Free Baluch enforced disappeared Abdullah buzurgzadeh & Baluch activists

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Anita Kanitz
3 years ago
"To all the little girls who are watching, never doubt that you are valuable and powerful and deserving of every chance and opportunity in the world to pursue and achieve your own dreams." —Hillary Clinton in her 2016 concession speech

"I raise up my voice—not so I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard...we cannot succeed when half of us are held back." ―Malala Yousafzai

"You don't have to be pretty. You don't owe prettiness to anyone. Not to your boyfriend/spouse/partner, not to your co-workers, especially not to random men on the street. You don't owe it to your mother, you don't owe it to your children, you don't owe it to civilization in general. Prettiness is not a rent you pay for occupying a space marked 'female.'" —Erin McKean

"Human rights are women's rights and women's rights are human rights, once and for all." —Hillary Clinton

“What’s the worst possible thing you can call a woman? Don’t hold back, now.
You’re probably thinking of words like slut, whore, bitch, cunt (I told you not to hold back!), skank.
Okay, now, what are the worst things you can call a guy? Fag, girl, bitch, pussy. I’ve even heard the term “mangina.”
Notice anything? The worst thing you can call a girl is a girl. The worst thing you can call a guy is a girl. Being a woman is the ultimate insult. Now tell me that’s not royally fucked up.”
― Jessica Valenti, Full Frontal Feminism

The creation of gender (so-called nature) by law was systematic, sophisticated, supremely intelligent; behavior regulated to produce social conditions of power and powerlessness experienced by the individuals inside the social system as the sexual natures inside them as individuals. There were the great, broad laws; prohibiting sodomy; prescribing fucking in marriage; directing the fuck to the vagina, not the mouth or the rectum of the woman because men have mouths and rectums too; legitimizing the fuck when it produces children; each turn of the screw so to speak heightening gender polarity and increasing male power over women, fucking itself the way of creating and maintaining that power. ... Opposites were created; a hierarchy was created; intercourse expressed both the opposition and the hierarchy. Intercourse became the "natural" expression of the different "natures" of men and women, each pushed away from having a common human nature by laws that prohibited any recognition of sameness; each pushed into a sexual antagonism created by the dominance and submission that was the only intimacy they shared.

— Andrea Dworkin, Intercourse

Childbearing is glorified in part because women die from it.

Andrea Dworkin

The enslavement of women and girls since humankind exists, is funded by the enslavement of their bodies and their sexuality. It is funded by rape culture, forced marriages, child marriages, forced child births, forced FGM, paid and unpaid rape in prostitution and pornography, marital rape, sex trade, sex slavery, denied human rigths, education, gender equality and denied contraception and abortion.Denied contraception and abortion means forced childbirths, funding of rape culture and misogyny. The best contraception is to have no intercourse with men or that men and boys not rape and abuse women, girls and female childs against their will. The marriage between men and women is glorified, but in the the most cases there are domestic violence and murder, sexual violence and verbal abuse. Rape culture, marital rape, gang rapes, corrective rapes, child rapes connected with sexual and domestic violence, with underaged and forced marriages, sexual and domestic murder are common wordlwide and the normal way of life in all countries. Rape videos, sex trade and rape porns are common worldwide. Females are treated like garbage and worthless objects. In all countries there are femicides, female infanticide and the forced abortion of female babies. That's a shame for our whole planet.

Sexual violence is by definition, rape.
Having initial vaginal intercourse is painful and uncomfortable whereas clitoral stimulation is immediately pleasurable.
PiV is the default mode of our male defined views of human sexuality, not based upon a female viewpoint.
Money, power, and fame are primarily of use to males in obtaining more sex. They do not provide the same value to women.
Pregnancy is enslavement and not a forgivable excuse for rape since other forms of non violent insemination exist.

PIV (penis in vagina) intercourse is considered to be the definition of “normal” sex by doctors, psychologists, TV, and most men. But should putting the penis in the vagina be considered the only way to have sex, or even a normal way?
Let’s examine some myths:

*Having PIV is the only way to get pregnant. Not true. Sperm can swim up the vagina from the outside. Pregnancy is often caused this way.

*PIV is the most enjoyable type of sex. This is bullshit. It is enjoyable for all men, not most women. Everyone’s different, but most women like having their clitoris stimulated instead. The vagina has no nerves inside, so the pleasure a woman feels during PIV usually comes from stimulating the clitoris, too. Why not stimulate the clitoris with the penis? Both partners get pleasure. Most women do not enjoy PIV as much as clitoral stimulation; some hate PIV. Saying “PIV is pleasurable” is very opinionated, like saying “ice cream tastes good”, or “red is the best color”..."

Most women find vaginal intercourse demeaning and oppressive.

Rape pornography is extremely inhumane and pure misogyny. Here were often teens and even children brutally tortured and raped. This must strictly be punished with long prison sentences and these pages must be permanently removed from the internet. The existence of such rape porn I found out as a perverted stalker sent me this for five years such kind of rape porn mails and the sender could not be found unambiguously. This is absolutely scandalous that there are such disgusting brutal porn, at which sadists may still enjoy! This needs to stop immediately!

“The guarantee of safety in a battering relationship can never be based upon a promise from the perpetrator, no matter how heartfelt. Rather, it must be based upon the self-protective capability of the victim. Until the victim has developed a detailed and realistic contingency plan and has demonstrated her ability to carry it out, she remains in danger of repeated abuse.”
― Judith Lewis Herman, Trauma and Recovery: The Aftermath of Violence - From Domestic Abuse to Political Terror

Shocking Domestic Violence Statistics That Remind Us It’s An Epidemic, for example the U.S.:

The number of American troops killed in Afghanistan and Iraq between 2001 and 2012 was 6,488. The number of American women who were murdered by current or ex male partners during that time was 11,766. That’s nearly double the amount of casualties lost during war.

Women are much more likely to be victims of intimate partner violence with 85 percent of domestic abuse victims being women and 15 percent men. Too many women have been held captive by domestic violence — whether through physical abuse, financial abuse, emotional abuse or a combination of all three.

We are inundated with news stories about domestic violence , from athletes beating their significant others in public elevators or in their own homes to celebrities publicly abusing their girlfriends. This problem is not one that will go away quickly or quietly.

A Domestic Violence Awareness Month is not the solution, discussions about intimate partner abuse and its horrible repercussions should not end ever. In an attempt to illustrate the gravity of abuse all genders (but largely women) face in the U.S on domestic violence.

Domestic violence is not a singular incident, it’s an insidious problem deeply rooted in our culture — and these numbers prove that.

3: The number of women murdered every day by a current or former male partner in the U.S.

38,028,000:The number of women who have experienced physical intimate partner violence in their lifetimes.

4,774,000:The number of women in the U.S. who experience physical violence by an intimate partner every year.

1,509:The number of women murdered by men they knew in 2011. Of the 1,509 women, 926 were killed by an intimate parter and 264 of those were killed by an intimate partner during an argument.

18,000:The number of women who have been killed by men in domestic violence disputes since 2003.

1 in 4:The number of women who will be victims of severe violence by an intimate partner in their lifetimes.

8,000,000:The number of days of paid work women lose every year because of the abuse perpetrated against them by current or former male partners. This loss is equivalent to over 32,000 full-time jobs.

40-45:The percentage of women in physically abusive relationships who are raped and/or assaulted during the relationship.

81:The percentage of women who are stalked by a current or former male partner who are also physically abused by that partner.

70x:The amount of times more likely a woman is to be murdered in the few weeks after leaving her abusive partner than at any other time in the relationship.

“Has he ever trapped you in a room and not let you out?
Has he ever raised a fist as if he were going to hit you?
Has he ever thrown an object that hit you or nearly did?
Has he ever held you down or grabbed you to restrain you?
Has he ever shoved, poked, or grabbed you?
Has he ever threatened to hurt you?
If the answer to any of these questions is yes, then we can stop wondering whether he’ll ever be violent; he already has been.”
― Lundy Bancroft, Why Does He Do That?: Inside the Minds of Angry and Controlling Men

“The woman knows from living with the abusive man that there are no simple answers. Friends say: “He’s mean.” But she knows many ways in which he has been good to her. Friends say: “He treats you that way because he can get away with it. I would never let someone treat me that way.” But she knows that the times when she puts her foot down the most firmly, he responds by becoming his angriest and most intimidating. When she stands up to him, he makes her pay for it—sooner or later. Friends say: “Leave him.” But she knows it won’t be that easy. He will promise to change. He’ll get friends and relatives to feel sorry for him and pressure her to give him another chance. He’ll get severely depressed, causing her to worry whether he’ll be all right. And, depending on what style of abuser he is, she may know that he will become dangerous when she tries to leave him. She may even be concerned that he will try to take her children away from her, as some abusers do.”
― Lundy Bancroft, Why Does He Do That?: Inside the Minds of Angry and Controlling Men

I’m here for other children.
I’m here because I care.
I’m here because children everywhere are suffering and because forty thousand people die each day from hunger.
I’m here because those people are mostly children.
We have got to understand that the poor are all around us and we are ignoring them.
We have got to understand that these deaths are preventable.
We have got to understand that people in third world countries think and care and smile and cry just like us.
We have got to understand that they dream our dreams and we dream theirs.
We have got to understand that they are us. We are them.
My dream is to stop hunger by the year 2000.
My dream is to give the poor a chance.
My dream is to save the 40,000 people who die each day.
My dream can and will come true if we all look into the future and see the light that shines there.
If we ignore hunger, that light will go out.
If we all help and work together, it will grow and burn free with the potential of tomorrow.”
― Rachel Corrie-aged 10 — 1990

“Much of the atrocities that are committed towards Arab women occur partly because the victim does not know that she has a basic right for her body to be hers, for her privacy to be respected and for her education to be a necessity not a privilege she receives if it is financially possible after her brother has been educated.”
― Aysha Taryam

What is it like to be a child bride?
Millions of girls across the world end up as child brides, despite the practice being outlawed in many countries. But some girls are defying their families' attempts to marry them off.

Some 10 million girls a year are married off before the age of 18 across the world, according to a Unicef report released this year.

In 2011 South Africa's Archbishop Desmond Tutu, at the launch of the Girls Not Brides global initiative described child marriage as a "practice that robs millions of girls of their childhood, their rights and their dignity".
ome 40% of the world's child marriages take place in India. In the northern state of Rajasthan I witnessed the wedding of two sisters who were about six and 11 years old.

As older female relatives fussed over them - dressing them in sparkly red-and-gold outfits and applying full bridal make-up - the brides, like obedient children, quietly went along with it all.

Child marriages are illegal in India, and are punishable with a fine of Rs100,000 (£1,300) and two years in prison for anyone who performs, conducts or negligently fails to prevent a child marriage. But this didn't seem to bother any of the guests who danced merrily or the priest who solemnly chanted the wedding rites. According to a study by The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), girls in some Indian states who were married before 18, were twice as likely to report being beaten, slapped or threatened by their husbands than girls who married later.

Being forced into early marriage is one of the biggest obstacles to getting an education. For field workers of one small NGO in Rajasthan, Shiv Shiksha Samiti, encouraging girls to refuse marriage and stay on in school is crucial.

There are 10 million child marriages a year worldwide
There are at least 50 million married child couples around the world and this will double by the end of the decade
The top three countries with the highest proportion of child brides are Niger, Chad and Mali
Bangladesh is fourth and India is 13th in the world table of child marriage statistics by proportion
An estimated 14 million adolescents between 15 and 19 give birth each year. Girls in this age group are twice as likely to die during pregnancy or childbirth as women in their 20s.
5 facts about child marriage:
1. Every two seconds, a girl becomes a child bride

According to Girls Not Brides, a partnership of more than 400 civil society organizations working to end child marriage, 15 million girls a year marry before the age of 18: that makes 41,000 girls a day, or one girl every two seconds. Unless we do something to reduce those numbers, an extra 1.2 billion girls will be married by 2050.
2. 90% of adolescent pregnancies in developing countries are among married girls

When a girl bears children before she is physically or emotionally ready, it has serious consequences: girls under 15 are five times more likely to die in childbirth than women in their twenties. In fact, according to the World Health Organization, complications related to pregnancy and childbirth are the second cause of death for girls aged between 15 and 19 around the world.
3. By eliminating child marriage and early pregnancies, we could halve the gender education gap

The UN has recognized that not enough work has been done to measure the impact of child marriage on education. The research that has been done, though, suggests child marriage negatively affects a girl’s educational prospects. Based on 2006 data from Nigeria, two researchers found that child marriage accounted for up to 20% of school drop-outs. A later study by the same researchers found that the gender education gap could be cut in half if child marriage and early pregnancies were eliminated
4. Girls from poor families are almost twice as likely to marry than girls from wealthier households

Not only are girls from poor families more likely to become child brides, they’re also more likely to remain poor: “Girls who marry young do not receive the educational and economic opportunities that help lift them and their families out of poverty, and their children are more likely to undergo the same fate.”
5. The international community has committed to ending child marriage within 15 years

When the United Nations finalized the Sustainable Development Goals last September, Goal 5 committed to “achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls”. Part of that commitment was a pledge to “eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriages”. But as activists noted when Guatemala recently announced it was raising the minimum age of marriage to 18, it’s not just about changing laws: social norms must also shift. And that part can be even more challenging. In Ethiopia, for example, the legal age of marriage is 18, but nearly one in five girls are married before they turn 15.

Female foeticide in India:
Female foeticide in India is the abortion of a female foetus outside of legal methods.

The frequency of female foeticide in India is increasing day by day. The natural ratio is assumed to be between 103 and 107, and any number above it is considered as suggestive of female foeticide. According to the decennial Indian census, the sex ratio in the 0 to 6 age group in India has risen from 102.4 males per 100 females in 1961, to 104.2 in 1980, to 107.5 in 2001, to 108.9 in 2011.

The child sex ratio is within the normal natural range in all eastern and southern states of India, but significantly higher in certain western and particularly northwestern states such as Maharashtra, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir (118, 120 and 116, as of 2011, respectively). The western states of Maharashtra and Rajasthan 2011 census found a child sex ratio of 113, Gujarat at 112 and Uttar Pradesh at 111.

The Indian census data suggests there is a positive correlation between abnormal sex ratio and better socio-economic status and literacy. This may be connected to the dowry system in India where dowry deaths occur when a girl is seen as a financial burden. Urban India has higher child sex ratio than rural India according to 1991, 2001 and 2011 Census data, implying higher prevalence of female foeticide in urban India. Similarly, child sex ratio greater than 115 boys per 100 girls is found in regions where the predominant majority is Hindu, Muslim, Sikh or Christian; furthermore "normal" child sex ratio of 104 to 106 boys per 100 girls are also found in regions where the predominant majority is Hindu, Muslim, Sikh or Christian. These data contradict any hypotheses that may suggest that sex selection is an archaic practice which takes place among uneducated, poor sections or particular religion of the Indian society.

There is an ongoing debate as to whether these high sex ratios are only caused by female foeticide or some of the higher ratio is explained by natural causes. The Indian government has passed Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act (PCPNDT) in 1994 to ban and punish prenatal sex screening and female foeticide. It is currently illegal in India to determine or disclose sex of the foetus to anyone. However, there are concerns that PCPNDT Act has been poorly enforced by authorities.

Child marriage and FGM/C:
Child marriage and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) are two harmful practices which disempower millions of women and girls throughout their lives. Where they exist together, the effect on girls’ lives is even greater. On International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM, we look at what ties child marriage and FGM/C together, what makes them different, and how we can address them together.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) includes any procedure that intentionally alters female genital organs for non-medical reasons. The procedure does not have health benefits for girls but can cause severe bleeding, problems urinating, and later cysts, infections, as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk of new-born deaths.
What are the similarities between child marriage and FGM?

Both child marriage and FGM/C are driven by gender inequality and social expectations of what it means to be a girl. They are patriarchal means of controlling girls’ sexuality often linked to cultural, religious or traditional social norms.
Neither practice protects girls. Some parents and communities believe child marriage and FGM/C to be a way of protecting girls from pre-marital sex and secure a safer future for their daughters. In reality they are both violations of girls’ rights which have devastating consequences for their health, education and safety.
Both child marriage and FGM/C make girls more likely to drop out of school, and face violence, health problems, and experience complications during pregnancy.
Neither practice is endorsed by religion yet many communities interpret their faith differently and use these practices as marker of their religious identity. Getting religious leaders on board to debunk this myth is an important part of changing social norms.

“A religious leader not circumcising [sic] his daughter . . . is a much more powerful symbol than imprisoning circumcisers, or fining the family”. (Community Worker, Ethiopia.)

In some contexts, girls undergo FGM to prepare them for marriage. In these communities, there is a social belief that un-cut girls will make unsuitable wives.
However, in certain regions, girls undergo FGM before the age of 5 but do not immediately marry, suggesting that there isn’t always a direct link between the two practices.
Some communities might reject FGM but embrace child marriage and vice versa, the relationship varies from country to country and even within countries.

“The community doesn’t accept us – the elders and religious leaders don’t have a place for uncut girls. How will they ever get married?” (Mother, Oromia, Ethiopia)

Early marriage and female genital cutting in Ethiopia:

Example:Idil (age 11) has not and will not be exposed to FGM/C. Her mother experienced FGM/C and suffered a fistula following the birth of her tenth child. She has refused FGM/C for her own daughters and speaks out against the practice.

Female genital cutting: a prerequisite for marriage in many communities

Where opportunities for education and employment are few, a woman’s future depends on the marriage she makes. Tradition dictates that a woman must be sexually ‘pure’ before marriage. So parents are pressured to marry their daughters young as testament to their innocence.In Ethiopia, the health consequences of FGM/C are becoming more widely understood. But knowledge alone is not power, as one mother explained:Early marriage – and in some cases FGM/C – are embraced by many parents as measures to protect their girls from what they perceive as worse risks of pre-marital sex, destitution, abduction and sexual violence.

In some cases, these practices constitute ‘least–worst’ options for parents. Parents seek early marriage as a means to protect and provide for their girls in adolescence.
Parents face impossible choices when delaying marriage and sending their daughters to school poses this level of risk. Girls will not be free from early marriage until they can attend school in safety, until their parents have the means to feed and provide for all their daughters. Until they can give their girls the childhood that they wish for them.

Meanwhile, parents of girls resisting FGM/C stand in the face of social norms and religious beliefs that have taken root through generations.

FGM and child marriage in Senegal:
427 communities abandon child marriage and female genital cutting in Senegal.
Since April 2001, when communities first began implementing the Tostan programme in the region, there have been a number of zonal and district declarations in Oulampame, Sindian Diegoune, Bignona Goudomp, and Niaguis. All of these declarations played a key role towards the regional abandonment of FGC and child/forced marriage and support the Senegalese Government’s Action Plan for Total FGC Abandonment by 2015.The first ever regional declaration was organized by Tostan Senegal in collaboration with the communities and local authorities, including the Governor, prefects, sub-prefects of the region, the Mayor of the municipality, Presidents of Regional Councils and village chiefs, as well as CBOs working on women’s and youth issues, and in partnership with Communidad de Madrid, Johnson & Johnson, Orchid Project, UNICEF and UNFPA.On a hot and dusty morning on January 20, 2013 in Ziguinchor, a region of southern Senegal, the capital of the region (also Ziguinchor) was waking up to a grand event being organised in the centre of the city.

Rows and rows of chairs, a stage for dignitaries, a platform for speeches, banners and sound tests all to prepare for the public declaration for the abandonment of female genital cutting (FGC) and child/forced marriage by 427 communities.

The first ever regional public declaration in Senegal was to take place that day. The declaration had been planned for months and was a result of social mobilisation and awareness-raising activities about human rights and the sharing of the teachings of Tostan’s Community Empowerment Program (CEP) by communities who had implemented the programme in the region among themselves and with neighbouring villages.

Patriarchy allows child marriage and female genital mutilation to flourish
Young feminists must help steer the fight against wider issues harming girls including poverty, marginalisation and exclusion

Statistics show 30 million girls are at risk of FGM in the next decade, and, each year, about 14 million girls are forced to marry before they are ready. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN convention on the rights of the child should prevent such injustices, yet girls' basic rights to health, education and security remain unmet. As women and girls, we know that patriarchy perpetuates the idea that girls are of less value, which leads to their systematic neglect in economic, political, social, legal and educational realms.

Forcibly removing part of a girl's vagina is a way to control her sexuality, her right to choice and her right to freedom. FGM tends to happen with the complicity of families, communities and police, who not only do not report the crime, but often try to hide it. Patriarchy allows them to do this with impunity.
The commitments made at the Girl Summit on eradicating FGM and child marriage, the focus on tougher laws (including putting the onus on parents to protect girls from FGM) and increased funding for prevention programmes are important steps to combat these harmful practices. But until we link these issues to girls' lack of education, poverty, marginalisation and exclusion in the patriarchal societies in which they live, little will change.While girls can and should speak for themselves, they cannot achieve these societal changes alone. As women and girls, we must believe every girl has the right to control her body and determine her future. Young feminists and rights advocates play a key role in articulating girls' needs, raising awareness of rights, educating their families and communities, and advocating change at local, national, regional and global levels.

Young advocates of sexual and reproductive health and rights have been pushing at the highest levels of government and at the UN for the inclusion of comprehensive sex education in schools. It is the believe how to start to equip girls with the tools to challenge traditional gender roles and uphold their rights.

While it is important to lobby governments and hold them accountable through UN processes such as the creating targets to replace the millennium development goals when they expire next year, the fact that governments are signing up to a document will not in itself guarantee girls' rights. The shift from policy to individuals, families and communities respecting girls' rights must also be led by young feminists and rights advocates, in alliance with others.

'The worst pain I'd ever felt': women in Somaliland on FGM:

In Somaliland, a deeply conservative state where more than a third of households live in poverty, an estimated 98% of girls endure FGM.Hamda, a 30-year-old mother of two, speaks at seminars and workshops about the health risks of FGM, such as infections, abnormal periods and obstructed labour. ‘When a girl has her period it won’t come out properly – there will only be drops,’ says Hamda, who was cut at the age of nine. ‘When she is married the wedding night will be so, so painful … When she has a baby she will suffer again’

Any mother considering sparing her daughter the pain of FGM fears condemning her to a lifetime of isolation. ‘There was a man who found out his wife was open [uncut] on his wedding night,’ says Fatima, 50, a grandmother who moved from a village to the capital, Hargeisa. ‘The next day he sent his wife back to her parents and cut a hole in the mattress to indicate the insult he had suffered’

Fouzia was seven when she was cut. ‘As soon as I saw [the cutter] coming, the pain started,’ says the 16-year-old. ‘I thought about escaping, but I couldn’t. So I said to myself, ‘You will not die, so just bear it.’’She suffered the most severe form of FGM, which entails slicing off the inner and outer labia and stitching up the vulva, leaving only a tiny opening for urine and menstrual blood. ‘It was the worst pain I had ever felt,’ she says.

Nimah, five, with her mother, Amina, near their home in western Somaliland. Amina plans to have Nimah cut next year. Although she will opt for a less severe form of FGM called sunnah, it still involves cutting the clitoris.‘This is our culture,’ she says. ‘I can’t stop it’

Fatima, 20, is a university student studying nutrition in Hargeisa. She says that she finds the most severe form of FGM barbaric, but if she had a daughter, she would still have her cut in some form.‘A girl who has not been circumcised will be called a buuryogab. It’s an insult,’ she says. ‘Maybe by the time I have granddaughters, they won’t need to be cut’

Thorns used in the traditional FGM ceremony. Worldwide, more than 100 million women are estimated to have undergone some form of FGM. Yet in many cultures simply talking about FGM is taboo. Against this backdrop, education programmes highlighting the risks of FGM could save lives .

FGM: number of victims found to be 70 million higher than thought

Half of girls and women cut live in just three countries as Unicef statistics reveal shocking global scale of barbaric ritual!The huge global scale of female genital mutilation has been revealed in disturbing new statistics, which show at least 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone ritual cutting, half of them living in just three countries.

The latest worldwide figures, compiled by Unicef, include nearly 70 million more girls and women than estimated in 2014 because of a raft of new data collected in Indonesia, one of the countries where FGM is most prevalent despite the practice being banned since 2006.

In the analysis of 30 countries, published to mark the International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM, statistics showed women in Indonesia, Egypt and Ethiopia account for half of all FGM victims worldwide. Somalia has the highest prevalence of women and girls who have been cut – 98% of the female population between the ages of 15 and 49.Claudia Cappa, the report’s lead author, said data from Indonesia shows FGM was practised more widely than researchers thought. “In countries where data was not available, we had previously only had anecdotal evidence. We knew Indonesia has a growing population of women and girls, but I would say (these figures) are higher than expected,” she said. “It shows it is a global issue, when the focus has previously been on Africa.”
About 44 million victims of FGM around the world are aged 14 or younger, and the majority of girls who have had their genitals mutilated were cut before they were five years old, Unicef’s research found. In Guinea, where 97% of girls aged 15 to 49 are FGM victims despite the practice being outlawed, Unicef staff described seeing girls taken away from their families against their will to be cut, on the orders of village authorities. One five-year-old died from her wounds.

“Two days after this Christian community celebrated Christmas in a village, five-year-old Koumba was among 11 girls that were taken into the bush, some without their parents’ permission or knowledge, and others directly against strong parental protest, to receive their ‘initiation’,” the charity’s report said. “One day later, Koumba had bled to death before she could receive medical treatment.”Unicef said the picture was optimistic in some countries, with FGM prevalence rates declining by 41% in Liberia, 31% in Burkina Faso, 30% in Kenya and 27% in Egypt over the last 30 years.

But in real terms numbers are still rising, largely due to population growth, and if trends continue the number of girls and women suffering genital mutilation will increase significantly over the next 15 years, Unicef said.

More young women are starting to speak out against the practice. Effie, a 20-year-old Malay-Muslim, told the Guardian she felt a creeping sense of horror as she read about genital mutilation on the internet, with the realisation the procedure she saw described as a backwards cultural practice had in fact been done to her when she was too young to realise.

“When I was growing up, around eight or nine, and was starting to get curious about how bodies worked, it came as a shock to find out that my body wasn’t the same as it was when I was born because of a medical procedure carried out without my consent or knowledge,” she said.

“Mainstream discussion on the issue fell into a very clear dichotomy that painted cultures that practised FGM as backwards or cruel. These were the kinds of discussions I read on the internet, and it further compounded the horror I felt in coming to terms with my own body.”

Effie said she still believed her family, whom she described as middle class and educated but traditional, had seen cutting as a religious obligation. It is the minds of her peers, not the older generation, that she is more focused on changing.
Genital mutilation risk triples for girls and women in US, CDC study finds
Read more

“Outlawing the practice will [go] a long way, and that requires political representatives to listen to their citizens instead of shutting down discussion, but I also believe there should be an accompanying change in mindset via awareness campaigns and community engagement, because legal reform can only go so far in discontinuing a practice so ingrained in our culture,” she said.

Cappa said the struggle to change attitudes faster than population growth was extremely difficult to square with the inclusion of a target to eliminate FGM by 2030 in the UN’s new sustainable development goals.

“The risk of being subjected to the practice is going down, because of changing attitudes, but the numbers are increasing because the global population is rising.

“That makes elimination even more challenging and current efforts are not sufficient to combat this growth. FGM is happening in every continent, especially with the migration of people from traditional communities into other countries.”

In England, the government’s health statistics body found 2,421 mutilation cases were reported to health authorities between April 2015 and September 2015. Campaign group Equality Now called the numbers “the tip of the iceberg” and said it estimated about 137,000 women and girls in England and Wales have been cut, calling for better teacher training on how to spot girls at risk.
Many men and boys are the heinous meaning, only cut women and girls are good women and girls. I think, the best is, to cut these men and boys in the same way as the women and girls and so they will loose their whole genitals and the world has some childs rapists less!

Thanks for adding your voice.

ayaan baluch
4 years ago
iran is killing baloch civilians in western occupied balochistan

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Amir H Alvandi
4 years ago
For freedom

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David David
4 years ago

Thanks for adding your voice.

Massoud Najari
4 years ago
Everyone is entitled to free speech and social activism is not a crime.

Thanks for adding your voice.

mohammad amiri
4 years ago

Thanks for adding your voice.

Rahim Bandoui
4 years ago
عبداللہ بزرگزادہ، جوان بلوچی کہ ھمانند ھزاران نفر بلوچ دیگر برای دفاع از حرمت و حقوق دختران بلوچی کہ در شھرستان ایرانشھر توسط وابستگان زر و زور بطور گروھی مورد تجاوز بہ عنف قرار گرفتہ بودند جلوی فرمانداری شھرستان ایرانشھر صدای اعتراض بلند کردہ و خواستار پیگیری مسئولین امر و دستگیری و مجازات متجاوزان بودند۔ دستگیری عبداللہ بزرگزادہ جز گروگان گیری در قبال فعالیتھای مدنی برادرش آقای حبیب اللہ سربازی(بزرگزادہ) ھیچ توجیہ دیگری ندارد کہ از ھر نگاھی محکوم است و باید بدون قید و شرط در اسرع وقت آزاد گردد۔ دفاع از آزادی گروگانھای سیاسی ھمانند عبداللہ بزرگزادہ و محمد صابر ملک رئیسی وظیفہ ھر انسان دموکرات و آزادیخواہ است۔

Thanks for adding your voice.

Jamal Muhammad
4 years ago
He is innoncent

Thanks for adding your voice.

Mehran Armian
4 years ago
I'm singing because his innocent
And he must be free

Thanks for adding your voice.

Farzad baloch
4 years ago
he is innocent