Free Jimmy Dennis: Innocent on Death Row
In Philadelphia on October 22, 1991, a young woman named Chedell Williams went to the Fern Rock subway station to buy a transit pass. At approximately 1:50 p.m. she was approached by two men, one of whom demanded her gold earrings and shot her. These two men then ran to a getaway car, where a third accomplice drove them away. By all accounts, the crime took place in mere seconds, and in those few seconds, Miss Williams tragically lost her life. She was only 17.
Jimmy Dennis was convicted of this crime and given a death sentence, yet he has steadfastly maintained his innocence. After several months of thoroughly studying his case, collecting and reading the documents (including police statements, the trial transcript, and appeal brief), we- an international volunteer group of supporters- have concluded that the facts in this case fully support his innocence. There is simply no reason to believe that Jimmy Dennis had anything whatsoever to do with this murder. In the meantime, we have exchanged many letters with Jimmy, and have traveled to Waynesburg, Pennsylvania, to meet him personally.
He has languished on death row since 1992 (not including a year he spent in jail awaiting trial), confined to his cell for 22 to 23 hours a day. We are horrified that the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania intends to kill an innocent man. We hope that if enough people become aware of this case, the public outcry for justice would not only assist in preventing Jimmy’s execution, but would also help secure his release.
At the time of his arrest, Jimmy was 21 years old. As a member of a music group called Sensation, he had a promising future. He was looking forward to the birth of his daughter, who was born about a week after Jimmy was imprisoned; sadly, he has never spent a full day with her.
1. Jimmy was a complete stranger to the victim and witnesses. No evidence was presented at the trial to connect Jimmy with the victim and/or with the witnesses.
2. There is no physical evidence linking Jimmy Dennis to this crime.
No car - The getaway car was described by witnesses as a gold or tan 4-door Chevy Malibu or Caprice with a Pennsylvania license plate ending in 988. Jimmy neither owned a car nor had a license. The vehicle used in the crime was never connected in any way to Jimmy, nor was it ever located.
No weapon - The gun used at the crime was never recovered, nor was any gun found among Jimmy’s possessions.
No fingerprints - A button was torn from Miss Williams’ clothes. Either the state never tested the button for fingerprints or the results were never made known to the defense.
No earrings - The earrings that were allegedly stolen from Miss Williams were never found, and there is no evidence that Jimmy ever had them in his possession.
3. There is no evidence linking Jimmy with a previous incident in which the earrings were stolen.
Chedell Williams’ former boyfriend, Walter Gilliard, testified at the trial that Miss Williams’ earrings had been stolen previously, in June of 1991, just four months prior to her murder. Mr. Gilliard testified that Miss Williams had once pointed out to him who stole the earrings. Gilliard testified that Jimmy wasn’t this person. (Gilliard also stated that he learned on the street who purchased the earrings from the thief, and he had repurchased them for Miss Williams for approximately $125.)
4. Jimmy, who is 5'4", doesn’t match the eyewitnesses’ descriptions.
The "evidence" against Jimmy consisted almost entirely of eyewitness testimonies of three people who were strangers to Jimmy: Zahra Howard, Thomas Bertha and James Cameron. At the trial, all three identified Jimmy as the shooter, despite the fact that his physical characteristics did not match their original descriptions given to the police. Witnesses who identified other suspects were not called to testify.
Zahra Howard, who had accompanied Miss Williams to the Fern Rock Station, told police that the shooter was as tall as or taller than the detective who interviewed her. According to police notes, this meant that the murderer was 5'9" or 5'10". Miss Howard testified at a preliminary hearing that she saw the shooter’s face for 5 seconds.
Thomas Bertha testified at the trial that he told the police the shooter was 5'9" and weighed approximately 180 pounds. Mr. Bertha testified at a preliminary hearing that he saw the shooter’s face for just 1 second.
James Cameron didn’t give a description of the murderer’s height and weight in the original police statement, but his description of the shooter’s jacket doesn’t match that of Zahra Howard. Mr. Cameron testified at a preliminary hearing that he saw the shooter’s face for 20 seconds.
Jimmy Dennis’ height was established at the trial as 5'5" with dress shoes. Pennsylvania’s Department of Corrections website states that Jimmy is 5’4.” Jimmy weighed approximately 130 pounds at the time of the murder. Witnesses described the shooter as having very dark skin, unlike Jimmy’s lighter complexion. Yet, the prosecutor, Roger King, told jurors to dismiss such details. He told them it wasn’t a case about weight, race and height, but rather about the right to take public transportation.
5. As DNA evidence has repeatedly helped prove, eyewitness stranger identification is notoriously unreliable.
When shown a photo spread and asked to identify the murderer, Zahra Howard selected Jimmy’s picture and stated, “This one looks like the guy, but I can’t be sure.” When the police detective asked, “Can you be sure that this is in fact the guy that shot Chedell?”, Miss Howard replied, “No.”
When shown a photo spread, James Cameron stated, “Number one looks familiar, but I can’t be sure.”
6. Shanaqua Ramsey, a high school friend of Zahra Howard, has given a statement that Miss Howard told her that she was not sure she picked out the right person from the photo spread. According to Miss Ramsey, Miss Howard said that she really did not get a good look at the person because all she saw was “pulling and tugging.”
7. The defense did not call any of several witnesses of the murder to testify at the trial, including David LeRoy, Dr. Clarence Verdell, and George Ritchie. These witnesses either failed to identify Jimmy as the assailant or identified someone else.
David LeRoy, a hot dog stand owner who witnessed the crime, described the assailant as 5'10" and wearing a red and white jacket or red jacket with a white shirt. LeRoy gave a statement that the murderer was “a little taller” than the victim. Chedell Williams was 5'10". However, he insisted that the crime happened so fast that he “only caught a glimpse of these males.” He refused to select anyone from the police officers’ photo spreads, saying, “I will not make an identification that could wrongly affect someone’s life.”
Dr. Clarence Verdell selected another suspect from the photo spread. Furthermore, Dr. Verdell states that there were as many as ten other witnesses giving descriptions to the police on the day of the murder.
George Ritchie described the assailants as being 5'9" or 5"10" in height and weighing approximately 170 to 190 pounds.
Yet Mr. LeRoy, Dr. Verdell, and Mr. Ritchie were NOT called to testify.
James Cameron said that there were as many as 50 witnesses to the crime. Sergeant John Fetscher testified that he could conservatively estimate that hundreds of people would have been present at the station at the time of the crime, yet only three (Zahra Howard, James Cameron, and Thomas Bertha) testified at the trial.
8. Jimmy lacked a motive to rob or murder anyone.
George Pratt was a promoter, producer and manager in the production and entertainment division of G. W. Management. He had his own record label. Mr. Pratt testified that at the time of Jimmy’s arrest, he had a verbal contract with Jimmy and was in the process of completing a written contract with him to produce gospel music.
The Sensation group members gave statements and trial testimony that the group practiced singing and dance steps for 4 ½ to 9 hours every day.
9. Charles Thompson and police coercion
Charles Thompson was a member of Jimmy’s singing group, Sensation. On November 8, 1991, Charles Thompson gave a statement to the police that he had seen Jimmy with a gun on the night of the murder during the singing group’s rehearsal. Mr. Thompson also testified to this at Jimmy’s trial in 1992.
On January 24, 1996, Mr. Thompson retracted his statement and his 1992 trial testimony, explaining that his original statement was a result of intimidation. In his recantation, he states that he was handcuffed to a chair and badgered for hours by five police officers, who were insisting that he implicate Jimmy or face murder charges himself. He ultimately decided to tell the police officers “what they wanted to hear and just get out and not be charged with anything.” He insists that he has never seen Jimmy with a gun, and that he attempted to retract his statement prior to the trial. Mr. Thompson explains: “It was in my conscience, I couldn’t sleep and get it out of my mind. It was like a monkey on my back.” However, Mr. Thompson states that the prosecutor, Roger King, told him that nothing could be changed in his statement.
Charles Thompson had a motive to lie about Jimmy. At the time of his statement to the police in 1991, there were charges against Mr. Thompson for assault of a pregnant woman. These charges were dropped prior to Jimmy’s trial. At the time of the trial in 1992, Mr. Thompson had been charged with a felony involving drugs. Mr. Thompson confessed in his recantation that he was expecting help with his drug case because he was helping them (the prosecution).
10. Police did not immediately arrest Jimmy after getting Mr. Thompson’s statement, nor is there any mention of Charles Thompson in the arrest warrant.
Charles Thompson gave his statement to the police on November 8, 1991. Though his statement later became a focal point in the trial, there is no mention of Mr. Thompson’s statement in the arrest warrant dated November 22, 1991. This corroborates Mr. Thompson’s recantation; that is, the fact that the police didn’t include Thompson’s statement in the arrest warrant supports Thompson’s insistence that his original statement was coerced. There also is no reasonable explanation as to why the police didn’t immediately arrest Jimmy after obtaining Thompson’s November 8 statement. In fact, Jimmy wasn’t arrested until November 23. Furthermore, any evidence mentioned in the arrest warrant was available to the police as early as October 28.
11. All of the other members of Jimmy’s singing group testified at the trial that Charles Thompson was lying and that they never saw Jimmy with a gun.
12. Where are the accomplices? Though there were a number of other potential suspects, and witnesses agreed that three people were involved, no one else was ever charged with this crime.
13. Jimmy voluntarily went to the police when he heard the rumors and they told him not to worry, that he's not a suspect.
14. Jimmy’s case was not properly investigated by the defense. The lack of preparation is evident in the fact that numerous witnesses who should have been called to testify on Jimmy’s behalf were not contacted. In 1991, Jimmy’s attorney, Mr. Lee Mandell, had 46 active court-appointed cases, not including his private practice.
15. Jimmy Dennis has always maintained his innocence. He was unwilling to accept any plea bargains or deals.
16. Jimmy’s alibi is supported by at least three other individuals. However, LaTanya Cason, who was merely an acquaintance of Jimmy’s, unintentionally gave false information at Jimmy’s trial due to her misinterpreting a time stamp on a bank check, which was stamped in military time. Jimmy knew that he saw Ms. Cason at approximately 2:00 pm on the day of the murder. Ms. Cason testified that after leaving work that day, she cashed a check and did some shopping. She estimated that she saw Jimmy about an hour after cashing her check, which was stamped 13:03. Falsely believing that 13:03 meant 3:03 pm, Ms. Cason testified that she saw Jimmy between 4:00 and 4:30 pm. She has since given a statement rectifying her mistake, stating that she would have seen Jimmy between 2:00 and 2:30 pm, which supports Jimmy’s alibi.
17. Police were pressured to find a murderer. This was a high profile case in Philadelphia. The local media focused on this crime and portrayed Jimmy as the killer even before the trial, which was held in Philadelphia.
18. The conduct and words of Roger King, the prosecutor, were so inflammatory that Pennsylvania’s State Supreme Court nearly overturned Jimmy’s case on the basis of Mr. King’s startling behavior. Here are some quotes: “And as I said in my opening, stick a fork in him and turn him over. He will be done when you say he is done.” And, “We’re talking about the right to take public transportation. . .’cause this is what this case is about, ladies and gentlemen. It’s not about race, it’s not about size and height.”
One juror mentioned in a statement that other jurors slept during various parts of the trial. No reprimand regarding this was given by the judge to the jurors, as such instruction is absent from the transcripts.
19. Several individuals gave statements to the police, but these statements were never produced for the defense to review.
Victim's aunt and uncle told the police that Zahra Howard, one of the main witnesses, told them only two days after the murder that she recognized the perpetrators from her high school and that "Kim" and "Quinton" had been there. Jimmy never went to the same school as Ms Howard and Ms Williams. Another of Ms Williams' aunts told the police that Ms Howard mentioned Kim and Quinton's presence and said that the getaway car had been following her and Ms Williams for a week. These statements were withheld from the defense.
W. F. gave several statements to the police implicating three other men. These statements had credible information like where on her body Ms Williams was shot, he referred to her as "Kev's" girlfriend and she was dating someone named Kevin, he described the three men as taller than 5'7''. At least one of these men knew Zahra from high school. The prosecution withheld these statements from the defense which learned about them a decade after the trial.
20. Numerous individuals appeared at Jimmy’s trial and testified to his good conduct and character in the community. Unfortunately, Mr. Mandell did not give all of the people an opportunity to testify individually. In the interest of time (which should not have been a factor, considering Jimmy’s life was at stake), Mr. Mandell had several of Jimmy’s friends and family members agree in unison that they could attest to Jimmy’s good character in his community without actually having them take the stand. In any case, 26 people either testified on Jimmy’s behalf or publicly vouched for Jimmy’s good character at his trial.
Jimmy’s pastor, Rubin Jones, stated that he knew Jimmy all his life and that Jimmy was a member of his church, the Christian Tabernacle Church of God in Christ. He testified that Jimmy had been an active member of the choir and in the last couple of years had attended the church’s services “about every time the door opened.”
21. Though this final point is not objective evidence, we the members of "Justice for Jimmy, International”-- a global volunteer-based support organization-- have had the opportunity to read hundreds of letters from Jimmy and to meet him in person. We are privileged to know Jimmy and consider him a good friend. Our intense study of his case in the last few years and our own personal knowledge of his character have caused us to conclude that not only is Jimmy Dennis innocent, but also that the world has been far worse off in his absence. Jimmy is a beautiful person of incredible substance, a true gem who has a lot to offer to all of us, and yet he has been assigned to die. In fact, a death warrant was signed by a former governor of Pennsylvania, and an execution date was once set for him.
SAVE JIMMY DENNIS, AN INNOCENT MAN ON DEATH ROW
HOW YOU CAN HELP:
1. Sign our Change.org petition and ask your friends to do the same, share it on social media
2. Spread the word about Jimmy's wrongful conviction: tell your family members, friends, and acquaintances that you know about an innocent man on death row named Jimmy Dennis, find opportunities to speak about Jimmy
3. Contribute to Justice for Jimmy fund
4. If you would be interested in helping us advertise about Jimmy’s case in major newspapers in Philadelphia, please contact us.
If you have any information whatsoever about this case, please call Jimmy Dennis' Tip Line at 1-800-728-1854 (toll free and confidential) or contact his support team, "Justice for Jimmy, International" at jimmydennis.org.
Lastly, if you have any questions or comments, or if you would like to receive monthly email updates on Jimmy’s case, please contact us at jimmydennis.org. Visit our Facebook/Twitter pages for updates. Articles pertaining to Jimmy's wrongful conviction can be found here.
Below are some of the statements of support, you can read all of them here.
Actress and activist Susan Sarandon
"As a strong advocate for the wrongfully convicted, I have become aware of Jimmy's case and hope to help Jimmy and his supporters find justice in this case."
Actor Ed Asner
"Is it Philadelphia that's called the Cradle of Liberty? Or is it Boston? Whatever. Neither one seems very adept as exemplars of justice. But Philly wins hands down for its lynch mob justice. For example, the latest case being that of Jimmy Dennis. At this point in time, I doubt that Alabama or Mississippi would have so erroneously railroaded a black man 5'4" in height, weight 130 for the killing by a 5'9" 170 lb black man. Jimmy Dennis has been convicted on the flimsy evidence of 3 eyewitnesses who glimpsed the killer for minimal seconds. No circumstantial evidence connecting Dennis to the murder. He didn't know her. For 20 years Dennis has languished on Death Row while Philadelphia has consumed itself with its efforts to kill an innocent man. For God's sake and Jimmy's, do the right thing!"
Jennifer Thompson, activist for the wrongfully convicted and co-author of Picking Cotton: Our Memoir of Injustice and Redemption
"How many victims of the justice system will it take before the powers that be open their eyes to what happens when we make mistakes? As a rape victim whose mistaken eyewitness sent a man to prison for eleven years, I know firsthand how lives are forever ruined when we, the system, refuse to see the truth. Other innocent people become victims, families are shattered and people spend years of their lives crying for justice that may never come. If we carry a banner that states "justice for all" then it is required we stand behind it and make it mean something."
Kirk Bloodsworth, the first US death row inmate to be exonerated by DNA evidence
"Jimmy Dennis is a reminder to all of us that mistakes are made in a system of justice that is adversarial but the system can't be adversarial to the truth!"
Journalist and human rights activist David A. Love
"A federal judge declared that Jimmy Dennis was wrongfully convicted of murder and called it a “grave miscarriage of justice.” Jimmy Dennis was a victim of bad lawyering, human error and official malfeasance, and his prosecution was based solely on sketchy eyewitness identification. And yet, after two decades an innocent man remains behind bars."
- Legislators; the Pennsylvania Office of the Governor; and justice officials
I just signed the following petition addressed to: Legislators; the Pennsylvania Office of the Governor; and justice officials.
Free Jimmy Dennis: Innocent on Death Row
Jimmy Dennis, on death row at SCI Greene in Pennsylvania, has had over twenty years of his life stolen from him for a murder he did not commit. Mr. Dennis has always maintained his innocence. His conviction in 1992 was based on conflicting eyewitness testimony. Out of numerous eyewitnesses, only three were called to testify, and they described a perpetrator who was 5'9", 5'10" or taller and weighed between 170 and 190 pounds. Mr. Dennis is 5'4" and weighed 130 pounds at the time of the murder. The three eyewitnesses testified at a preliminary hearing that they saw the shooter for just 1, 5 and 20 seconds, respectively. Witnesses who identified other suspects were not called to testify.
There is no DNA or other physical evidence linking Jimmy Dennis to this crime. Mr. Dennis was a complete stranger to the murder victim, Miss Chedell Williams. The murder weapon and the car used in the crime have never been recovered. No gun was found among Mr. Dennis' possessions. There was no connection established between Mr. Dennis and the vehicle used in the murder. Mr. Dennis' alibi is supported by witnesses. A witness for the prosecution, Charles Thompson, has recanted and has signed a sworn statement detailing how his testimony was coerced.
Jimmy Dennis lacked a motive. At the time of the murder and alleged robbery (for a $125 pair of earrings that was never recovered), Mr. Dennis was the lead singer of a Philadelphia-based R & B group, Sensation, and had a promising future as a musician. It was verified at trial that Mr. Dennis had been negotiating a contract with a recording company. Twenty-six witnesses, including his pastor, vouched for Mr. Dennis' good moral character at his trial.
We, the UNDERSIGNED, petition the authorities to do everything within their power to obtain justice for Jimmy Dennis and help secure his rightful exoneration and release.
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