Advocate Sex Education in The Philippines

Advocate Sex Education in The Philippines

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Eve Joylen Acedera started this petition to learners and

This plea works to promote and edify sex education in the Philippine Republic for the well-being of Filipino youth; to promote liberated ideologies further about comprehensive sexuality education, sexual abstinence, and safer sex guidelines, to implement adaptable sex education in the school curriculum and its application to one's lifestyle, to normalize the discussion of sex education, and to open an inquiry into sex education.

As per the Department of Health's (DOH) HIV/AIDS and art database of the Philippines for January – March 2020, Metro Manila has the greatest number of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections across all areas from January to March 2020. The National Capital Region accounted for 30 percent or 852 of the 2,818 new HIV infections recorded countrywide during that time period, followed by Calabarzon (Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, and Quezon) with 18 percent or 517 cases. There were 129 newly diagnosed teenagers from January to March 2020. Three were between the ages of 10 and 14, 23 were between the ages of 15 and 17, and 103 were between the ages of 18 and 19. Ninety-six percent (124) of those affected were infected through sexual contact (23 male-female sex, 76 male-male sex, and 25 had sex with both males & females). Ninety-four percent (2,658) of newly diagnosed patients were men. The average age was 28 years old (age range: 1-78 years old). At the time of diagnosis, over half of the patients (48 percent, 1,359) were 25-34 years old, and 30 percent (834) were 15-24 years old.

Teenage pregnancy is one of the most urgent challenges confronting today's Filipino youth. The Philippines is among the highest rates of teenage birth among ASEAN member countries. According to World Bank data, the Philippines has 47 births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 19, which is greater than the population of 44 and the ASEAN region's average of 33.5 [cf. Lao PDR (76), Cambodia (57), Indonesia (48), and Thailand (43)]. This means that over 500 Filipino young females become pregnant and give birth every day. Furthermore, the Philippines' population is expected to reach 108.8 million by 2020, according to the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA). More than 53 million people are under the age of 25, including 10.3 million teenage females (10-19 years old). According to the National Demographic and Health Survey, 2% of Filipino adolescent women are pregnant, with another 8% experiencing early motherhood. This simply implies that when it comes to sex education, we Filipino young are ignorant. Adolescent pregnancy and rapid population growth are big issues in our society. To reduce the dangers of adolescent pregnancy and the possibilities of overpopulation, we propose that the Department of Health (DOH) make sex education a required topic in high school. We also require the education department to have a role in adopting this issue, and workshops for educators on effective teaching of this delicate topic should be considered. While sex education may or may not help reduce the likelihood of rape, what sex education can aim to educate about rape is the concept of consent, which may also help ensure that these individuals are not manipulated or taken advantage of. If the modification of Sex Education is not possible, we offer an alternate way in which the young can still be taught through community activities.

Sex education can enhance young people's health outcomes. It can teach them more about their bodies and how to detect atypical gynecological symptoms, as well as actions they can take to avoid and cure sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other health risks, as well as where they may go for reproductive health care. Furthermore, programs that advocate abstinence as the only option have been proven to be unsuccessful in delaying sexual beginning, lowering the frequency of sex, or reducing the number of sexual partners, according to The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Sex education, whether in or out of schools, does not increase sexual activity, sexual risk-taking behavior, or STI/HIV infection rates, and programs that mix a focus on postponing sexual activity with other material are successful. Sex Education not only discusses how a child is born, but it also explains the biological, psychological, and sociological aspects of sexual behavior, as well as playing a significant role in their sexual development, all of which may aid in the transformation of children into healthy and responsible adults.

 

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