Landmark Cavalier Building in Historic Portland Neighborhood
Portland's neighborhood plan and Louisville Metro's Cornerstone 2020 note the importance of historic structures in neighborhood revitalization. Having lost many to demolition, Portland is committed to protecting what remains. Corner stores like the Cavalier are unique symbols of Portland’s mercantile tradition, and a time when local merchants were the life-force of neighborhoods where one resided near work, shopping areas and entertainment venues. Thus, Portland and other old city neighborhoods were precursors to the sustainable communities to which we now aspire. Destroying a viable structure and displacing an existing business, in favor of another chain dollar store, is the antithesis of smart growth. (FYI-There are currently four Family Dollar Stores and two Dollar General Stores within 1-2.15 miles. More are under consideration. )
Built in 1876 by August Schneider, this 19th century Italianate structure housed his business (A. Schneider & Company Grocers), on the first floor until the late 1890s. Like most merchants of the 19th through mid-20th century, Mr. Schneider dwelled in the neighborhood he served--above his store. Though Schneider would eventually expand his operations to include seed and feed supply on an adjacent site and lease the space to others, he would reside upstairs until 1903. Similarly, merchants who later acquired the building (e.g., Henry Becker in 1904) would usually reside above their business. With the exception of 1934, when the building stood vacant for a year, this structure would accommodate a series of small enterprises, including: W.W. Wyler Grocery (1900-1901), H. Bauer Saloon (1902), W. Egbert Saloon (1903), Becker Brothers’ Saloon (1904-1908), B.T. Jansen Grocery (1909-1911),
A.E. Ratteree & Son Drug Store (1911-1912), A.C. Woertz Druggist (1913-1921), C.R. Newkirk Drug Store (1922-1933), Fine Drug Store (1935-1960), E & J Dispensary (1960-1968) and the Cavalier Inn (1969-present).
We understand that the Commission may only designate a structure or property as a Local Landmark, if it receives a petition requesting designation which contains the verified names and addresses of no fewer than 200 residents of the of Louisville, 101 of which must live within a one mile radius of the building in question or within the council district. This is the base, minimum requirement and signatures from the general community gathered to demonstrate broad scale support of this petition will be accepted.