To promote Climate Change and Food Security
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Climate change directly effects food and nutrition security of millions of people, undermining current efforts to address under nutrition and hitting the poorest the hardest, especially women and children. It impacts people's livelihood's and lifestyles through different pathway. Farmer's, pastoralists, forest dwellers and fisher folk are already facing challenges in producing and gathering food due to changing weather patterns, such as erratic rains. in the short term the impacts can be linked to extreme weather events which contribute to casualties, household food insecurity, disease handicap, increased population dislocation and insecurity. In the longer term, climate change effects natural resources and therefore food availability and access, but also environmental health and access to health care. In the most affected areas these long-term impacts eventually can lead to transitory or permanent migration, which often leaves female-headed households behind.
Climate change is therefore seen as a significance "hunger-risk multiplier". In fact, some forecasts anticipate 24 million additional malnourished children by 2050-almost half of them in sub-Saharan Africa. Poor health and under nutrition in turn further undermine people's resilience to climatic shocks and their ability to adapt.
Climate-smart agriculture is one of the solutions that have been proposed to fight climate change. It is an approach that aims at combining food security and development, adaptation to climate change as well as reducing and removing emissions, whenever possible. It will not be an easy task to transform agriculture to food systems so that they would be truly climate-smart, also taking into account nutrition considerations. So far limited attention has been given to the interface between climate change and nutrition and relevant policies, programs and projects remain by and large disconnected. The Rome Declaration on Nutrition and Framework of Action adopted by the 2nd International Conference on Nutrition in November 2014 recognized "the needed to address the impacts of climate change and other environmental factors on food security and nutrition, in particular on the quantity, quality and diversity of food produced, taking appropriate action to tackle negative effects" and recommended "establish and strengthen institutions, policies, programs and services to enhance the resilience of the food supply in crisis-prone areas, including areas affected by climate change".
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