Please Create Jobs for Criminology Graduates in Central & State Governments of India
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Criminology, as an independent field of Study was introduced in 1959 in India at the University of Sagar, Madhya Pradesh based on the recommendations of UNESCO in cooperation with International Society of Criminology.
Even though, Criminology entered India as an academic discipline in the 20th Century, it is not new in terms of Philosophy and Culture, as India has reminiscences of Crime and Justice in Ancient Texts like Manusmiriti, Arthashastra, and Thirukkural.
Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) started offering courses in Criminology from a Social work perspective in 1954 with the support of American Criminologist Professor Walter Reckless who was invited by the Government of India to revamp the Prisons and Correctional Administration in India.
In 1972, a National Institute of Criminology & Forensic Science (NICFS) was created under the Ministry of Home Affairs and this institute started offering MA/MSc courses from 2004 in affiliation with Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, New Delhi.
The University Grants Commission (UGC) of India has approved the subject Criminology and included it in the UGC-JRF-NET Examination (Code 68).
In 2009, the Honourable Prime Minister of India and the then Chief Minister of Gujarat Shri Narendra Modi created the first Police and Security University of India in the name 'Raksha Shakti University" (RSU) at Ahmedabad, Gujarat and this is the first University in the Western India to offer Criminology courses.
However, even after 58 years of the introduction of Criminology in India, there are only Twelve Independent University Departments of Criminology (Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya Sagar (University of Sagar), Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Karnatak University, Maharaja's College, University of Mysore, University of Madras, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Rani Channama University, Raksha Shakti University, Sardar Patel University of Police, Security & Criminal Justice and Most recently Jharkhand Raksha Shakti University and Gujarat Forensic Sciences University (Only course and no department) offering courses on Criminology and few courses are offered in Colleges in some states and five universities offering Criminology by Distance Education.
Though, there are many law colleges/schools that offer Criminology it remains a pure domain of law students and there is less scope for pure criminology students as Bar Council of India has NOT recognized Criminology as Social Science (like Political Science, History and Economics) to be taught at law colleges/law schools.
Criminology students are trained in: Crime Prevention, Criminal Law, Security Management, Social Work, Constitution & Human Rights, Child Protection, Crimes against Women, Counselling and Guidance, Investigative Journalism, Social Defence, Forensic Science & Forensics Medicine, Research Methodology & Statistics, Quantitative Crime Analysis & Crime Mapping, Psychology of Crime, Environmental Crime & Laws, Bank Frauds, Victimology and Victim Assistance, Prison Administration, Police Administration, Criminal Justice Policy.
Criminology Students visit various wings of Criminal Justice System and submit reports. They also do internship with Governmental Criminal Justice Agencies/NGO's and they submit a Research based Dissertation on issues of Crime, Justice and Victimization.
In spite of the fact, that, Criminology students possess immense knowledge in the above mentioned areas, jobs are not at par with subjects like Psychology, Sociology, Social Work and Law etc.,
The job opportunities for Criminology students are bleak both in Government and Private Sector including NGO's.
Hence, We Request and Urge the Government of India and the Governments of Indian States:
1. To Appoint Criminology graduates holding BA/MA/MSc/MPhil/PhD in Criminology in various posts under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) at Bureau of Police Research and Development/National Crime Records Bureau and other similar wings of MHA as Criminologists/Policy Analysts/Research Officers/Associates.
(Recently, Raksha Shakti University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat has appointed three Criminologists as a pilot model to support the Commissionerate of Police, Ahmedabad in formulating Crime Prevention strategies. The Gujarat model may be followed by the Central and State Governments of India)
2. To Appoint Criminology graduates in various posts under Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment as Policy Analysts/Child Protection Officers/Researchers/Trainers.
3. To Appoint Criminology graduates in various commissions such as National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), National Commission for Women (NCW), and National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) as Policy Analysts/Researchers.
4. To Appoint Criminology UGC NET holders and PhD holders in Criminology as Assistant Professors / Faculty Members in the Police Training Institutions like Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, CBI Academy, NICFS, Prison Training Academies, State level Police Academies, Police Training Schools, Central Detective Training Schools etc.
5. To Create new Departments of Criminology at Universities and Colleges and appoint Criminology UGC NET holders and PhD holders in Criminology as Assistant Professors.
6. To Start Undergraduate programmes in Criminology in Government Colleges and Central Universities.
7. To Include Criminology as an Optional Subject in UPSC (Civil Services and other Examinations) and State Public Service Commissions.
8. To Recommend the Bar Council of India (BCI) to include Criminology as a Social Science Subject be taught at law colleges/law schools and Appoint Criminology graduates holding MA/MSc/MPhil/PhD in Criminology as Assistant Professors to teach Criminology and allied subjects to Law Students.
What benefits the Governments will get in appointing Criminology graduates?
- Evidence based Crime Policy is the norm of the day and the appointment of Criminology graduates will help the governments formulate crime policies in a scientific manner.
- Translational Criminology (Evidence based Policing - Researchers and policing partnership - Translating Research in to Practice) will yield better results in Crime prevention and Crime Control.
- The Effectiveness and Efficiency of the Criminal Justice System will improve and it will instill confidence in the minds of the Citizens and potential Voters.
- Fear of Crime will reduce and people will trust the police and justice systems.
- A body of knowledge will develop and in the future there will be more Criminologists in the country who will help and assist in the polices on justice and victim assistance.
- Criminologists as Trainers in the Police academies will instill the core theoretical criminological components and the police trainee will enhance his/her skills to hit the roots of the crime problem rather than the branches.
- Faculty Members and Students of Criminology Departments in the Universities and Colleges will assist the local police departments in crime prevention and will assist in community policing.
- Criminology Students will create more awareness among the public in areas such as crime prevention, victimization prevention and thereby will reduce the fear of crime and victimization.
- Research in Criminology will increase in the country and it will benefit in the long turn in making effective public policies.
- Criminologists will not only assist in policing, but also in allied areas such as women and child development, correctional administration, social work, health, urban planning, and local governance.
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