Awareness HIV and AIDS Treatment - SDG - Health and well - being

Awareness HIV and AIDS Treatment - SDG - Health and well - being

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Nor Izzatie started this petition to for youth and

This petition is to increase awareness to youth and HIV and AIDS patients that they have the human rights to seek treatment at government hospitality by appointment. By improving their health they have brighter chances to live in healthy.

Antiretroviral drugs are used as a treatment for patients with HIV disease known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus. HIV treatment is also known as ‘Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy’ and is abbreviated as HAART.

Objectives of HAART Treatment: 

- Ensure that the number of HIV viruses (viral load or viral load) in the blood is at the lowest level
- Reduces the risk of other bacterial infections (opportunistic infections) and prolongs life expectancy.
- Improving the quality of life
- Boosts the body' immune system by increasing the number of CD4s
- Prevents HIV infection

Class of Antiretroviral Drugs

- Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTI)/ Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NtRTI)
- Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor (NNRTI)
- Protease Inhibitor (PI)

This set of medicines will be supplied to the patient in perpetuity from the Ministry of Health Malaysia.

Examples of medicines name is :

Nevirapine (Hirapine ®)
Indinavir (Crixivan ®)
Lamivudine (3TC ®)
Efavirenz (Stocrin ®)
Ritonavir (Norvir ®)
Zidovudine (Retrovir ®)
Lopinavir (Kaletra ®)
Didanosine (Dinex EC ®)
Darunavir (Prezista ®)
Tenofovir (Tenvir ®)
Abacavir (Ziagen ®)


To be effective, the response to HIV must mobilize key actors throughout all branches of government and include all policy areas, since only a combination of well-integrated and coordinated approaches can address the complexities of
the epidemic. In all sectors, leadership must be developed and must demonstrate a dedication to HIV-related human rights. Governments should avoid unnecessary politicization of HIV which diverts Government energy and divides the community
rather than engendering a sense of solidarity and consensus in dealing with the epidemic. Political commitment to dedicate adequate resources to respond to the epidemic within States is essential. It is equally important that these resources be
channelled into productive and coordinated strategies. Roles and lines of responsibility within Government, including human rights issues, should be clarified.

HIV continues to spread throughout the world at an alarming rate. The widespread abuse of human rights and fundamental freedoms associated with HIV has emerged in all parts of the world in the wake of the epidemic. In response to this situation
the experts at the Second International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights concluded the following:

(a) The protection of human rights is essential to safeguard human dignity in the context of HIV and to ensure an effective, rights-based response to HIV and AIDS. An effective response requires the implementation of all human rights, civil and political, economic, social and cultural, and fundamental freedoms of all people, in accordance with existing international human rights standards;

(b) Public health interests do not conflict with human rights. On the contrary, it has been recognized that when human rights are protected, fewer people become infected and those living with HIV and their families can better cope with HIV and AIDS;

(c) A rights-based, effective response to the HIV epidemic involves establishing appropriate governmental institutional responsibilities, implementing law reform and support services and promoting a supportive environment for groups vulnerable to HIV and for those living with HIV;

(d) In the context of HIV, international human rights norms and pragmatic public health goals require States to consider measures that may be considered controversial, particularly regarding the status of women and children, injecting drug users and men having sex with men. It is,however, the responsibility of all States to identify how they can best meet their human rights obligations and protect public health within their specific political, cultural and religious contexts.

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