Demand Minimum-Mandatory 15 Year Sentence for All Rapists!

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Anita Kanitz
2 years ago
"To all the little girls who are watching, never doubt that you are valuable and powerful and deserving of every chance and opportunity in the world to pursue and achieve your own dreams." —Hillary Clinton in her 2016 concession speech

"I raise up my voice—not so I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard...we cannot succeed when half of us are held back." ―Malala Yousafzai

"Women's rights are an essential part of the overall human rights agenda, trained on the equal dignity and ability to live in freedom all people should enjoy."
-Ruth Ginsburg

Books about the so called "rape culture".

"Against Our Will: Men, Women, and Rape" by Susan Brownmiller:“A major work of history, a classic . . . No one who reads it will come away untouched.”—The Village Voice

“The most comprehensive study of rape ever offered to the public . . . It forces readers to take a fresh look at their own attitudes toward this devastating crime.”—Newsweek

"Transforming a Rape Culture" by Emilie Buchwald:
Transforming a Rape Culture has provided a new understanding of sexual violence and its origins in this culture. This groundbreaking work seeks nothing less than fundamental cultural change: the transformation of basic attitudes about power, gender, race, and sexuality.

"Asking for It: The Alarming Rise of Rape Culture--and What We Can Do about It " by Kate Harding:
A noted blogger and author examines sexual assault as a social phenomenon: provocative, sharp, and b.s.-free, Asking for It tackles rape culture and also offers suggestions for moving toward a culture that fully respects and supports victims, while protecting the rights of the accused.
"Deft and timely... Informative and informal, the book is a smart, impassioned and well-researched agenda for a strictly no-nonsense understanding of rape culture."Los Angeles Times, 8/23/15


Pregnancy is a potential result of rape. It has been studied in the context of war, particularly as a tool for genocide, as well as other unrelated contexts, such as rape by a stranger, statutory rape, incest, and underage pregnancy. The current scientific consensus is that rape is at least as likely to lead to pregnancy as consensual sexual intercourse, with some studies suggesting rape may actually result in higher rates of pregnancy than consensual intercourse.Rape can cause difficulties during and after pregnancy, with potential negative consequences for both the victim and a resulting child. Medical treatment following a rape includes testing for, preventing, and managing pregnancy. A woman who becomes pregnant after a rape may face a decision about whether to raise the child, to make an adoption plan, or to have an abortion. In some countries where abortion is illegal after rape and incest, over 90% of pregnancies in girls age 15 and under are due to rape by family members.
The false belief that pregnancy can almost never result from rape was widespread for centuries. In Europe, from medieval times well into the 18th century a man could use a woman's pregnancy as a legal defense to "prove" that he could not have raped her, since her pregnancy was thought to mean that she had enjoyed the sex and, therefore, consented to it. In recent decades, some pro-life organizations and politicians (such as Todd Akin) who oppose legal abortion in cases of rape have advanced claims that pregnancy very rarely arises from rape, and that the practical relevance of such exceptions to abortion law is, therefore, limited or non-existent.Estimates of the numbers of pregnancies from rape vary widely. Recent estimates suggest that rape conception happens between 25,000 and 32,000 times each year in the U.S. In a 1996 three-year longitudinal study of 4,000 American women, physician Melisa Holmes estimated from data from her study that forced sexual intercourse causes over 32,000 pregnancies in the United States each year. Physician Felicia H. Stewart and economist James Trussell estimated that the 333,000 assaults and rapes reported in the US in 1998 caused about 25,000 pregnancies, and up to 22,000 of those pregnancies could have been prevented by prompt medical treatment, such as emergency contraception. In Nicaragua, between 2000 and 2010, around 172,500 births were recorded for girls under 14, representing around 13% of the 10.3 million births during that period. These were attributed to poverty, laws forbidding abortion for rape and incest, lack of access to justice, and beliefs held in the culture and legal system. A 1992 study in Peru found that 90% of babies delivered to mothers aged 12–16 were conceived through rape, typically by a father, stepfather, or other close relative. In 1991 in Costa Rica, the figure was similar, with 95% of adolescent mothers under 15 having become pregnant through rape.

Women hating is common worldwide, women and girls have no rights about bodies and souls and their lifes! That ist patriarchy at it's finest!

Examples:

Misogyny and violence in the pornography:

Men's sexist attitudes 'shaped by first exposure to pornography'!

The age at which a male first sees pornography is associated with certain sexist attitudes later in life, according to a team of researchers from the University of Nebraska, U.S.

Their survey revealed the younger the first viewing occurred, the more likely a male was to want power over women.

While if they were older, they were more likely to be sexually promiscuous.

Of the 330 undergraduates surveyed, with a median age of 20, the average age they first saw pornography was 13.

The youngest was only five, while the oldest was 26.

The unpublished findings were presented at a convention in Washington.
Playboy lifestyle:

Lead researcher Alyssa Bischmann and her team asked the men, the vast majority of whom were heterosexual and white, when they first saw porn and whether it was intentional, accidental or forced.

They were then asked 46 questions which measured how they conformed to one of two behavioural traits - seeking power over women or sexually promiscuous behaviour and living a playboy lifestyle.

They found those who saw porn young were most likely to agree with statements that asserted male dominance, such as "things tend to be better when men are in charge".

The researchers were surprised to find that seeing porn later in life was associated with a playboy lifestyle, such as preferring to frequently change sexual partners.

Researcher Christina Richardson said this could be because those who were exposed to porn early often did not enjoy sex in real life.

"These men often have a lot of performance anxiety with women in real life. Sexual experiences don't go as planned or the way they do in pornography," she said.

Alternatively "those who see porn later, enjoy sex in real life more and therefore might be more likely to live a playboy lifestyle".

The research, which was presented at the American Psychological Association's annual convention, did not take into account how much porn the men watched, the type of porn or other demographic factors, such as their socio-economic background.

It could also have been other personality traits that determined when the males were exposed to porn.
'Sexually deskilled'

Peter Saddington, sex therapist at relationship support provider Relate, said: "Pornography can and does have an impact on many young men's attitudes to sex.

"The result can be that young men develop sexist attitudes and are essentially sexually deskilled."

Either way, Ms Richardson says porn "is not the healthiest thing for men".

She added that young men needed "better role models to develop more healthy beliefs about masculinity".

The myth of vaginal orgasm and the suffering of women and girls by suppressing their own sexuality:

Personally, in 64 years of age, I met only two women worldwide, who said that they had an orgasm with their spouse sometimes during sexual intercourse. A damn sad record, the rest told me about sexual violence and abuse, of verbal and sexual humiliation (quotes of the nice guys next door and their loving men: "Shut up until I'm done" or "You moan like a hooker, shut your mouth" or "You're even too to stupid to fuck" or "Iif you have no orgasm, you should go in the psychiatry, you silly slut" or "What, anal sex hurts, you're not right in the head" or "If you're pregnant, you silly bitch, I beat you dead, I am not the father of this child"). In the sex education in school, two female gynecologists told us that we had as much pleasure nerves in the vagina as in the intestine, namely no ones, women and girls needed sexual intercourse only to make babies, their pleasure organ is the clitoris and not the vagina or vulva and they also said we should be aware of unwanted sexual intercourse, pregnancy, abortions and venereal diseases and rape, injuries of the genitals (and souls) because of cruel intercourse (men and boys are penetrating in a sadistic way women and girls, before they are ready to have intercourse), they vividly described cases and they told us also that the best contraception is always to have no intercourse with men and boys and unfortunately, in practice, this I have learned from all the girls and women and female gynecologists I've met so far, it's the sad truth. The male legend of great love, happy marriages and partnerships, great sex and intercourse with many orgasm for females are in nearly all cases legends and brainwashing of women. Behind the doors of happy familys and partnerships are in many cases sexual, verbal and domestic violence, terror, marital rape, exploitation of bodies and souls of females. Even in the 19th century, the famous English doctor Acton wrote: "The idea of ​​sexual desire in women is a vile slander." Girls, wives and mothers had no sexuality. The few who had one were whores and were paid by men who could afford it. In the course of democratization today every woman is a whore, mother, companion and maid in personal union. Who fucks twice with the same man, already belongs to the establishment!, that's one of the 68er slogans in Germany.As "frigid" is today a woman or girl who does not get a "vaginal orgasm", that is, an orgasm, exclusively by the penetration of a penis is released into the vagina. That's the scientific definition. At the same time, however, this science knows that vaginal orgasm does not exist. The Kinsey report is based on the survey of 6,000 women and just as many men. It is the most comprehensive study of prevalent sexual practices so far and states in sober numbers and facts: There is no vaginal orgasm, there is only one clitoral, that is, an organically triggered by the clitoris orgasm. The clitoris is the female counterpart to the male penis, the erotic center of the female body. In the 1960s, Masters and Johnson ("The Sexual Revolution") confirmed Kinsey's surveys with precise physiological measurements and laboratory observations. They too came to the conclusion: There is no vaginal orgasm. It is a physiological absurdity because the vagina has as many nerves as the colon, that is, almost none. Their main part can be operated without anesthesia. Women know very well that they do not feel a tampon. In the vagina is simply nothing ab. Only the myth of vaginal orgasm (and thus of the importance of penetration) ensures the men the sex monopoly over women. And only the monopoly of sex guarantees men the private monopoly over women, which in turn is the foundation of the public monopoly of men's society over all women. Many new worldwide studies prove that women and girls want painless sexual intercourse that satisfies their husbands and friends, not even registering their own needs, because men do not accept this, men only want hot sex in all their varieties, and the girls and women are only sex objects. Global practices such as child marriages, forced marriages, FGM (used for humiliation and sexual enslavement, sexual femicide and sexual torture, Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still occurring because the world is turning a blind eye to a crime against children, Waris Dirie, the Somali nomad turned supermodel, told that the media in 2019,The World Health Organization says more than 200 million women alive today have survived FGM, mainly in 30 countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, FGM is a male hate crime, the genitals of female babies, childs and underaged girls were cut, that the childs and girls can be married, raped, abused (and often killed during very painful and bloody intercourses) by older men ), sex slavery, sadistic pornography and prostitution (nothing else as paid rape), the female pain is also endless, and the list of suffering for women and girls is endless. If sexual intercourses were so great, rape would not be used as a punishment, torture and humiliation is including all these hate crimes. If women's love for men were no longer a natural privilege, the men would have to make an effort. In order to keep up, they would have to change. "Simply put the penis in" is no longer a life-fulfilling program. For that reason, and for no other reason, men cling on their little difference. All women and girls, that is my demand, should have the opportunity to question what they really want in their lifes. And women and girls should be able to tell their truth, finally be able to talk about their fears, dependencies, contradictions and hopes. To have a free, happy and fearless life, must be in the future no science fiction for all females.

Book about dangers of pornography:

Dangerous Relationships: Pornography, Misogyny and Rape!

In this uncompromising volume, Diana E Russell examines the relationships between pornography, misogyny and rape, and contends that these relationships are indeed dangerous to women.

After defining pornography and considering the various types of pornographic material available, the author demonstrates that hatred of women is a predominant aspect of pornography, and that racist undercurrents are often exploited in visual pornography of all types. She then provides a rich body of statistical evidence that supports the argument that pornography is a cause of rape.

Porn fuels misogynistic thoughts!

Headlines splash across screens and newspapers showing powerful men accused of inappropriate behavior toward women. Which begs us to wonder, what could possibly give these men the idea that it’s OK to mistreat women?

Science gives us valuable insight. A study conducted by Indiana University’s Dr. Dolf Zillmann and The University of Alabama’s Dr. Jennings Bryant in the 1980s helps us understand what could be a major contributing factor: pornography.

The study observed 80 men and 80 women separated into three groups. All of the participants watched five hours of media over six weeks. The first group, called the Massive Exposure Group, watched 36 pornographic clips. The second group, called the Intermediate Exposure Group, saw 18 pornographic scenes and 18 non-pornographic scenes. The third (control) group, called the No Exposure Group, viewed 36 non-pornographic videos.

"No woman needs intercourse; few women escape it." Andrea Dworkin

At the end of six weeks, participants were asked whether they supported women’s rights. The results were staggering. Just 25 percent of men in the Massive Exposure group said they supported women’s rights, while 71 percent of men in the No Exposure group said they did. Forty-eight percent of those who watched half porn and half non-porn videos said they supported women’s rights.

But it’s not just men who had a lower view of women after watching porn according to the study. Women who watched the most porn had the lowest support for women’s rights, just 52 percent. Women who watched no porn supported women’s rights by 82 percent.

Several of these powerful men who have recently been accused of sexual misconduct, including Charlie Rose and Louis C.K, claim that they thought the women they abused had shared feelings for them and that they were mistaken or misread them. The Zillmann and Bryant study shows those who watched the most porn believed the stereotype of female porn actresses to be true. The study says, “They were more likely to believe all women are really ‘as hysterically euphoric in response to just about any sexual or pseudosexual stimulation, and as eager to accommodate seemingly any and every sexual request.’ ”

A new Australian study reveals how the digitally-shaped sexual appetites of teenage boys are changing the landscape of relationships. Teenage females report sexual harassment and abuse online as daily occurrences and that their relational worth is measured mostly on whether they can sexually satisfy teenage boys. “Sex before the first kiss” isn’t an uncommon request. This, despite 80 percent of the teenage female respondents saying it’s unacceptable for boyfriends to request nude images of them. Porn is not only shaping the sexual templates of men and boys, it’s also conditioning women to see sexual performance as a prerequisite to significance. They are seen as mere objects meant to satisfy sexually charged boys.

It’s clear that in the world of porn, being predatory is not only accepted, but encouraged and rewarded. The acts these powerful men are accused of are taken directly from smut storylines. As a hyper-sexualized society, we shouldn’t wonder why these things happen. They are natural outgrowths of feeding a fantasy rather than investing in authentic love. And as the Zillmann and Bryant study shows, when fantasy becomes reality, it can have devastating consequences.

Book about dangers of pornography:

Not for Sale: Feminists Resisting Prostitution and Pornography Paperback – May 1, 2005
by Christine Stark (Editor),‎ Rebecca Whisnant (Editor)

Including the latest research on prostitution and pornography, this essay anthology shows how the sex industries harm those within them while undermining the possibilities for gender justice, human equality, and stable sexual relationships. From sex industries survivors to social activists and theorists such as Taylor Lee, Adriene Sere, and Kristen Anderberg, this volume asses from a feminist perspective the racism, poverty, militarism, and corporate capitalism of selling sex through strip clubs, brothels, mail-order brides, and child pornography.

"Loving and militant, practical and prophetic, this book collects the least compromised writing on a most crucial problem of our time—even the bottom line issue of all time." —Catharine A. MacKinnon, Elizabeth A. Long Professor of Law, University of Michigan


"As this brilliant and timely collection makes clear, men who respect and value women—not to mention social justice and human rights—must not avert our eyes from the sexual exploitation of women and children all around us." —Jackson Katz, cofounder, Mentors in Violence Prevention


"The range and quality of the articles makes Not For Sale a must read for anyone seeking to understand the opposition to prostitution." —NWSA Journal

Pornography: Men Possessing Women!

Pornography: Men Possessing Women is a 1981 book about pornography by the anti-pornography radical feminist author and activist Andrea Dworkin, who argues that pornography dehumanizes women and that the pornography industry is implicated in violence against women.

Dworkin analyzes (and extensively cites examples drawn from) contemporary and historical pornography as an industry that hates and dehumanizes women. Dworkin argues that the industry is implicated in violence against women, both in its production (through the abuse of the women that are used to star in it) and in the social consequences of its consumption by encouraging men to eroticize the domination, humiliation and abuse of women.

She outlines the power of men as: 1) a metaphysical assertion of self; 2) physical strength; 3) the capacity to terrorize; 4) the power of naming; 5) the power owning, 6) the power of money; and 7) the power of sex. The "metaphysical assertion of self" is described as a subject position.

Dworkin said that men occupy a powerful subject position that is protected by laws and customs, art and literature, documented in history, and upheld in the distribution of wealth. Men have this self (an “unselfconscious parasitism”) and women must, by definition, lack it. The first sign of his parasitism is in his relationship to his mother. He then transfers this to other women in his life and uses women to enlarge himself. Men also have the power of physical Strength. This is not the same as being muscular or strong, but it is the right to physical strength. The capacity to terrorize is the metaphysical assertion of self plus strength which creates fear in a whole class of people (men over women). This happens through rape, battery sexual abuse, and the use of prostitutes. This behavior is idolized in movies about heroism, war, and glory. In TV, literature, books, drama this story plays out. Men’s acts are huge and awesome even when villainous and women become the prize. The power of naming means that men have the ability to define experiences and this is upheld by force. As an example, men name women as “weak” and then further weaken them with preferences and standards of beauty that leave women mutilated and stunted. The power of owning refers to husbands' ownership of wives and fathers' ownership of daughters. This ownership is natural as he is the “one who takes.” Once he has had, it is his. Men also have the power of money. In the hands of women, money buys things, it stays literal. Money in the hands of a woman is sometimes evidence of something foul: unwomanly ambition and greed. For men, money buys women, sex, status, dignity, esteem, loyalty, and all manner of possibility; it brings qualities, achievements, and respect. Money in the hands of a man signifies worth and accomplishment. Wealth of any kind is an expression of male sexual power. Lastly, Dworkin said that men have the power of sex although they assert the opposite. The carnality of women is said to be the defining characteristic of women. Women have sexual power because the erection is involuntary and a woman is always the presumed cause, therefore the man is helpless and the woman powerful. The male reacts to a stimulus for which he is not responsible. Whatever he does, he does out of a provocation from a female – she is the temptress. According to Dworkin, men force women to become that thing that causes erection and then holds himself helpless when he is aroused by her. His fury when she is not that thing is intense and powerful.
Dworkin argues that the intense preservation of boys and men against male sexual violence further normalizes and sanctions male sexual violence against girls and women. She also states that by society categorizing male sexual violence into heterosexual and homosexual, there are higher concentrated and punitive penalties for male to male sexual violence. She continues to state that, only when women are subsequently secured to a male via a relationship, marriage, or relation, is she afforded the same protection as men.

"Genocide begins, however improbably, in the conviction that classes of biological distinction indisputably sanction social and political discrimination."
Andrea Dworkin

"Men know everything - all of them - all the time - no matter how stupid or inexperienced or arrogant or ignorant they are." Andrea Dworkin

“A world without rape would be a world in which women moved freely without fear of men. That some men rape provides a sufficient threat to keep all women in a constant state of intimidation, forever conscious of the knowledge that the biological tool must be held in awe for it may turn to weapon with sudden swiftness borne of harmful intent...Rather than society's abberants or"spoilers of purity," men who rape have serves in effect as front-line masculine shock troops, terrorists guerrillas in the longest sustained battle the world has ever known.”
― Susan Brownmiller

“[Rape is] nothing more or less than a conscious process of intimidation by which all men keep all women in a state of fear.”
― Susan Brownmiller, Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape

Violence Against Women: Rape and Pornography!

When we consider interpersonal violence of all kinds—homicide, assault, robbery, and rape and sexual assault—men are more likely than women to be victims of violence. While true, this fact obscures another fact: women are far more likely than men to be raped and sexually assaulted. They are also much more likely to be portrayed as victims of pornographic violence on the Internet and in videos, magazines, and other outlets. Finally, women are more likely than men to be victims of domestic violence, or violence between spouses and others with intimate relationships. The gendered nature of these acts against women distinguishes them from the violence men suffer. Violence is directed against men not because they are men per se, but because of anger, jealousy. But rape and sexual assault, domestic violence, and pornographic portrayals of violence are directed against women precisely because they are women. These acts are thus an extreme extension of the gender inequality women face in other areas of life.

Rape:

Susan Griffin began a classic essay on rape in 1971 with this startling statement:

"I have never been free of the fear of rape. From a very early age I, like most women, have thought of rape as a part of my natural environment—something to be feared and prayed against like fire or lightning. I never asked why men raped; I simply thought it one of the many mysteries of human nature."

What do we know about rape? Why do men rape?

The Extent and Context of Rape:

According to the Uniform Crime Reports, about 88,100 reported rapes (including attempts) occurred in the United States in 2009 (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2010). Because women often do not tell police they were raped, the NCVS probably yields a better estimate of rape. According to the NCVS, almost 126,000 rapes and sexual assaults occurred in 2009 (Truman & Rand, 2010). Other research indicates that up to one-third of U.S. women will experience a rape or sexual assault, including attempts, at least once in their lives (Barkan, 2012). A study of a random sample of 420 Toronto women involving intensive interviews yielded even higher figures: 56% said they had experienced at least one rape or attempted rape, and two-thirds said they had experienced at least one rape or sexual assault, including attempts. The researchers, Melanie Randall and Lori Haskell (1995, p. 22), concluded that “it is more common than not for a woman to have an experience of sexual assault during their lifetime.”

These figures apply not just to the general public but also to college students. About 20%–30% of women students in anonymous surveys report being raped or sexually assaulted (including attempts), usually by a male student they knew beforehand (Fisher, Cullen, & Turner, 2000; Gross, Winslett, Roberts, & Gohm, 2006). Thus at a campus of 10,000 students of whom 5,000 are women, about 1,000–1,500 will be raped or sexually assaulted over a period of 4 years, or about 10 per week in a 4-year academic calendar.

The public image of rape is of the proverbial stranger attacking a woman in an alleyway. While such rapes do occur, most rapes actually happen between people who know each other. A wide body of research finds that 60%–80% of all rapes and sexual assaults are committed by someone the woman knows, including husbands, ex-husbands, boyfriends, and ex-boyfriends, and only 20%–35% by strangers (Barkan, 2012). A woman is thus 2 to 4 times more likely to be raped by someone she knows than by a stranger.

Explaining Rape:

Sociological explanations of rape fall into cultural and structural categories similar to those presented earlier for sexual harassment. Various “rape myths” in our culture support the absurd notion that women somehow enjoy being raped, want to be raped, or are “asking for it” (Franiuk, Seefelt, & Vandello, 2008). One of the most famous scenes in movie history occurs in the classic film Gone with the Wind, when Rhett Butler carries a struggling Scarlett O’Hara up the stairs. She is struggling because she does not want to have sex with him. The next scene shows Scarlett waking up the next morning with a satisfied, loving look on her face. The not-so-subtle message is that she enjoyed being raped (or, to be more charitable to the film, was just playing hard to get).

A related cultural belief is that women somehow ask or deserve to be raped by the way they dress or behave. If she dresses attractively or walks into a bar by herself, she wants to have sex, and if a rape occurs, well, then, what did she expect? In the award-winning film The Accused, based on a true story, actress Jodie Foster plays a woman who was raped by several men on top of a pool table in a bar. The film recounts how members of the public questioned why she was in the bar by herself if she did not want to have sex and blamed her for being raped.
The cultural belief is that a man who is sexually active with a lot of women is a stud. Although this belief is less common in this day of AIDS and other STDs, it is still with us. A man with multiple sex partners continues to be the source of envy among many of his peers. At a minimum, men are still the ones who have to “make the first move” and then continue making more moves. There is a thin line between being sexually assertive and sexually aggressive (Kassing, Beesley, & Frey, 2005).

These three cultural beliefs—that women enjoy being forced to have sex, that they ask or deserve to be raped, and that men should be sexually assertive or even aggressive—combine to produce a cultural recipe for rape. Although most men do not rape, the cultural beliefs and myths just described help account for the rapes that do occur. Recognizing this, the contemporary women’s movement began attacking these myths back in the 1970s, and the public is much more conscious of the true nature of rape than a generation ago. That said, much of the public still accepts these cultural beliefs and myths, and prosecutors continue to find it difficult to win jury convictions in rape trials unless the woman who was raped had suffered visible injuries, had not known the man who raped her, and/or was not dressed attractively (Levine, 2006).

Structural explanations for rape emphasize the power differences between women and men similar to those outlined earlier for sexual harassment. In societies that are male dominated, rape and other violence against women is a likely outcome, as they allow men to demonstrate and maintain their power over women. Supporting this view, studies of preindustrial societies and of the 50 states of the United States find that rape is more common in societies where women have less economic and political power (Baron & Straus, 1989; Sanday, 1981). Poverty is also a predictor of rape: although rape in the United States transcends social class boundaries, it does seem more common among poorer segments of the population than among wealthier segments, as is true for other types of violence (Rand, 2009). Scholars think the higher rape rates among the poor stem from poor men trying to prove their “masculinity” by taking out their economic frustration on women (Martin, Vieraitis, & Britto, 2006).

Reducing Rape??*??

In sum, a sociological perspective tells us that cultural myths and economic and gender inequality help lead to rape, and that the rape problem goes far beyond a few psychopathic men who rape women. A sociological perspective thus tells us that our society cannot just stop at doing something about these men. Instead it must make more far-reaching changes by changing people’s beliefs about rape and by making every effort to reduce poverty and to empower women. This last task is especially important, for, as Randall and Haskell (1995, p. 22), the authors of the Toronto study cited earlier, observed, a sociological perspective on rape “means calling into question the organization of sexual inequality in our society.”

Aside from this fundamental change, other remedies, such as additional and better funded rape-crisis centers, would help women who experience rape and sexual assault. Yet even here women of color face an additional barrier. Because the anti-rape movement was begun by white, middle-class feminists, the rape-crisis centers they founded tended to be near where they live, such as college campuses, and not in the areas where women of color live, such as inner cities and Native American reservations. This meant that women of color who experienced sexual violence lacked the kinds of help available to their white, middle-class counterparts (Matthews, 1989), and, despite some progress, this is still true today.

Pornography

Back in the 1950s, young boys in the United States would page through National Geographic magazine to peek at photos of native women who were partially nude. Those photos, of course, were not put there to excite boys across the country; instead they were there simply to depict native people in their natural habitat. Another magazine began about the same time that also contained photos of nude women. Its name was Playboy, and its photos obviously had a much different purpose: to excite teenage boys and older men alike. Other, more graphic magazines grew in its wake, and today television shows and PG-13 and R-rated movies show more nudity and sex than were ever imaginable in the days when National Geographic was a boy’s secret pleasure. Beyond these movies and television shows, a powerful pornography industry now exists on the Internet, in porn stores, and elsewhere. Although Playboy quickly became very controversial, it is now considered tame compared to what else is available.

If things as different as National Geographic, Playboy, R-rated movies, and hard-core pornography show nudity and can be sexually arousing, what, then, should be considered pornography?

Are at least some of the tamer pictures in Playboy really that different from the great paintings in art history that depict nude women? This question is not necessarily meant to defend Playboy; rather it is meant to stimulate your thinking over what exactly is and is not pornography and over what, if anything, our society can and should do about it.

Many people obviously oppose pornography, but two very different groups have been especially outspoken over the years. One of these groups, religious moralists, condemns pornography as a violation of religious values and as an offense to society’s moral order. The other group, feminists, condemns pornography for its sexual objectification of women and especially condemns the hard-core pornography that glorifies horrible sexual violence against women. Many feminists also charge that pornography promotes rape by reinforcing the cultural myths discussed earlier. As one writer put it in a famous phrase some 30 years ago, “Pornography is the theory, and rape the practice” (Morgan, 1980, p. 139).

This charge raises an important question: to what extent does pornography cause rape or other violence against women? The fairest answer might be that we do not really know. Many studies do conclude that pornography indeed causes rape. For example, male students who watch violent pornography in experiments later exhibit more hostile attitudes toward women than those watching consensual sex or nonsexual interaction. However, it remains unclear whether viewing pornography has a longer-term effect that lasts beyond the laboratory setting, and scholars and other observers continue to disagree over pornography’s effects on the rape rate (Ferguson & Hartley, 2009). Even if pornography does cause rape, efforts to stop it run smack into the issue of censorship. In a free society, civil liberties advocates say, we must proceed very cautiously. Once we ban some forms of pornography, they ask, where do we stop (Strossen, 2000)?

This issue aside, much of what we call pornography still degrades women by depicting them as objects that exist for men’s sexual pleasure and by portraying them as legitimate targets of men’s sexual violence. These images should be troubling for any society that values gender equality. The extent of pornography in the United States may, for better or worse, reflect our historical commitment to freedom of speech, but it may also reflect our lack of commitment to full equality between women and men. Even if, as we have seen, the survey evidence shows growing disapproval of traditional gender roles, the persistence of pornography shows that our society has a long way to go toward viewing women as equally human as men.

"As long as there is rape... there is not going to be any peace or justice or equality or freedom. You are not going to become what you want to become or who you want to become. You are not going to live in the world you want to live in." Andrea Dworkin

"The common erotic project of destroying women makes it possible for men to unite into a brotherhood; this project is the only firm and trustworthy groundwork for cooperation among males and all male bonding is based on it."Andrea Dworkin

“ALL RAPE IS AN exercise in power, but some rapists have an edge that is more than physical. They operate within an institutionalized setting that works to their advantage and in which a victim has little chance to redress her grievance. Rape in slavery and rape in wartime are two such examples. But rapists may also operate within an emotional setting or within a dependent relationship that provides a hierarchical, authoritarian structure of its own that weakens a victim’s resistance, distorts her perspective and confounds her will.”
― Susan Brownmiller, Against Our Will: Men, Women and Rape

What Connects Rape In War, Domestic Violence And Sexual Harassment? Patriarchy!
Watch, if you can bear it, the accounts of the Rohingya women who have been raped in Myanmar. Again, rape is being used systematically to destroy a culture. It was used in the Balkans, too. It has always been used.

Men rape old women, and they rape tiny girls in front of their mothers. In some cases, they rape with guns and metal bars. Dying women are raped. I gaze upon the faces of the women of the YPJ, the Kurdish all-female military organisation, as they unfurl flags in Raqqa. Isis is not entirely gone. Everything is still complicated. But for a moment these women have won. They vanquished the rapists. They have confronted our worst nightmares. They know what they are doing. In interviews these young women tell us that rape is a planned way to destroy a culture and that this is what Isis fighters were doing to the Yazidis. They tell us they scream with happiness when they go into battle because they know that, according to the Isis interpretation of Islam, to be killed by a woman means a fighter won’t go to heaven.This is about power, not sex.
Nobody of us is a island, we are all in danger from our first day of life until our last day of life. We must end patriarchy or patriarchy will end our whole planet, with deadly and devil wars, with environment pollution, with the killing of all animals, plants and trees. That is fact and the reality, nothing more and nothing less!

films about rape and domestic violence:

The Accused (1988 film):The Accused is a 1988 American legal drama film directed by Jonathan Kaplan, written by Tom Topor and starring Jodie Foster, Kelly McGillis, Bernie Coulson, Leo Rossi, Ann Hearn, Carmen Argenziano, Steve Antin and Tom O'Brien. In the film Sarah Tobias, a young waitress is gang-raped by three men at a local bar. She and deputy district attorney Kathryn Murphy set out to prosecute the rapists as well as the men who encouraged them.

Set in Washington state, but filmed in Vancouver, British Columbia, it is loosely based on the 1983 gang rape of Cheryl Araujo in New Bedford, Massachusetts and the resulting trial which received national coverage. The film explores the themes of classism, misogyny, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), slut shaming, victim blaming and women's empowerment.

The Accused premiered at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival, where it competed for the Golden Bear. It was released in limited theatres on October 14, 1988 by Paramount Pictures and was highly controversial upon release, mostly due to its graphic representation of gang rape. The film became a critical and commercial success grossing over $37 million worldwide, against its $6 million budget and was chosen by the National Board of Review as one of the Top 10 films of the year. Reviewers praised the film's audacity, the authenticity of the portrayal of subject matter, and for being the first film to deal with the horrors of rape and its aftermath on a victim's life. Foster's performance marked her breakthrough into adult roles, earning numerous accolades including the Academy Award for Best Actress.

The Burning Bed (1984):The Burning Bed is both a 1980 non-fiction book by Faith McNulty about battered housewife Francine Hughes, and a 1984 TV-movie adaptation written by Rose Leiman Goldemberg. The plot follows Hughes' trial for the murder of her husband, James Berlin "Mickey" Hughes, following her setting fire to the bed he was sleeping in at their Dansville, Michigan home on March 9, 1977, and thirteen years of physical domestic abuse at his hands. On March 9, 1977, Francine Hughes, following thirteen years of physical domestic abuse and marital rape at the hands of her husband, James Berlin "Mickey" Hughes, tells their children to put their coats on and wait for her in their car. She then pours gasoline around the bed in which Mickey is sleeping in their home in Dansville, Michigan, and sets the bed afire. After the house catches fire, Hughes drives with her children to the local police station in order to confess to the act. Hughes is tried for first degree murder, and is found by a jury of her peers to be not guilty by reason of temporary insanity. It is widely believed that the judge and the jury largely sympathized with Francine's plight and felt that Mickey's murder was a justifiable action. The movie with the famous acrtress Farrah Fawcett premiered with a household share of 36.2 ranking it the 17th highest rated movie to air on network television. Television critic Matt Zoller Seitz in his 2016 book co-written with Alan Sepinwall titled TV (The Book) named The Burning Bed as the 7th greatest American TV-movie of all time, writing that "The film was a landmark in terms of content, depicting domestic violence as an unambiguous horror and a human rights violation". Seitz also praised the performance of Fawcett as "one of the finest in the history of TV-movies".

Books about date and campus rape:

UNWANTED ADVANCES
Sexual Paranoia Comes to Campus
By Laura Kipnis

THE CAMPUS RAPE FRENZY
The Attack on Due Process at America’s Universities
By KC Johnson and Stuart Taylor Jr.

According to further U.S. president Barack Obama, several sitting senators, feminist activists and female college students all over the country, sexual violence on campus was one of the most pressing issues facing young American women. Statistics promulgated by the further Obama White House declared that an estimated one in five college women will be sexually assaulted. To combat this scourge, universities had hired new administrators, mandated anti-rape training sessions at freshman orientation and sped up the disciplinary process for accused assailants. Prominent feminists and lawyers said many schools are still doing too little to protect female students and far too much to protect male ones.

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Candace Skalberg
2 years ago
The rape sentences are too lax. We the people demand a mandatory-minimum sentence of 15 years for every person convicted of rape. Consistently, we are seeing small sentences for people convicted of this horrible crime, and our laws need to be changed. We are asking for a MINIMUM sentence of 15 years for any person charged then convicted of rape, regardless of the age of the person involved. It is time to show victims of rape that our country will not stand by and let them off with a slap on the wrist, probation, or anything less than a severe penalty of jail-time served!

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Okumura Shino
2 years ago
no is no. we need more female politicians.

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Wendy McCoy
2 years ago
I have been reading a lot here lately that men are getting probation for raping a young child. This all wrong!!!!

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Sean Hayden
2 years ago
It is asinine to see these people walk free.