LIVROS EM SITUAÇÕES DE EMERGÊNCIA HUMANITÁRIA
Quando acontece uma catástrofe humanitária, as organizações internacionais e os governos estabelecem postos médicos, lançam de helicópteros suprimentos emergenciais de alimentos e distribuem roupas em zonas de desastre.
Naturalmente, a prioridade máxima é satisfazer ( as chamadas ‘necessidades básicas’): comida, água, abrigo e saúde. Ainda que não haja dúvida de que as organizações e os governos devem dedicar a maioria dos esforços deles a promover o bem-estar físico das vítimas de desastres, o alimento da mente destas (destas) vítimas – como segunda medida para ajudá-los a avançar e superar a situação desesperada deles merece mais atenção.
Depois do terremoto devastador no Haiti em 2010, Bibliotecas Sem Fronteiras (BSF) respondeu a pedidos de instituições haitianas e enviou uma missão de emergência ao país. Nesta ocasião, várias pessoas perguntaram se o ato de oferecer aos haitianos a oportunidade de ler, escrever e acessar a informação tinha mais prioridade do que a comida e o abrigo.
A satisfação das necessidades básicas é sem dúvida a prioridade máxima nas situações de emergência humanitária. Entretanto, o trabalho de Bibliotecas Sem Fronteiras (BSF) no Haiti tem mostrado que o acesso aos livros e recursos de informação promove o bem-estar das pessoas deslocadas. Os livros e a expressão ajudam a manter a estímulo intelectual e fomentam a auto-estima e a capacidade de recuperação deles em meio à crise.
Seja atrvpes de livros ou computadores, seja através de assistência legal ou formações (ou: capacitações), o acesso à informação e aos recursos culturais empodera os indivíduos e lhes dão ferramentas para reconstruir o que foi perdido. Além disso, as bibliotecas – como fornecem telefones, ferramentas de mapeamento, e lugares para reunificação familiar e organização da comunidade – melhoram a comunicação dentro das comunidades e entre cooperadores humanitários. Estes tipos de recursos também podem ter um papel decisivo no restabelecimento de um senso de normalidade após a situação de emergência.
E ainda que várias diretrizes internacionais sobre a ajuda humanitária afirmem a importância da educação básica em situações de emergência humanitária, estas diretrizes também devem incluir o acesso aos livros e à informação como uma prioridade para vítimas de desastres.
Convictos de que livros, escrita e aprendizado não podem ser negados às vítimas de desastres humanitários (tem direito a alimento da mente), Bibliotecas Sem Fronteiras, através desta chamada à ação, tem a intenção de aumentar a conscientização sobre a necessidade de expandir o acesso aos livros e à informação em emergências humanitárias. Além disso, BSF pede que as organizações internacionais: 1) expandam programas culturais, educativos e de leitura, os quais ajudam os indivíduos a superarem o trauma e 2) considerem o acesso à informação e aos livros como prioridade dentro da ajuda humanitária.
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