stop Genocide and cleaning tigryan people in Ethiopia
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Stop crimes against Humanity! Stop the Silent Ethnic cleansing!
In 1993, a United Nations Commission of Experts mandated to look into violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia defined ethnic cleansing in its interim report S/25274 as "… rendering an area ethnically homogeneous by using force or intimidation to remove persons of given groups from the area." In its final report S/1994/674, the same Commission described ethnic cleansing as “… a purposeful policy designed by one ethnic or religious group to remove by violent and terror-inspiring means the civilian population of another ethnic or religious group from certain geographic areas.”
The Commission of Experts also stated that the coercive practices used to remove the civilian population can include: murder, torture, arbitrary arrest and detention, extrajudicial executions, rape and sexual assaults, severe physical injury to civilians, confinement of civilian population in ghetto areas, forcible removal, displacement and deportation of civilian population, deliberate military attacks or threats of attacks on civilians and civilian areas, use of civilians as human shields, destruction of property, robbery of personal property, attacks on hospitals, medical personnel, and locations with the Red Cross/Red Crescent emblem, among others.
The Commission of Experts added that these practices can “… constitute crimes against humanity and can be assimilated to specific war crimes. Furthermore, such acts could also fall within the meaning of the Genocide Convention.”
The 1998 Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court (Rome Statute) under Article 7 gives an inclusive definition to crimes against Humanity:
1. For the purpose of this Statute, ‘crime against humanity’ means any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack:
Murder; Extermination; Enslavement; Imprisonment;
- Deportation or forcible transfer of population;
or other severe deprivation of physical liberty in violation of fundamental rules of international law;
- Rape, sexual slavery, enforced prostitution, forced pregnancy, enforced sterilization, or any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity;
- Persecution against any identifiable group or collectivity on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural, religious, gender as defined in paragraph 3, or other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law, in connection with any act referred to in this paragraph or any crime within the jurisdiction of the Court;
- Enforced disappearance of persons;
- The crime of apartheid;
- Other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering, or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health.
For the purpose of paragraph 1:
- ‘Attack directed against any civilian population’ means a course of conduct involving the multiple commission of acts referred to in paragraph 1 against any civilian population, pursuant to or in furtherance of a State or organizational policy to commit such attack;
Elements of the crime
According to Article 7 (1) of the Rome Statute, crimes against humanity do not need to be linked to an armed conflict and can also occur in peacetime, similar to the crime of genocide.
The world has witnessed the devastating role the media played in the in the genocide in Rwanda which took the lives of 1 million Tutsis- 3/4th of the entire Tutsi population. Media outlets like The Newspaper Kangura as well as two radio stations; Radio-Television Libre des Mille Collines and Radio Rwanda played a r
devastating role in perpetuating the genocide.
Dr Zachary Kaufman, an attorney, legal academic, political scientist, writer, public speaker, a Professor at Yale and Harvard universities, who also worked with ICC and ICTR explains how the media perpetuated the Genocide in Rwanda:
"The media published and aired hostile propaganda that dehumanised and demonised the Tutsi. The media blamed the Tutsi for precisely what the Hutu Genocidaires were doing, which was planning and perpetrating the Genocide. As part of the dehumanisation process, the media for many years compared the Tutsi to insects and animals like hyenas, and in doing so managed to convince the Hutu to think of the former as less human."
Today as we speak, Crime against humanity and Ethnic cleansing are underway in Ethiopia - in Woldia, Kobo, Mersa against ethnic Tigray, who called Woldiya, Mersa, Kobo "home" who lived in these mentioned towns for decades. People are being slaughtered for being Ethnic Tigray; properties owned by Ethnic Tigray are torched; families are devastated; the three mentioned Towns in Ethiopia are "cleared of Ethnic Tigray"- an active Ethnic cleansing underway.
The likes of ESAT, a US-based satellite TV, are playing the exact role which The Newspaper Kangura, Radio-Television Libre des Mille Collines and Radio Rwanda played.
The world has to be aware of the silent Crimes against humanity to the extent of Ethnic cleansing which is underway in Woldiya, Mersa, Kobo, Ethiopia, as we speak, and the role the likes of ESAT are playing.
CC: UN secretary general Antonio Guterres
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) secretory General Saman Zia-Zarifi
UN Security Council President, Ambassador Kairat Umarov (Kazakhstan)
International criminal court President Zaheer Abbas
Human Rights Watch
UN Genocide Watch President- Dr. Gregory H. Stanton
UN human rights commission President- Ambassador CHOI Kyonglim
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