machine used to move liquids. The hand pump is a type of water pump that uses manual labor to be able to lift groundwater to the surface. To use it, someone must use effort to be able to pull the handle of the pump down. This handle is attached to a disc, and when moved upward, the movement of the disc ‘sucks’ the water up. Water pumps are not too common in rural areas, but some homes still use them as a backup device, they are mostly found in developing countries, where they can be installed on bore-holes or hand dug wells. Hand pumps are effective, as they give access to groundwater that may not be polluted, which means that it is safer for drinking. They are sustainable as they do not require electricity to work, meaning it can work in places that don't have access to electricity can use it. Though, the main disadvantage to using a hand pump is maintenance and the amount of effort needed to use it. 


Chennai

Chennai has been rapidly depleting of water since the past year. Chennai's population is about 9 million and there is less than half the water required for such a population. Villagers speed towards water pumps, which have an erratic flow, making the villagers have to wait for 10 minutes before the water starts pumping again. The cities reservoirs and wells and water sources are dried and parched since there has been high temperature and hardly any aims for the past 2 years. It is said that if it does not rain again this year, Chennai Will be unliveable.


Residents have moved to different homes which have better water supply and have contacted private tankers to sell water at high prices. The worst thing is that India is the largest user of groundwater, which does not include lakes and reservoirs. However we have been using this water at an unsustainable rate since 2013 causing the scarcity. It is a man made issue which has been caused by pollution and emission to pollute water to make them hazardous. For Chennai, it has not only affected the lifestyle of people but it has negatively impacted schools, hospitals and restaurants. Especially hospitals since if there is no water, there can not be proper hygiene, which can cause a new disease. Therefore Chennai is working at its hardest to try and improve the water problem. 


Delhi

Delhi is another place where water shortage is coming. Delhi is supplying 900 MDG (million gallons per day) however that is around 300 MGD less which causes issues amongst residents. The population is around 160 million and especially during the summer times there are fights and about 3 people died last year in one of these water related incidents. It is said that nearly 45% of the water is wasted due to theft and spillages, meaning that even if we try and save 30 to 35% of water, the requirements of water will be met. 


These water shortages have been caused by Delhi's urban atmosphere with pollution rising to its peak at 500 which is extremely hazardous, causing heat and diseases. These 2 factors have dried up reservoirs and have contaminated freshwater to be extremely unhygienic. 


Rajasthan 

Rajasthan has also been facing severe water shortage for many years now. A study has shown that there has been a major decline in groundwater by 62.70% in the state with only 37.20% rise. In various parts of Rajasthani many people have taken to the streets to protest about the water shortage. There have been 19 streets which have been blocked due to these protests and therefore Rajasthan has started many NGOs to help solve this problem. 


Jal Bhagirathi Foundation was a non profit organisation established on January 15 2002. Its aim is to resolve the water crisis facing the Thar Desert, in the state of Rajasthan, India. The established this organisation to promote and help achieve water security in Rajasthan, as there is minimal water available there. 


Other Than NGOs the government has also put in some effort into solving this problem. According the the CGBW (Central Ground Water board) they have been trying to develop an over and underground water system to manage the groundwater extraction. 

There are many NGOs all around the world and in India especially, but there are few that focus on improving our environment and decreasing water shortage.


FORCE - Delhi

The Force NGO is a that focuses on promoting Water Security and Sustainable Sanitation. Using upcoming technology and traditional wisdom they work with communities, advocates and policy makers to help resolve water management problems. 


They have reached out to 1.5 million Indians, impacted more than 300,000 and 100,000 children. They have caused 30 million litres of water to be saved from wastage by their interventions. They are based in New Delhi, India and are working towards minimising water wastage all around India.


Jal Bhagirathi Foundation - Rajasthan

Jal Bhagirathi Foundation was a non profit organisation established on January 15 2002. Its aim is to resolve the water crisis facing the Thar Desert, in the state of Rajasthan, India. The established this organisation to promote and help achieve water security in Rajasthan, as there is minimal water available there. 


The Jal Bhagirathi Foundation has won many awards all over India, and is praised for its great work. They help over 500 villages in Rajasthan, and have created over 2000 water harvesting structures, in which they harvest over 4000 million litres of water every year. They also focus on sanitation a lot, and they have built 2100 toilets. 


Their partners are companies such as HSBC, Wells of India, Charity: Water, Excellent, and the Asia Foundation. 


Arappor Iyakkam - Chennai

Arappor iyakkam is a NGO in Chennai which focuses on water bodies. This NGO was created after the 2015 floods in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu has over 3600 water bodies but they are neglected, leading to natural disasters such as floods. They work in areas such as Chennai, Kanchipuram, and Tiruvallur. Chennai has the advantage of a great drainage system as it is connected to the rivers Kosasthalaiyar in the north, Cooum in the middle and Adyar in the South. 


 Arappor Iyakkam’s main aim is to stop degradation of water bodies. They are trying to restore water bodies after the floods. They have presented at many public hearings and have spread the word of the damages caused by the neglect of water bodies. They are currently trying to restore the water bodies Korattur, Villivakkam, Pallavaram and Porur.

 

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