Change the prison system so there is more rehabilitation put in place

0 personas han firmado. ¡Ayuda a conseguir 25.000!

The prison system is in crisis; there is overcrowding, lack of mental health support, high suicide rate, lack of experience in officers and a sharp increase in drug use. Our prisons are not supporting the vulnerable people within them and are not providing rehabilitation services to help make our society safe again.

At this point in time, sentenced prioners have a suicide rate of almost six times the rate of males out of prison in the general population. "They took him away and they didn't look after him - and now he's gone" was something said by the mum of a 19 year old prisoner who commited suicide.People who break the law have a lot of risk factors for suicidal behavior and are not given the support they need while imprisoned, approximately 20 percent of inmates in jails have a serious mental illness. These vulnerable offenders are not given the resources they need to be rehabilitated and be deemed safe to be let back into society. This leads to a high reoffending rate (nearly half of adults (48%) are reconvicted within one year of release. For those serving sentences of less than 12 months this increases to 64%). This creates an unsafe society and leads to a higher crime rate, directly affecting the general public who pay for the prison service; across England and Wales, it costs an average of £ 37,543 a year to keep a prisoner in jail. Therefore the more people we can keep out of jail, the lower the cost on the economy, one way to do this is to lower the reoffending rate. 

Furthermore, only one in four people (27%) people released from prison in 2014–15 had a job to go to. This means that the ex-offenders are more likely to fall back into drugs or crime as they believe it is the only way to survive and make money, evidence shows ex-prisoners in work are less likely to reoffend. Many people in prison are also released with debts which have built up during their sentence - adding to the problems they face on release. These include outstanding purposes, rent or mobile phone contracts. Inspectors found that in many cases no action was taken before release, despite problems being apparent at the start of a sentence. These issues show an obvious lack of rehabilitation that needs to be sorted as soon as possible to prevent the huge costs of prison on society and help to make society safe again.

The best way to solve this crisis in the prison system is to provide more rehablitation services to ex-offenders. A succesfull example of this is in Norway, fewer than 4,000 of the country's 5 million people were behind bars as of August 2014. It also has one of the lowest recidivism rates in the world at 20% .. The country relies on a concept called "restorative justice," which aims to repair the harm caused by crime rather than punish people. This system focuses on rehabilitating prisoners. Their prison facilities try to maintain as much "normalcy" as possible. That means no bars on the windows, kitchens fully equipped with sharp objects, and friendships between guards and inmates. For Norway, removing people's freedom is enough of a punishment. They also provide vocational qualifications for prisoners to help support prisoners when they are let back into society. In my opinion I believe the UK should try and learn from Norway to stop the crisis.