Mr. President, Let’s Enforce Indonesian Waste Regulations!
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Our dear President Mr. Joko Widodo,
Mr. President, let us recall the second-worst waste tragedy in the world that buried 3 villages, 71 houses heaped up, and killed 143 people in Leuwigajah, Bandung on February 21, 2005. Now, it has been 16 years since the explosion and landslide of the Final Processing Site (TPA) Leuwigajah. However, in reality, the waste issue still causes many problems, from a social, health, environmental, to economic sector that threatens Indonesia's current and future resiliency , including:
Our waste is destroying marine ecosystems
A research that was conducted by Dr. Jenna Jambeck and team from the University of Georgia (US) in 2015, stated that Indonesia was the second-largest contributor of plastic waste to the world's oceans. Regardless of the validity of the research, we can not deny that these plastics have a bad impact on the health, environment, and economy of Indonesian waters. Moreover, in early 2021, we were surprised by approximately 30 tons of trash stranded on Kuta Beach and other beaches in Bali, on which 70 percent of it was plastic waste.
Bantargebang Landfill will be closed in 2021
Approximately 7000 tons of waste enter the Bantargebang TPST every day. The DKI Jakarta Environmental Agency predicts that Bantargebang will stop operating due to overcapacity in 2021. One of the overcapacity causes is the waste that enters the Bantargebang TPST still mixed and has not been separated according to the five waste groupings, this shows that the waste management system is still not optimal from upstream to downstream.
Waste Landslide at the Cipeucang Landfill
The broken-down of the Cipeucang landfill barrier was caused by an excessive pile of garbage and caused a landslide to the Cisadane River. As we all know, the condition of the Cisadane River is very worrying seeing the amount of garbage that has accumulated on the banks and even the estuary of the Cisadane River. This was exacerbated by the landslide of the Cipeucang TPA.
Threatening human rights
Many fatalities are directly and indirectly caused by poor waste management, resulting in landslides and other impacts from mixed piles of garbage and unmanaged B3 waste.
Mr. President, there are still many countries from all over the world that have the same problem. However, there are many examples that have succeeded in overcoming waste issues. One of them is Taiwan, which was known as the “Garbage Island”. As per 2013, the waste produced every day has decreased to 0.387 kilograms, from 1,143 kilograms per person per day in 1998. One of the strategies that Taiwan adopts is quite simple, namely REGULATION LEGALIZATION AND ENFORCEMENT.
In Indonesia, there are 2 main regulations related to solid waste namely Law (UU) No. 18 of 2008 and Government Regulation (PP) No. 81 of 2012. Unfortunately, the enforcement is still far from ideal, even though both are descriptions of a solid waste system that needs to be developed to create a clean and waste-free Indonesia.
Some examples of articles of Law 18/2008 that are still not well enforced:
- Article 11 paragraph 1E (Guidance on waste management)
- Article 12 (waste management obligation of every person)
- Markets 13 and 45 (obligation to provide waste sorting facilities by area managers)
- Article 21 (waste reduction incentives and disincentives)
- Article 44 (closing of open dumping landfill that is dangerous for the environment)
Some examples of article PP 81/2012 that are still not well enforced:
- Article 10, paragraph 2 (individual obligation)
- Article 14 (responsibility of the producer)
- Article 17 paragraph 4 (provision of facilities by the government)
Through this aspiration, together with the people and the community from all over the world who care about the issue of waste in Indonesia, we would like to ask for support and invite the Mr. President to lead the realization of a good waste management system through enforcement of waste regulations in Indonesia and ensuring the fulfillment of the obligations of related parties, both from the government sector (Central, Provincial, Regional), the private sector to the community. Given the current critical condition, we hope that FOLLOW-UP on the waste issue is carried out as soon as possible and we believe that through law enforcement, TOGETHER we can create a clean, even waste-free Indonesia.
As for the momentum of commemorating National Waste Care Day, we initiated the # PESAN2021 movement to create an inclusive and collaborative solid waste management system towards achieving a Clean and Zero Waste Indonesia in 2025. To achieve these goals, we would like to convey our aspirations and recommendations for law enforcement solutions through an audience with Mr. President Joko Widodo. Let us together enforce policies to support the government's targets stated in Presidential Regulation No. 97 of 2017 about 30 percent reduction of waste and 70 percent of waste management to create a clean and waste-free Indonesia, as well as Presidential Regulation Number 83 of 2018 about Marine Debris Management.
Jakarta, 21 February 2021
The people of Indonesia and our global friends who believe in a clean, zero waste Indonesia
Selesaikan tanda tanganmu
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