Britain and EU to review the cut of lnternational Development Foreign Aid money to Nigeria

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There is a global refugee crisis and wealthier nations, including the UK and others in Europe are refusing to share responsibility. In fact, by refusing to share responsibility they are causing further human suffering.

More than 20,000 migrants, refugees and asylum seekers are being unlawfully held in detention centres in Libya. The conditions are inhumane - with little access to food, water or medical care. They face brutal treatment; beatings, torture and rape.Those trying... to escape to Europe by boat, are stopped by the Libyan coastguard and brought back to detention. They are being trained, equipped, and supported by the European Union.

To trap people in Libya is to be complicit in massive human rights violations.

Libya is extremely unsafe right now. There is no asylum system in the country for those in need of protection, and so refugees and migrants are routinely subjected to killings, kidnappings for ransom, enslavement and forced labour, rape and other abuses. We need to act now

The BBC News; 8 September 2017 has gained rare access to a migrant detention centre in Libya. This is the story of Hennessy, who spent three years at school in London

‘27,000 Nigerian migrants died last year’. Twenty-seven thousand Nigerians seeking greener pasture abroad died in their quest to reach Europe through the desert and sea in 2016, according to a non-governmental organisation, RARDUJA International. GUARDIAN.NG 14 November 2016 at 14:50

Britain is to reduce the amount of money it is giving as humanitarian aid to Nigeria over the next few years. The aid worth £200m ($258m) over the next four years is a 50% drop from the £100m it gave in 2017. 

The money is aimed at helping north-eastern Nigeria recover from an eight-year insurgency by Boko Haram Islamist militants.

More than 1.5 million people are on the brink of famine in the area, aid agencies say. The amount of aid given to Nigeria was increased this year to enable the country cope with the aftermath of the insurgency that prevented people from farming their land. International Development Minister Priti Patel, however, said the Nigerian authorities needed to do more to defeat the extremists and to "secure the safety and well being of its own people".

She also said other donors should increase their assistance.

The EU recently withdraw its annual $2.5B foreign combined aid from Nigeria which, represents 10% of Nigeria total spending yearly budget.  

Nigeria not poor, no more financial assistance, EU says June 29, 2017 Agency Report. Mr Arrion representing The EU. This, he said, has raised the question of should EU continue to give aid to Nigeria? (Please read more @ the link below)

Official development assistance (ODA) - Net ODA - OECD Data Official development assistance is defined as government aid designed to promote the economic development and welfare of developing countries. ...

A long-standing United Nations target is that developed countries should devote 0.7% of their gross national income to ODA. This indicator is measured as a percentage of its GDP

Against the backdrop of a major onslaught from internal aid critics, data compiled by the Organisation for Economic Coooperation and Development (OECD) showed that UK aid spending in 2015, which totalled over £12Billion representing 0.7% of gross national income per annum.

This amount represents UK commitment with the UN target for the International Aids Development to developing countries spending of 0.07% of its GDP per annum was exceeded by only five countries: Denmark (0.85%), the Netherlands (0.75%), Norway (1.05%), Luxembourg (0.95%) and Sweden (1.4%).

UK spending on foreign aid - Full Fact 
15 Feb 2018 - For every hundred pounds that's made in the UK, seventy pence goes towards foreign aid. Another way to say this is that the government has a target to spend 0.7% of the UK's Gross National Incomeon overseas development aid each year. Gross National Income (GNI) is the UK's annual output of goods 

Ms Patel, the former international development aid secretary decision to halve the amount of financial support already allocated to be given to Nigeria is wrong and lack the spirit of "British Values" for tolerance, fairness, transparency and accountability as defined in The Seven Principles of Public Life 2018 Code.

A new Ministerial Code published on 9 January 2018 following a turbulent political period involving Cabinet resignations and widespread sexual assault allegations within Westminster.

Cabinet Office, Ministerial Code, January 2018, Page 27 para 1. Annex A

The Code sets out the general principle that “Ministers of the Crown are expected to maintain high standards and to behave in a way that upholds the highest standards of propriety”.1 It also states that Ministers “should be professional in all their dealings” and “harassing, bullying or other inappropriate or discriminating behaviour wherever it takes place is not consistent with the Ministerial Code and will not be tolerated”. In addition Ministers are expected to observe the Seven Principles of Public Life (appended to the Code), and the principles of ministerial conduct (see para 1.1).

Furthermore,this decision is contrary to Britain and EU foreign policies to increase financial support to original countries where these migrants leave their homes, cross the Sahara, cross the Mediterranean, risking their lives, die crossing the dangerous Seas from Libya etc..

On the other hand, the European Union Official Development Assistance (ODA) flow in Nigeria is about 2.5 billion dollars yearly, which corresponds roughly to about 10 percent of the federal budget (N7.3 trillion or $24 billion).

United states of America Official Development Assistant {ODA} flow in Nigeriaxxxx 

China Official Development Assistant {ODA} flow in Nigeriaxxxx  

l believe there is case for a review of Ms Patel wrong decision. Ms Patel said the additional aid money was based on current humanitarian need. And that the situation would be "assessed constantly". 

It follows a joint visit by Boris Johnson, the Foreign Secretary, and Priti Patel, the International Development Secretary, to Nigeria to see the UK’s response to the humanitarian crisis, where they saw how British military had been training Nigerian soldiers to fight militant Islamist group Boko Haram.

Mr Johnson said: “This is about helping a Commonwealth partner in its time of need as well as addressing the root causes of international challenges.”

Speaking to journalists after the meeting, Mr Johnson said the United Kingdom was ready to assist Nigeria in humanitarian, development and military fronts.

“This is an incredible place. It is the powerhouse of the African economy. We are here with Nigeria every step of the way,” he stated. 

The envoy said the delegation had fruitful meeting with Vice President Osinbajo and looked forward to better relationship with Nigeria. In a statement, Ms Patel said: “It is catastrophic that at least 20,000 people have been murdered by Boko Haram’s terrorist regime, and over five million people have been left hungry and many homeless. Babies’ bodies are shutting down and mothers who have lost everything are fighting to keep their children alive.

“Global Britain is a country that stands tall in the world and the UK will not turn its back on people living in danger and desperation.

“Terrorism knows no borders and the Nigerian Government must now follow our lead to stop innocent people dying and securing the area so that people can rebuild their lives in safety – reducing the threat of radicalisation and migration for the UK at home.”

 tweeted Sarah Champion (@SarahChampionMP):
I visited Nigeria in spring, it's violent & unstable. It's oil reserves go overseas. We need to help more, not less

"Nobody would leave their homes, cross the Sahara, cross the Mediterrian, risking their lives, if they were not desperate." - Diane Abbott (4 September 2017 07:24 

Human trafficking: Govt urges EU, destination countries to do more

The Federal Government 0f Nigeria has urged members of the European Union and other destination countries to close rank in ensuring that human traffickers are crippled economically if the fight against human trafficking must be won. And where victims of human trafficking from Nigeria and Africa are daily exploited.

Director-General of the National Agency for the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons (NAPTIP), Dame Julie Okah-Donli, said this in Abuja while playing host to the new Ambassador and Head of the European Union Delegation to Nigeria, Mr Ketil Karslsen.

In his remarks, the European Union Ambassador to Nigeria said that the current increase in human trafficking and irregular migration is an issue of shared common responsibility that must be addressed by all stakeholders in order to arrive at reasonable results. Read more @TRIBUNEONLINENG.COM Human trafficking: December 6, 2017, Clement Idoko- Abuja.

Abubakar Bukola Saraki the Nigeria Senate President was live below.
14 November 2017 at 15:23 · Live Video: I am now meeting with a delegation of the European Union (EU) to discuss issues around migration and mobility.

 10 December 2017 
The protest against the atrocities against people in Libya. 

 tweeted Govt of Nigeria‏ Verified account @AsoRock 28 Nov 2016 "Doing more with less." Sp Adv to President @MBuhari, @femadesina speaks on Federal Govt's rising Infrastructure spend + falling wage bill.

Nigeria real net oil export revenue: 2015-2017 (under the new Buhari administration)

Oil price $45 per barrel average 
Loss of 1.2 million barrels per day due to disruption by the Niger Delta Avengers

2015-$16 billion (June-December) 
2016-$26 billion
2017-$10 billion (January-April)

Total-$52 billion

Nigeria real net oil export revenue: 2010-2015 (under former President Jonathan)

Oil price $110 per barrel average
Stable oil production at 2.4 million barrels per day

2010-$70 billion 
2011-$99 billion
2012-$94 billion
2013-$84 billion
2014-$77 billion
2015-$21 billion (January-May)

Total-$445 billion

Source: OPEC Revenue Fact Sheet and Energy Information Administration (EIA), a statistical arm of the US Department of Energy for various years; and my estimates.

Outcomes in the last 5 YEARS:

a) External reserves declined from $47 billion in 2013 to $29 billion in 2015;
b) Savings depleted from $21 billion in 2010 to $2 billion in 2015.
c) Federal Government borrowed $2 billion to pay salaries.
d) 24 States of the federation bankrupt -could not pay salaries of workers, could not repay debts and other contractual obligations. 
e) accumulated arrears of workers salaries and pensions, running into billions of Naira. 
f) accumulated contractors debt such that all major construction works stopped. 
g) NNPC technically bankrupt.
h) Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) at its all-time low. Declined to $3.1 billion in 2015 from $8.8 billion in 2011 
i) Nigeria's Credit Rating downgraded
j) Massive capital flight: industries relocating to neighbouring West African countries.

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