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Formation of Separate State of Gorkhaland “under article 3 A&C of Indian Constitution

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WHAT IS GORKHALAND
Gorkhaland is a proposed state in India demanded by the people of the Darjeeling Hills and the people of Indian Gorkha ethnic origin .For more than a century, the hills of North Bengal, known as the District of Darjeeling, have been occupied by mostly Nepali-speaking peoples, who are of tribal Himalayan ethnicities with a different culture from the local Bengalis. We have been demanding a separate state within India for the past 110 years. Indian Gorkhas are citizens of India as per the Gazette notification of the Government of India on the issue of citizenship of the Gorkhas of India


GORKHAS OF INDIA
The Gorkhas of India are know their bravery, loyalty and dedication. We have fought in every major campaign involving the Indian Army being awarded numerous battle and theatre honours. Our Gorkha regiments have won many gallantry awards like the Param Vir Chakra and the Maha Vir Chakra. The 5 Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force), has the unique distinction of producing one of the two Field Marshals of the Indian Army, Sam Manekshaw.
Captain Ram Singh Thakuri was an Indian Gorkha freedom fighter, musician and composer,
He composed music to our National Anthem 'Jana Gana Mana'

During the J&K Op in 1947-48, Brigadier (then Major) Sher Jang thapa fought bravely for six months with this troops besieged inside Skardu fort in POK and he was awarded the Mahavir Chakra. Major Dhan Singh Thapa of the 1st battalion, 8 Gorkha Rifles, 1/8 GR, won the Param Vir Chakra for his heroic actions during the 1962 Sino-Indian conflict. The 1st battalion of the 11 Gorkha Rifles, 1/11 GR, was involved in the Kargil War of 1999 where Lt. Manoj Kumar Pandey won the Param Vir Chakra for his gallant actions to name the few


GORKHALAND TIMELINE
1907: The demand for a separate administrative unit in Darjeeling was raised for the first time. The Hillmen’s Association of Darjeeling submitted a memorandum to the Minto-Morley Reforms Commission demanding a separate administrative setup.
The association was headed by the Reverend Ganga Prasad Pradhan, Paras Mani Pradhan and others, representing the Nepali, Bhutia and Lepcha (Nebula) nationalities of the Darjeeling Hills.

1917: The Hillmen’s Association submitted a memorandum to the Bengal government and the viceroy of British India seeking the creation of a separate administrative unit comprising Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts.

1929: The Hillmen’s Association again raised the demand before the Simon Commission.

1930: A joint petition was submitted by the Hillmen’s Association, the Gorkha Officers’ Association and the Kurseong Gorkha Library to the government of India demanding separation from the province of Bengal.

1941: The Hillmen’s Association, under its president Rup Narayan Sinha, a prominent lawyer and litterateur of Darjeeling, urged the government of India to exclude Darjeeling from Bengal and make it a Chief Commissioner’s Province.

1947: India gained its independence from Britain. The still-undivided Communist Party of India submitted a memorandum to the Constituent Assembly demanding the formation of Gorkhasthan comprising Darjeeling District and Sikkim.

1952: The president of the Akhil Bharatiya Gorkha League, N B Gurung, met India’s first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and demanded the separation of Darjeeling from Bengal.

1980: Pranta Parishad of Darjeeling president Indra Bahadur Rai, a prominent civic leader and literary figure, wrote to prime minister Indira Gandhi demanding the formation of a new state in Darjeeling. At the same time, the Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF) was floated by Subash Ghisingh.

1986: The GNLF launched a violent agitation for Gorkhaland. The violence claimed 1,200 lives.

1988: The Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council Accord was signed by the GNLF, the Left Front government of West Bengal headed by chief minister Jyoti Basu, and the central Indian government under prime minister Rajiv Gandhi.

1992: Nepali was included in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution as one of the 18 or so national languages of India.

2005: A memorandum of understanding was signed by the central government in New Delhi, the Left Front government of West Bengal, and Subash Ghisingh for a special status for the Darjeeling Hills under Sixth Schedule status as per the national constitution.

2007: The political party Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) was floated by Bimal Gurung.

2008: Subash Ghisingh was ousted from the Hills and started living in the town of Jalpaiguri, West Bengal.

2010: All India Gorkha League leader Madan Tamang was publicly murdered in Darjeeling. He had supported the creation of Gorkhaland but was opposed to Bimal Gurung as its new leader.

2011: Three GJM supporters were killed by police gunfire at Sipchu in the Dooars plains. Violent agitation started. The Gorkha Territorial Administration (GTA) was formed the same year.

2012: The first GTA elections took place, and the GJM swept the polls.

2015: Bimal Gurung, chief executive of the GTA, was charged with murder, conspiracy to murder, and rioting with deadly weapons in the Madan Tamang case.

2017: Fresh agitation started in the Hills during West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee’s visit. This time, the GJM strongly opposed the state government’s decision to make the study of Bengali mandatory in schools.

 “The Gorkhas have made supreme sacrifices for the integrity of India and the safety of our country. I hereby would like to bring forward and support this cause for the “Formation of Separate State of Gorkhaland “under article 3 A&C of Indian Constitution irrespective of my caste, race, religion, geographical and political background. “



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