Laws 5371 and 5161, were adopted by the Ukrainian Parliament on July 19. If signed by President Zelenskyy, these Laws would destroy Ukrainian workers’ rights and working conditions.They would legalise extremes of exploitation in Ukraine that would also endanger workers’ rights across the whole of Europe.
One man has the power to stop this disastrous legislation—President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy. He can ratify the laws or veto them.
Unfortunately, on August 6 president Zelenskyy, ignoring the unanimous opinion of Ukraine's trade unions against Law 5161, ratified it. In doing so, he is allowing into the Ukraine the "zero hours contracts" that are the basis of the exploitative "gig economy".
We demand President Zelenskyy reverse course and exercise his presidential veto on Law 5371. This and other anti-labour legislation must be replaced with measures which would increase the security of workers and enable them and their families to survive the devastation of war and build a new and stronger Ukraine.
Please sign our petition!
European Network for Solidarity with Ukraine
Full text of petition
To protect the labour rights of Ukraine’s workers, apply the presidential veto to Law 5371
PETITION TO VOLODYMYR ZELENSKYY, PRESIDENT OF UKRAINE
Dear President Zelenskyy,
Expressing our sincere solidarity with the people of Ukraine in the face of Russian aggression, we members of European and global trade unions call on you to impose your presidential veto on newly adopted controversial Law 5371. Otherwise, millions of workers could lose their protection against abuses by employers.
Law 5161 (introducing “zero-hour” contracts) and Law 5371 (“On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts to Simplify the Regulation of Labour Relations in Small and Medium Enterprises and Reduce the Administrative Burden on Entrepreneurship”) were approved in their second reading by the Ukrainian Parliament on July 19.
Unfortunately, you ratified Law 5161 on August 6.
We are concerned that the possible implementation of this legislation will result in effective abolition of important labour rights and some of the very last protections safeguarding workers against the arbitrary actions of employers, cases of which have become more frequent in this time of war and economic downturn.
If Law 5371 is ratified, a new chapter III-B entitled "Simplified regime regulating labour relations" will be added to the Labour Code of Ukraine, allowing employers to “contractually curtail” workers' rights in enterprises employing up to 250 workers—in other words the rights of the vast majority of employees.
For workers, the “simplified regime” will mean arbitrary dismissals, overtime work on spurious grounds, or ignoring collective agreements in terms of wage payment. It will also jeopardise workers’ possibilities to unionise and to defend their rights via trade unions.
Under current circumstances, the adoption of these Laws, which have been strongly criticised by both Ukrainian and international trade unions, would aggravate social inequality and hamper social dialogue. Furthermore, it may also undermine Ukraine's prospects for European integration.
The Parliamentary Committee on Ukraine's Integration into the European Union has found Law 5371 to be inconsistent with the minimal social standards of the European Association Agreement. Nor does it comply with the conventions of the International Labour Organization (ILO).
It does not meet a number of minimum standards enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the European Social Charter (revised) and other European Union regulations.
It also violates standards stipulated by the ILO Conventions No. 132, No. 135, No. 158, and even founding Convention No. 1 (1919), on the limitation of working hours in industrial enterprises to 8 hours a day and 48 hours a week.
We, the undersigned, therefore respectfully urge you to consider the already precarious situation of workers in Ukraine and use the presidential veto on Law 5371. Rejection of this legislation will ease the burden on millions of Ukrainians already suffering from the brutal Russian invasion, and so help strengthen their resistance to it.