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Petitioning Director-General of UNESCO Ms. Irina Bokova and 2 others

LIVROS EM SITUAÇÕES DE EMERGÊNCIA HUMANITÁRIA

LIVROS EM SITUAÇÕES DE EMERGÊNCIA HUMANITÁRIA

Quando acontece uma catástrofe humanitária, as organizações internacionais e os governos estabelecem postos médicos, lançam de helicópteros suprimentos emergenciais de alimentos e distribuem roupas em zonas de desastre.

Naturalmente, a prioridade máxima é satisfazer ( as chamadas ‘necessidades básicas’): comida, água, abrigo e saúde. Ainda que não haja dúvida de que as organizações e os governos devem dedicar a maioria dos esforços deles a promover o bem-estar físico das vítimas de desastres, o alimento da mente destas (destas) vítimas – como segunda medida para ajudá-los a avançar e superar a situação desesperada deles merece mais atenção.


Depois do terremoto devastador no Haiti em 2010, Bibliotecas Sem Fronteiras (BSF) respondeu a pedidos de instituições haitianas e enviou uma missão de emergência ao país. Nesta ocasião, várias pessoas perguntaram se o ato de oferecer aos haitianos a oportunidade de ler, escrever e acessar a informação tinha mais prioridade do que a comida e o abrigo.


A satisfação das necessidades básicas é sem dúvida a prioridade máxima nas situações de emergência humanitária. Entretanto, o trabalho de Bibliotecas Sem Fronteiras (BSF) no Haiti tem mostrado que o acesso aos livros e recursos de informação promove o bem-estar das pessoas deslocadas. Os livros e a expressão ajudam a manter a estímulo intelectual e fomentam a auto-estima e a capacidade de recuperação deles em meio à crise.


Seja atrvpes de livros ou computadores, seja através de assistência legal ou formações (ou: capacitações), o acesso à informação e aos recursos culturais empodera os indivíduos e lhes dão ferramentas para reconstruir o que foi perdido. Além disso, as bibliotecas – como fornecem telefones, ferramentas de mapeamento, e lugares para reunificação familiar e organização da comunidade – melhoram a comunicação dentro das comunidades e entre cooperadores humanitários. Estes tipos de recursos também podem ter um papel decisivo no restabelecimento de um senso de normalidade após a situação de emergência.
E ainda que várias diretrizes internacionais sobre a ajuda humanitária afirmem a importância da educação básica em situações de emergência humanitária, estas diretrizes também devem incluir o acesso aos livros e à informação como uma prioridade para vítimas de desastres.

Convictos de que livros, escrita e aprendizado não podem ser negados às vítimas de desastres humanitários (tem direito a alimento da mente), Bibliotecas Sem Fronteiras, através desta chamada à ação, tem a intenção de aumentar a conscientização sobre a necessidade de expandir o acesso aos livros e à informação em emergências humanitárias. Além disso, BSF pede que as organizações internacionais: 1) expandam programas culturais, educativos e de leitura, os quais ajudam os indivíduos a superarem o trauma e 2) considerem o acesso à informação e aos livros como prioridade dentro da ajuda humanitária.

Muito obrigado pelo seu apoio!

 

FIRST SIGNATORIES

FRANCE

Farid Abdelouahab – writer, Eliette Abécassis – writer, Olivier Adam – writer, Emmanuel Arnaud – writer, Elisabeth Badinter – writer and philosopher, Etienne Balibar – philosopher and Visiting Professor at Columbia University, Azouz Begag – writer and politician, Tahar Ben Jelloun – writer and poet, Jean Manuel Bourgois – publisher and former president of the French Publishers Association, Monique Bourin – historian and Professor Emeritus at the Université de Paris 1-Panthéon-Sorbonne, Serge Bramly – writer, scriptwriter and art critic, Geneviève Brisac – writer, Jean-Marc Brisson – head of exhibitions and meetings at Actes Sud, Evelio Cabrejo Parra – linguist and psychoanalyst, Cabu – designer, Barbara Cassin – philologist and philosopher, Jean-Marc Coicaud – Professor of Law and Global Affairs and Director of the Division of Global Affairs at Rutgers University, Collectif 129 (Lyor, Néobled, Rouda) – group of slam poets and rappers, David Chaillou – composer, Roger Chartier – historian and professor at Collège de France, Yves Coppens - paleontologist, paleoanthropologist, and Emeritus Professor at the Collège de France, Vincent Crouzet – writer, Catherine Cusset – writer, Geneviève d'Angenstein – Founder of the French School of Courtesy and Protocol, Marie Darrieussecq – writer, Anne-France Dautheville – writer and journalist, Maylis de Kerangal – writer, Didier Daeninckx – writer, Arnaud Delalande – writer, Delphine de la Panneterie – Audiovisual Services Manager at Editions Robert Laffont, Christophe Deloire – writer, journalist and Director-General Reporters Without Borders, Patrick Deville - writer, Emmanuel de Waresquiel – historian, Rokhaya Diallo – radio and television commentator, Arthur Dreyfus – writer, Stéphane Durand-Souffland – legal commentator, Gad Elmaleh – stand-up comedian, actor and filmmaker, Jacques Expert – journalist, Olivier Faron – Director-General of the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon, Didier Fassin – anthropologist, sociologist and professor at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study, Jérôme Ferrari – writer and winner of the Prix Goncourt 2012, Jean-Louis Fournier – writer, comedian and filmmaker, François-Xavier – journalist, Thierry Fremaux – Director of the Institut Lumière and General Delegate of the Cannes Film Festival, Patrice Gelinet – member of the Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel (CSA), Sylvie Germain – writer, Hervé Ghesquiere – journalist, Valentine Goby – writer, Jean-Louis Gouraud, writer and publisher, Anne Goscinny – writer, Robert Guediguian – filmmaker, producer and scriptwriter, Sophie Guérard de Latour – Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Alban Guillemois – comics artist, Denis Gombert – writer and publisher, Serge Hefez – psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Stéphane Hessel – former French ambassador and writer, Fabrice Humbert – writer, Jean-Noel Jeanneney – former president of the National Library of France, Jacques Lamalle – writer and journalist, Olivier Lassu – filmmaker and scripwriter, Xavier Le Clerc – writer, Martine Lemalet – Director-General of Éditions Le Manuscrit, Alain Mabanckou – writer, poet and Professor of French and Francophone Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles, Bernard Magnier – writer and director of the collection "Lettres Africaines" at Actes Sud, Jean Malaurie – ethnologist, geographer and writer, Jean-Pierre Marielle – writer, Noëlle Meimaroglou – Editorial Director at Éditions Flammarion, Eric Milet – writer and Sahara specialist, Olivier Mongin – director of the journal Esprit, Marie Rose Moro – writer and doctor of medicine and social studies, Agathe Natanson – actress, Pierre-Yves Néron – Associate Professor of Business Ethics at Université Catholique de Lille, Florence Noiville – writer and journalist, Dominique Noguez – philosopher and writer, Olivier Nora – CEO of Éditions Grasset et Fayard, Xavier North – senior civil official and head of the General Delegation for the French language and the languages of France, Erik Orsenna – writer and member of the French Academy, Michèle Petit – anthropologist and honorary research engineer at the French National Center for Scientific Research, Philomène Piegay – journalist and head of the culture section at Elle, Gilles Pécout – historian and professor at the École Normale Supérieure, Nicolas Philippe – Founder of Éditions Le Manuscrit, Hubert Prolongeau – journalist, Anne Rabinovitch – writer, Jean Reno – actor, Pierre Rosanvallon – historian and professor at the Collège de France, Jean-Marie Rouart – writer and member of the French Academy, Jean-Christophe Rufin – doctor, novelist and former president of Action Against Hunger France, Gonzague Saint-Bris – writer, Jacques Schwartz-bart – musician, Fabienne Servan Schreiber – producer and Director of Cinétévé, Ian Soliane – writer, Joy Sorman – writer, Yvan Tessier – photographer and librarian, Olivier Tinland – Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Université de Montpellier, David Thomas – writer, Lilian Thuram – President of the Lilian Thuram Foundation, Louis-Georges Tin – Professor of Literature at the Université d’Orléans, Emmanuel Todd – historian and demographer at the Institut national d'études démographiques, Todorov Tzvetan – essayist, philosopher and historian, Jean-Noël Tronc – Director-General of SACEM, Sebastian Veg – researcher and Director of the French Center for Research on Contemporary China in Hong Kong, Abdourahman A. Waberi – writer, Loïc Wacquant – Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, Bernard Werber – writer, Denis Westhoff – photographer

 

GERMANY

Georges-Arthur Goldschmidt – writer and translator

 

BELGIQUE

Laurent de Briey – Professor of Philosophy at the Université de Namur, Jacques Joset – professor at the Université de Liège, Khedim Simon, Justine Lacroix – philosopher and Associate Professor of Political Science at the Université libre de Bruxelles, Liegeois Eric, Nezirovic Marija, Amélie Nothomb – writer, Persson, Pawula Anna, Stech George, Welter Marie-José

 

SWEDEN

Tomas Tranströmer – winner of the 2011 Nobel Prize in Literature

BULGARIA

Elena Kodinova – journalist, Nikolay Petev – writer and President of the Bulgarian Writers' Union, Julia Spiridonova – children's author, Mario Trifonov – writer and journalist

 

GREECE

Vassilis Alexakis – writer and winner of the Prix Goncourt des lycéens

 

 

ITALY

Canfora Luciano – demographer and historian

 

 

NETHERLANDS

Benny Brunner – filmmaker, Georg Frerks – humanitarian expert and Professor of Conflict and Disaster Studies at the University of Utrecht and Wageningen University, Peter Geschiere – Professor of Anthropology at the University of Amsterdam, Ramsey Nasr – poet, writer and actor, Eduard Nazarski – Director of Amnesty International Netherlands, A.C.G.M. Robben – Professor of Anthropology at the University of Utrecht, Harry van Bommel – Member of Parliament (Socialist Party), Frieda Menco-Brommet – former radio journalist

 

POLAND

Zygmunt Bauman – Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the University of Leeds

 

PORTUGAL

Leonor Baldaque – writer

 

IRELAND

Seamus Heaney, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature

 

UNITED KINGDOM

Todd Landman – Professor of Government and Director of the Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution at the University of Essex, Doris Lessing – winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, Salman Rushdie – internationally acclaimed author and winner of the Booker Prize

 

CANADA

Arash Abizadeh – Professor of Philosophy at McGill University, Margaret Atwood – Booker Prize-winning novelist, Manon Beauchemin – librarian, Joseph Carens – Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto, Yolaine Carrier – storyteller, Ryoa Chung – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Montreal, Andrée-Anne Cormier – PhD candidate in the philosophy of education at the University of Montreal, Peter Dietsch – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Montreal, Marc-Antoine Dilhac – postdoctoral researcher in philosophy at the Center for Research on Ethics, University of Montreal, Jeanine Dion, Valéry Giroux – member of the Bar of Montreal, doctor of philosophy, and Coordinator of the Center for Research on Ethics at the University of Montreal, Vincent Guillin – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Québec in Montreal, Eric T. Jennings – Professor of History at the University of Toronto, Hélène Lépine – writer, Geneviève Lévesque, Dominique Leydet – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Québec in Montreal, Colin Macleod – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Victoria, Jocelyn Maclure – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Laval, Tristan Muller – member of the Global Library Foundation

 

UNITED STATES

David Auburn – Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, Judy Blume – best-selling author, Wendy Brown – Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley, Philip Caputo – writer and journalist, Noam Chomsky – historian and Professor of Linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Michael Cunningham – writer and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the PEN/Faulkner Award, Edwige Danticat – writer, Robert Darnton – Director of the University Library at Harvard University, Junot Díaz – Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Pamela Druckerman – writer and freelance journalist, Jennifer Egan – Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist, Dave Eggers – writer, editor and publisher, Jeffrey Eugenides – Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Eugene Fidell – Visiting Lecturer in Law at Yale Law School, military law expert, Owen Fiss – Sterling Professor at Yale Law School, Arthur Goldhammer – Senior Affiliate at Harvard University's Center for European Studies, Judith Goldstein – Founder and Executive Director of Humanity in Action, Paul Harding – Pulitzer Prize-winning author and musician, John Irving – Academy Award-winning screenwriter and novelist, Zachary D. Kaufman – attorney and chairman of the Board of Directors of the American Friends of the Kigali Public Library, Stephen King – contemporary author of horror and winner of the Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, Dean Koontz – author of suspense thrillers, Lawrence Lessig – Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and Founder of Creative Commons, Toni Morrison – winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature and Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Veronique Munoz-Darde – Professor of Philosophy at the University College London and the University of California, Berkeley, Joyce Carol Oates – winner of the National Book Award, Thomas Pogge – Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs at Yale University , David Rieff – journalist and writer, Annie Proulx – Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, Saskia Sassen – Professor of Sociology at Columbia University, Richard Sennett – Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics, Professor of Humanities at New York University, Anne-Marie Slaughter – Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and former Director of Policy Planning for the U.S. State Department, Fritz Stern – Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University, C.K. Williams – winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, the National Book Critics Circle Award and the National Book Award, Jody Williams – Nobel Peace Prize laureate and political activist

 

CHILE

Isabel Allende – winner of Chile's National Literature Prize

 

PERU

Mario Vargas Llosa – winner of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Literature

 

CUBA

Pedro Juan Gutiérrez – Cuban novelist

  

HAITI

Laeneck Hurbon – sociologist, Dany Laferriere – writer, Kettly Mars – writer, Makenzy Orcel – writer, Jean-Euphèle Milcé – writer, Guy Régis Junior – writer and translator, Marvin Victor – writer and painter

 

SOUTH AFRICA

Frederik Willem de Klerk – Nobel Peace Prize lauerate and former president of South Africa, J.M. Coetzee – winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature

 

UGANDA

Jessica Kaahwa – Senior Lecturer at Makerere University's School of Liberal and Performing Arts, Beatrice Lamwaka – writer and journalist, Mahmood Mamdani – Director of the Makere Institute of Social Research and Professor of Government at Columbia University

 

GHANA

Kwame Anthony Appiah – Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University

 

IRAN

Rami Parham – writer

 

LEBANON

Amin Maalouf – writer

 

PALESTINE

Sam Bahour – activist and writer

 

SOUTH KOREA

To Hyung Baik – Professor of Philosophy at Soongsil University, Hong Sik Cho – Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Soongsil University, Jeong Hun Han – Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Soongsil University, Se Hee Hwang – Director of the Life and Healthcare Center, National Medical Center, Chi-Wook Kim – Assistant Professor of International Relations at Ulsan University, Kyung Mee Kim – Associate Professor at Soongsil University, Chull Lee – Associate Professor of Christian Studies at Soongsil University, Jae Lyong Lee – Professor of French Literature and Language at Soongsil University, Yoo Junghwan – Professor Emeritus of Political Science at Cheongju University, Jung-chul Lee – Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Soongsil University, Sangeun Lee – Associate Professor at Soongsil University, Seungjoo Lee – Professor of Political Science at Chungang University, Jung Hyun Lim – Associate Professor at Soongsil University, Dahn Park – Professor of History at Sogang University, Park Ji Hyun – Contract Lecturer in History at Sogang University, Min Ho Whang – Professor of History at Soongsil University, Chulgu Woo – Emeritus Professor of Political Science at Yeungnam University and former president of the Korean International Studies Association, Jin Kuk Yang – Associate Professor of Chemistry at Soongsil University, Seo-Koo Yoo – Associate Professor at Soongsil University

 

RUSSIA

Oleg Sokolov – historian and Professor of French Civilization at the University of Saint Petersburg

 

VIETNAM

Dào Thanh Huyên – journalist

 

AUSTRALIA

Peter Singer – Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University

This petition was delivered to:
  • Director-General of UNESCO
    Ms. Irina Bokova
  • European Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid & Crisis Response
    Ms. Kristalina Georgieva
  • Secretary-General of the United Nations
    Mr. Ban Ki-moon

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