Letter of Gratitude to Hon'ble Prime Minister for Citizen Amendment Act, 2019- (CAA-2019)
Letter of Gratitude to Hon'ble Prime Minister for Citizen Amendment Act, 2019- (CAA-2019)
Subject: - Letter of Gratitude TO Hon’ble Prime Minister & Hon;ble Home Minister; Hon’ble Parliament Affair Minister Indian Citizen Amendment Act 2019-(CAA 2019)
We would also like to THANKS our Hon’ble Prime Minister & Hon;ble Home Minister; Hon’ble Parliament Affair Minister Shri Prahlad Joshi Ji & Shri Arjun Ram Ji Meghwal for passing of Indian Citizen Amendment Act 2019.
Passage of Indian Citizen Amendment Bill 2019 ensures justice to persecuted minority in neighboring countries including Pakistan who migrated to India to save their and their families’ lives. The CAA Bill 2019 is not only boon for persecuted minority but also for lower caste and generation to come. It is pertinent to mention herein that more than 70% migrants are lower caste who are called ‘Schedule Caste in India who came from Pakistan.
Legal seal to their resident in India is the act of God done for humanity and the universe will remember for centuries to come.
We live in an era where information flows almost unbounded and in copious volume. The world continues to change with ever accelerating speed. We feel uncertain. The challenge is to discern, sense-make, and find clarity. The term “fake news” is oxymoronic – because fake news is not news at all but lies. Putting on a sheep’s coat does not make these falsehoods true. And yet we have seen time and again, how misinformation can have serious impact on people’s lives.
The opposite Parties including Congress Party always spread lies and claimis to be a pro-people from Lower Caste party but had it been they are pro-people from Lower Caste , they should have supported the CAA Bill 2019 with full support. The act of congress party & opposite party are highly condemnable.
Indian Citizen Amendment Act 2019- A Boon for lower Caste migrants from Pakistan
- More than 70% migrants are ‘People from Lower Caste ’ –Are they mostly persecuted minority in Pakistan? Why?
· People from Lower Caste in Pakistan mostly belong to the Hindu minority and fall victim to double discrimination due to their religious status - as non-Muslims in a Muslim state – as well as their caste.
- Discrimination against Women from Lower Caste: -
· Woman from Lower Caste in Pakistan experience multiple forms of discrimination as they are discriminated on the basis of caste as well as gender.
- Forced conversions:
· A key concern is the problem of forced conversion of minority women under the disguise of marriage of choice.
· Minority women in general and Hindu and scheduled caste girls in particular are subject to forced conversions and sexual abuse. This trend has increased in recent years. The worst victims are Scheduled Caste Hindu girls who are kidnapped or lured into conversion, sexually exploited and then abandoned.
· In a recent Universal Periodic Review- UPR report, it is estimated that on average some 700 Christian and 300 Hindu girls are forcibly converted to Islam each year in Pakistan.
· Even the courts are complicit in this, by nullifying women’s previous nonIslamic marriages and recognizing their forced marriages instead (ALRC and Act-France, UPR 2012).
- Education: -
· Statistics show that 74 percent of the Scheduled Castes are virtually illiterate. Of the 26 percent who claimed to be literate, 15 percent are just passed primary education, followed by only 4 percent with middle class education and another four percent are metric passed.
· According to a study on caste discrimination in Pakistan released in 2008, 87% of People from woman from Lower Caste and 63.5 % of men from Lower Caste are illiterate.
· The national primary enrollment rate for girls stands at 48% while only 10 % of People from Lower Caste girls have had access to primary schooling.
· Less than 1% of woman from Lower Caste have studied up to eighth grade.
- Land Ownership: -
· 83 percent Scheduled Caste population did not own even a small piece of land. The land ownership by the remaining 17 percent is also very small as 90 percent of the Scheduled Caste land owners own a very small piece of land between one and five acres.
- Bonded Labour:-
· The latest UNDP Human Development Report 2006 has ranked Pakistan in 134 position with an index value of 0.539 out of 177 countries in terms of its Human Development Index (HDI).
· In Pakistan, definition of bondage or bonded labour generally focuses on debt bondage under which poor workers are coerced into a situation where they are compelled to work against their wishes not only for years but also for generations with restricted movement and no freedom of choice. The Law, Bonded Labour (Abolition) System Act 1992 in Pakistan also accepts compulsory work against credit as bonded labour.
- Reasons of Bondage:-
· Caste:- One of the major reasons of bondage is discrimination on the basis of caste. The other main reason is poverty. Link between bondage and caste is obvious because majority of bonded labourers released so far belong to lower castes. A sample survey (PILER sample survey of released bonded haris in camps around Hyderabad July 2000.) of 1,000 households of the released reveals that a vast majority, 843 households or 84 percent were Scheduled Castes.
- Poor Health: -
· Health conditions of Scheduled Castes communities are very poor as frequent illness is reported among the Scheduled Castes households. Since they live in localities with no sewerage and hygienic facilities due to negligence of authorities, they are more vulnerable to diseases and often suffer from deadly diseases like tuberculosis and Hepatitis-B and C.
- Housing: -
· The housing conditions of socially excluded groups such as Scheduled Castes are very poor. They do not have their own houses, they live on work place, and when the job is finished, they are dislocated. Again, there are no segregated data available regarding housing conditions of Scheduled Castes, the survey conducted for the purpose of this study reveals that they live in pathetic conditions. There is hardly any basic infrastructure such as water supply or sanitation available in Scheduled Castes villages. In many areas, they are without electricity. The houses are Katcha without any toilet or sewerage facilities. Even potable drinking water is not available in the settlements of Scheduled Caste.
- Denial of Access to Basic Public Services: -
· Access to the basic public services is unequal and discriminatory and this is in clear violation of article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which says “everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.”
· The very status of the Scheduled Caste and lower caste in Pakistan makes it difficult to have equal access to these services. Because being a Scheduled Caste itself is a big disadvantage in Pakistani society.
- Discriminatory Treatments in Public Services: -
· An overwhelming majority 79 percent of the Scheduled Caste population say they face discriminatory treatment of one or another kind.
· The Scheduled Castes are not only landless, but they are also without shelter. They are not only without land for cultivation but they do not own even a small piece of land where they can build their own homes. It is also interesting to note that the land where they are living for centuries is not theirs own land officially.
- Discrimination in Curriculum:-
· The curriculum is one area where discrimination on the basis of religion is very obvious. Pakistani People from Lower Caste students become the worst victims as they are compelled to study 72 subjects and lessons contrary to their belief. The curriculum starting from primary education to higher education is biased in nature.
- Fulfillment of Ambedkar’s dream:-
CAA is somewhat fulfillment of Ambedkar’s dream. He was worried about the minorities in Pakistan, especially Dalit Hindus, he wanted them to be taken back to Bharat-India.
· Before delving further into the Constituent Assembly debates, it’s imperative to outline what Dr BR Ambedkar said about the direction members should take while discussing citizenship provisions.
“Now, Sir, this article refers to, citizenship not in any general sense but to citizenship on the date of the commencement of this Constitution. It is not the object of this particular article to lay down a permanent law of citizenship for this country. The business of laying down a permanent law of citizenship has been left to Parliament,” said the Chairman of the Drafting Committee on August 10, 1949.
· Throughout the debate on Article 5-11 (citizenship) of the Constitution, which for the best part were discussed on 10, 11 and 12 August 1949, the ghost of Partition kept returning.
· For example, PC Deshmukh passed an amendment stating “every person who is a Hindu or a Sikh and is not a citizen of any other State shall be entitled to be a citizen of India.
Once again, a big THANK YOU Sir for this historical Bill & act for humanity. We, the people of India, are fortunate enough to have you, Hon’ble Prime Minister and Hon’ble Home Minster as our law maker and policy maker.
- Reference: -
1. Long behind Schedule: A study on the plight of schedule Caste Hindus in Pakistan
2. Schedule Caste woman in India-Denied a life in dignity and respect:- An Alternative Report submitted to CEDAW Committee for the examination of the 4th Periodic Report of Pakisthan at the 54th CEDAW session in Feb 2013