Latest Hollywood Movies 2017

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How Over the Air TV Works
How Over the Air TV Works

American n broadcasters switched from analog to digital broadcasting on June 12, 2009. Canadian witched over to this standard in September 2011. The standard that both American and Canadian broadcast television uses is Advanced TV Systems Committee (ATSC) tuning. In 2009, the FCC allocated over 200 million coupons to US households to cover the cost of purchasing equipment able to receive over-the-air digital television signals. This represents over 70% of the US population, and over-the-air is still the most commonly watched form of .

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ATSC broadcasters transmit their signals in the VHF (very high frequency) band, with a range of 48 MHz through 72 MHz for channels 2 through 4, 76 MHz through 88 MHz for channels 5 and 6, then 174 MHz through 216 MHz for channels 7 through 13. Each channel is broken down into sub-bands. In digital broadcasting, these sub-bands are used to transmit different resolution versions of the same channel; they formerly were used to send color and audio signals during the era of analog television broadcasts. There is a second band of channels from 14 through 83 using UHF (ultra high frequency) that are also broadcast over the air.

Tuners and Demodulation

yv tuners are used to selectively receive the television signal broadcast frequency; they will preferentially select the strongest frequency within a given channel range; if you've ever used a dial to adjust the FM radio to get a clearer signal, the television tuner does that, automatically. Once the signal has been tuned in, the signal has to be demodulated into a usable set of baseband signals and content-related signals.

Decoding and Decompression

Each ATSC broadcast signal is sent compressed via the MPEG4 standard; the signal is buffered for two to four frames worth of content and then decoded -- decoded signals work much the same way digital video and audio off of the internet is encoded. The MPEG4 standard is a combined container format that holds audio and video content that's synchronized, so that the sound plays synchronously with the video signal.

Required Equipment Latest Hollywood Movies 2017

Over the air broadcast television requires an antenna, a tuner and a display. Since 2005, U.S. regulations have required ATSC tuners be included in all sets with a size of 36 inches or larger since 2005, 25 inches or larger since 2006 and all televisions made since 2007. All made since the mid-1970s have integrated antennas; whether an external antenna is needed depends on line-of-sight to the broadcast tower, and local conditions such as hilly terrain. Per the FCC, the transition to ATSC has had minimal impact on television antenna requirements.