Delay the legalization of Cannabis 延遲實施大麻合法化
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With the views that the federal government is likely to legalize marijuana on July 1, 2018, our group takes the stand to oppose legalization on the grounds that:
1. It sends out a wrong message to the youth that smoking marijuana is harmless.
2. The Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police has openly stated that the law enforcement departments are not ready by July 1, 2018.
3. Once the gate of legalization is opened, it cannot be reverted back even if it has caused many social problems.
Hence, our group urges the federal government to postpone or suspend legalizing marijuana before the regulatory system and law enforcement are ready to avoid social problems from arising.
If the federal government insists on passing Bill C-45 in next July and making marijuana legal, our group asks the federal government to meet these conditions:
1. Set the minimum age of consumption at 21.
2. Prohibit personal cultivation at home.
3. Disclose to the taxpayers in clear terms about the expenses that may arise from legalization of marijuana.
1. 在法案中刪除容許在家種植4株大麻, 禁止在家中種植大麻
If the federal government insists on legalizing marijuana in 2018, our group asks the B.C. government to adopt the following 15 recommendations in order to protect public interest :
1. Do not give the green light to the legal use and possession of marijuana ahead of the federal government.
2. Put pressure on the federal government to postpone legalization until the above-mentioned issues have been clarified.
3. Clearly inform the public the cost that may arise from the legalization of marijuana.
4. Set stricter rules related to marijuana use than those on smoking and drinking.
5. Set the minimum age of consumption and buying/selling of marijuana at 21.
6. Set the maximum number of marijuana plants to be cultivated by premises, not by household.
7. Protect the legal rights of landlord (including strata council) to forbid tenants to cultivate, consume, and buy/sell marijuana.
8. Prohibit smoking or cultivation marijuana in any buildings (such as apartment) with central air ventilation system.
9. Prohibit cultivation, smoking of marijuana and the use of marijuana related products in any places children may reside or may be around such as schools, parks, community centres and other recreational facilities.
10. Prohibit marijuana products made in the form of candies, cookies, foods or drinks.
11. Require any products contained with marijuana must be clearly labeled and carry health warnings similar to cigarettes.
12. Be strict on illegal marijuana operations.
13. Allow marijuana to be sold at designated locations only.
14. Be strict on impaired driving under the influence of marijuana.
15. Delegate municipalities with the authority to make stricter bylaws on the cultivation, consumption and buying/selling of marijuana according to the wish of their residents.
If the federal government insists on legalizing marijuana in 2018, our group urges the municipalities to adopt the following 6 recommendations to protect public interest:
1. Do not give the green light to the consumption and possession of marijuana ahead of the municipalities to the federal government.
2. Ask for the maximum authority to regulate marijuana within its jurisdiction
3. Prohibit the cultivation and consumption of marijuana in places where children may reside or enter, including schools, parks, community centres, or recreational facilities.
4. Require a licence for commercial or personal cultivation of marijuana
5. Set up strict bylaws to regulate the sale and consumption of marijuana
6. Be strict on illegal on illegal marijuana operation
“July 2018 Marijuana Legalization Concern Group” is opposed to legalization of marijuana as it contradicts public interest. However, if the Trudeau government insists to pass Bill C-45, our Concern Group requests the Federal government to fulfill the following criteria and rationale:
1. Set 21 the Minimum Legal Age For Marijuana Consumption
· This synchronizes with the views of professional healthcare workers from the Canadian Medical Association, the Canadian Mental Health Association, and Canadian Pediatric Society. They all agree that the brain development of youth will not be fully mature until the age of 25. Consuming cannabis prematurely will intervene brain development and have detrimental effects on cognitive abilities including memory retention, cognitive speed, visual and spatial processing and overall intelligence. It also increases risks of mental illness. Consuming marijuana at a young age also increases the risk of marijuana dependency in the long run.
· Christina Grant, Pediatrics Professor and major author of the Canadian Pediatric Society’s statement on marijuana legalization said, “We already know that in every 7 people who started taking marijuana since youth, 1 will develop illness associated with marijuana. This is a very substantial figure.” Anne McLellan, former Federal Minister of Justice who led the marijuana legalization task force also admitted that, Canadian Medical Association has clearly recommended to set the minimum legal age of marijuana consumption to 21 due to the harmful impact marijuana brings to young people’s brain development; however, the Liberal government obviously ignored the medical professionals’ suggestions based on medical evidence.
· 這與加拿大醫學會（Canadian Medical Association）、加拿大心理健康協會（The Canadian Mental Health Association）、加拿大兒科學會（Canadian Pediatric Society）等專業醫護人員協會的意見基本一致。認為 腦部發展要到25歲才完全成熟，過早吸食大麻會對大腦發育造成干擾，對注意力、記憶力、思考速度，視覺空間功能和整體智力等認知能力帶來負面影響；增加患上精神病風險， 以及年輕人過早吸食，會增加長遠倚賴大麻的風險。
· 加拿大兒科學會有關大麻合法化聲明的主要撰寫人、兒科教授格蘭特（Christina Grant）曾表示：「我們已確知每7個在青少年期間開始使用大麻的人中，有1人會發展出與使用大麻有關疾病，這是一個非常重要的數字」。 帶領大麻合法化專責小組的前聯邦司法部長麥蘭倫（Anne McLellan）也承認，加拿大醫學會以大麻損害年輕人腦部發展為由，明確建議把最低買麻年齡設於21歲，但自由黨政府明顯沒有理會醫療專家基於醫學證據所提出的建議。
2. Ban Personal Cultivation
· The Federal Liberal government’s proposed Cannabis Act allows adults to grow a maximum of 4 plants per residence. We opposed to this suggestion and share the same view with the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police.
· The Chiefs of Police have requested clearly to remove the personal cultivation provision on the Parliament’s Standing Committee on Health in September this year, as it would lead to multiple risks including “increasing youth’s contact of cannabis, safety and health risks such as mold infestation and fire hazards, excessive production of marijuana, smuggling and drug dealing”.
· Allowing homegrown marijuana will also lead to profound social problems. For instance, impact on house price and insurance on properties where marijuana were once grown. According to current regulations, medical marijuana patients can grow pot at home without landlord’s consent. Once it is legalized, will renters in general have such rights? How are landlords’ rights protected? Will landlords suffer from house price and home insurance cost? Will condo and townhouse strata council be given rights to set bylaws to ban landlords or renters to grow marijuana in their properties? How to prevent and regulate people who grow more than 4 plants and re-sell them to make a profit?
· Allowing and treating homegrown marijuana as if any other plants would increase children’s risk to the contact of marijuana and inhaling second hand weed smoke. Youth can have easy access to marijuana and smoke; they may bring them to school and party, and give them out as gifts or even sell them to peers, which would make it even harder to regulate.
· The Federal Liberal party stated in their 2015 election platform that it is necessary to legalize marijuana to prevent children and youth from getting access to the drug. However, setting the minimum legal consumption age at 18 would inevitably make it easier on the contrary, and indeed subject youth to an environment with drugs readily available. Moreover, allowing 4 homegrown marijuana plants would even highly increase children’s access to marijuana and increase the chance of both children and youth to smoke second hand marijuana smoke indoor. Obviously, this violates the Liberal’s campaign promise of keeping young people away from the harmful impact of drugs.
· 聯邦自由黨政府所提出的大麻合法化法案，建議容許在家中種植4棵大麻，我們反對有關建議，這立場與加拿大警察局長協會（Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police）一致
3. List Out the Government Costs Incurred By
Marijuana Legalization In Details
When Justin Trudeau motioned about marijuana legalization, “taking the benefits out of the control of criminal gangs” is one of his biggest rationale; however, as legalization is soon become a reality, his government attempts to down play the expectation of the associated government revenue. Trudeau even admitted in a meeting with Premiers of each province and territories in the beginning of October that marijuana legalization would “incur a large amount of new costs”. The Premiers also said, the cost of regulation and enforcement is enormous, but still the Federal government has not yet disclosed to taxpayers in full details what these new costs really are.
Also, associated public health products would also incur huge and long-term costs to our healthcare system. Prior to legalization, the Federal Ministry of Health should clearly explain to taxpayers about the long-term healthcare cost it will bring.
4. Postpone Or Hold On To Marijuana Legalization Until The
Above Criteria Concerning Canadians’ Long-term Well-being Have Been Fulfilled
Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police has succinctly stated in the Parliament’s Standing Committee on Health in September that, if the Federal Liberal insisted to legalize marijuana in summer next year, the police force has no capacity to be ready, and they requested to delay legalization. In July earlier this year, in the Premiers’ annual national meeting, all the premiers in attendance unanimously said, if the Federal Liberal government is not able to provide concrete details about the Act, legalization should be postponed.
2018 July Marijuana Legalization Concern Group
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