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Florida NEEDS Stricter Rules OR Ban Dimethyl Disulfide and/or Chloropicrin for Commercial Agricultural Pesticide use for the Protection of Earth, Water, Air, Humanity's Health, Animal Life and OUR Food Supply. Refer to Clean Air Act Section 112 (2).

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BOTH Chloropicrin and Dimethyl Disulfide Need to be BANNED from Florida and the U.S. Referencing: Clean Air Act Section 112 (2) Link: http://www.epw.senate.gov/envlaws/cleanair.pdf

Referring to the Clean Air Act Section 112 (2) REVISION OF THE LIST Quoted Text, "adding pollutants which present, or may present, through inhalation or other routes of exposure, a threat of adverse human health effects (including, but not limited to, substances which are known to be, or may reasonably be anticipated to be, carcinogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic, neurotoxic, which cause reproductive dysfunction, or which are acutely or chronically toxic) or adverse environmental effects" Link: http://www.epw.senate.gov/envlaws/cleanair.pdf

Referring to the Clean Air Act Section 112 (3) PETITIONS TO MODIFY THE LIST.... (A) Quoted Text: "any person may petition the Administrator to modify the list of hazardous air pollutants under this subsection by adding or deleting a substance" Link: http://www.epw.senate.gov/envlaws/cleanair.pdf

 

 


Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "It has also been used as a chemical warfare agent (military designation, PS) and a riot control agent." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "It was used in large quantities during World War I and was stockpiled during World War II." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Water: Chloropicrin (PS) can contaminate water." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Food: Chloropicrin (PS) can contaminate food." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Agricultural: If chloropicrin (PS) is released as a liquid spray (aerosol), it has the potential to contaminate agricultural products." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "ROUTES OF EXPOSURE: Chloropicrin (PS) can be absorbed systemically through inhalation, ingestion, and the skin. It is severely irritating to the lungs, eyes, and skin." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "PHYSICAL DANGERS: Vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along the ground and collect and stay in poorly-ventilated, low-lying, or confined areas (e.g., sewers, basements, and tanks)." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "PHYSICAL DANGERS: Hazardous concentrations may develop quickly in enclosed, poorly-ventilated, or low-lying areas. Keep out of these areas. Stay upwind." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Signs/Symptoms: TIME COURSE: Irritation of the eyes, upper and lower airways, and skin occur rapidly following exposure to chloropicrin. Initial irritation typically resolves within 15 to 30 minutes following decontamination. Gastrointestinal symptoms following ingestion of chloropicrin may persist for weeks. Adverse neurological and musculoskeletal effects may persist from weeks to months." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Signs/Symptoms: EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM (LESS THAN 8-HOURS) EXPOSURE: Chloropicrin causes severe irritation to the skin, eyes, respiratory tract (if inhaled), and gastrointestinal tract (if inhaled or ingested). Eye tearing (lacrimation) is prominent." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Signs/Symptoms: EYE EXPOSURE:Intense painful irritation, tear production (lacrimation), and eye damage." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Signs/Symptoms: INGESTION EXPOSURE: Burns in the mouth, esophagus, and stomach; stomach pain; sore throat; nausea and vomiting (emesis); difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (dyspnea); headache; dizziness; and bluish discoloration of the skin (cyanosis)." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Signs/Symptoms: INHALATION EXPOSURE: Adverse health effects due to mild to moderate exposure: Severe irritation leading to coughing, choking, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath (dyspnea). Feeling of tightness in the chest and chest wall pain. Pulmonary edema, possibly resulting in death (more likely in severe exposure). Nausea, vomiting (emesis), and diarrhea. Headache. Dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, anxiety, lethargy, and fatigue. Bluish discoloration of the skin (cyanosis) is possible due to methemoglobinemia. Adverse health effects due to severe exposure: Profound inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, with potentially fatal accumulation of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema)." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Long-Term Implications: MEDICAL TREATMENT: Following ingestion exposure, gastric aspiration and endoscopic examination of the esophagus and stomach are recommended within 24 hours of exposure. Following symptomatic inhalation exposure, obtain a baseline chest x-ray and monitor respiratory function for 24 hours. Corrosive effects on the skin should be treated as thermal burns." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) - CHLOROPICRIN (PS) : Lung Damaging Agent Quoted Text, "Long-Term Implications: DELAYED EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE: Persons exposed to chloropicrin (PS) as a war gas were reported to have experienced nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea lasting for weeks." Link: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ershdb/EmergencyResponseCard_29750034.html

Chloropicrin - Quoted Text, "Scientists Say Officials Ignored Science of Pesticide Linked to Cancer" .pdf Link: http://www.panna.org/press-release/scientists-say-officials-ignored-science-pesticide-linked-cancer

Chloropicrin (California) Researched Links, Health Effects and MORE .pdf Link: http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/8-28%20Chloropicrin_ScienceLetter_8-20-13_Final-signatures.pdf (If .pdf disappears off the Internet please check this website first http://sulfurodorsmell.weebly.com/research-chloropicrin.html before requesting a copy of document from info@FloridaPesticides.com)

Chloropicrin - Quoted Text: "Chloropicrin is a potent carcinogen and respiratory system toxin responsible for numerous poisonings across the state." (California) Source: http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/FINAL%20Chloropicrin%20Sign%20On%20082813.pdf

Chloropicrin - Quoted Text: "chloropicrin is known to cause severe, immediate and chronic health effects." Source: http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/FINAL%20Chloropicrin%20Sign%20On%20082813.pdf

Chloropicrin - Quoted Text: "Chloropicrin is also severely irritating to the eyes and respiratory system, and can cause chronic damage to the lungs. Symptoms of chloropicrin exposure include: eye pain, breathing difficulties including asthma symptoms, coughing, diarrhea, dizziness, headaches, nausea, sore throat, vomiting and weakness" Source: http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/FINAL%20Chloropicrin%20Sign%20On%20082813.pdf

Chloropicrin - Quoted Text: "chloropicrin is highly volatile and drift-prone, it often drifts away from where it’s applied, affecting farmworkers, their families, and other rural community members, including especially vulnerable populations such as children, the elderly," Source: http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/FINAL%20Chloropicrin%20Sign%20On%20082813.pdf

Chloropicrin - Quoted Text: "tarps have been demonstrated to be an unreliable method of protecting workers and communities from volatile fumigants, including chloropicrin, because they often leak around the edges or are damaged by wind or animals." Source: http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/FINAL%20Chloropicrin%20Sign%20On%20082813.pdf

Chloropicrin - Quoted Text (Refering to Chloropicrin): "using these modern TIF tarps is far too small because it was set with the expectation that these tarps will never be blown apart, torn by animals or leak around the edges" Source: http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/FINAL%20Chloropicrin%20Sign%20On%20082813.pdf

Chloropicrin - Quoted Text: "protect community members who live near fields where chloropicrin is applied, a mandatory and comprehensive neighbor notification program should be established, requiring posting near the farm, and door-to-door notification for families living within ½ mile of the application site, both two weeks and 24 hours before fumigation begins. Also, to detect drift issues as early as possible, and to ensure the community’s right to know, officials should insist on development of reliable, real-time air monitoring methods and require air monitoring for wind direction and detection of chloropicrin at the border of the buffer zone." Source: http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/FINAL%20Chloropicrin%20Sign%20On%20082813.pdf

 

 

Dimethyl Disulfide a/k/a DMDS a/k/a PALADIN / PALADIN EC by Arkema.... - Quoted Text, "does not disperse in soils as well as other fumigants" by National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25765585

Dimethyl Disulfide - Quoted Text, "Significant levels of parent dimethyl disulfide were detected in the water layer" Continue Reading Link: http://sulfurodorsmell.weebly.com/uploads/5/6/5/3/56538263/data_evaluation_record_on_the_anaerobic_biotransformation_of_dimethyl_disulfide_in_water-.pdf

Dimethyl Disulfide - Quoted Text, "Although the strict guidelines for application of Paladin intend to prevent it from escaping the agricultural areas where it is applied, as with any chemical product, there is the potential for contamination to occur. The chemical could leak from a broken container before it is applied, for example, or even after it is applied, excessive stormwater could carry it into the outside environment." Continue Reading Link: http://plantcityobserver.com/2014/09/12/strawberry-fumigant-odor-eliminated-season/

Dimethyl Disulfide - Quoted Text, "large quantities are
applied to agricultural fields, making them potentially hazardous." Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Adam H. Putnam, Commissioner Continue Reading Link: http://www.freshfromflorida.com/content/download/3302/20733/DMDS_QnA_3-20-2013.pdf

Dimethyl Disulfide - Quoted Text, "The primary
health effect of DMDS is irritation of the nose and upper respiratory tract" Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Adam H. Putnam, Commissioner Continue Reading Link: http://www.freshfromflorida.com/content/download/3302/20733/DMDS_QnA_3-20-2013.pdf

Dimethyl Disulfide - Quoted Text, "Workers are required to wear personal protective equipment to prevent harmful exposures." Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Adam H. Putnam, Commissioner Continue Reading Link: http://www.freshfromflorida.com/content/download/3302/20733/DMDS_QnA_3-20-2013.pdf

Dimethyl Disulfide - Quoted Text, "DMDS may result in nausea, headache, drowsiness or dizziness" Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Adam H. Putnam, Commissioner Continue Reading Link: http://www.freshfromflorida.com/content/download/3302/20733/DMDS_QnA_3-20-2013.pdf

Dimethyl Disulfide - Quoted Text, "studies revealed that the film used to retain DMDS in treated soil did not serve as an adequate barrier" Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Adam H. Putnam, Commissioner Continue Reading Link: http://www.freshfromflorida.com/content/download/3302/20733/DMDS_QnA_3-20-2013.pdf



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