Misleading and Fake: Information is at Stake
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Fake news has always been a problem in the Philippines. Why? It is because fake news is easily spread through social media, especially on Facebook. There are some articles regarding Facebook’s actions regarding fake news but as we are all seeing it is not enough, especially here in the Philippines.
But what is Fake News? According to Leonhardt and Thompson (2017), fake news is a type of yellow journalism or propaganda that consists of deliberate misinformation or hoaxes spread via traditional print, broadcast news media, and online social media. Fake news is written and published with the intent to mislead the community, specifically Filipino citizens, in order to benefit financially or politically, often with sensational, exaggerated, or patently false headlines that grab attention.
Intentionally misleading fake news is different from obvious satire or parody which is intended to humor rather than mislead its audience. Fake news often employs eye-catching headlines or entirely fabricated news stories to increase readership, online sharing and Internet click revenue. And this kind of issues is so crass and alarming that it can ruin a person’s life.
In light of this, the group has decided to propose a bill about the issue regarding fake news:
AN ACT PENALIZING CRIMINALS DUE TO MISINFORMATION AND FAKE NEWS
SECTION 1. Title of Act. The act shall be known as the “Information Literacy Act of 2017”.
SECTION 2. Information Literacy. No person shall spread misinformation, or information that confuses the Filipino citizens on all forms of media (e.g. radio, newspaper, TV and social media). Information shall be peer reviewed by their respective editorial boards using supporting evidences before publishing in different forms of media.
SECTION 3. Specific Provisions. (a) Incorrect, erroneous and misleading news and information that was published in all forms of media shall be strictly prohibited and shall be penalized. Photos that also mislead the viewers or readers shall be penalized according to the number of photos used. Facebook Philippines and PNP Anti-Cybercrime Group shall take action on the criminal offense.
(b) Pages or websites that publish/ed fake news shall be taken also as a criminal offense and will be penalized and prohibited. This also allows the Department of Information and Communications Technology and AssortEdge, a non-profit organization, to be in-charge of monitoring and implementing the said bill.
This petition had been drafted by the group EMPTECH CHANGE, headed by Andreu James Esparagoza accompanied by its members namely:
◦Irvine Kenji Abular
◦Adrian Benedict Bautista
◦Jerico Sebastian Chavez
◦Michael Bryan Collado
◦Ron Vincent Dayap
◦Ramil Cedric Juloc
◦Jomil Christian Liza
◦Christopher "Ton" Martinez
◦Miguel Enrico Nepomuceno
◦Tony André Sebastian Parado
◦Anthony Joshua Reyes
◦Jeremiah Xavier Ticman
◦Alvin Tristan Vasquez
Submitted to Mrs. She Ann D. Gaylican upon the partial fulfillment of the requirements for Empowerment Technologies - Robotics.
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