BANN SINGLE USE OF PLASTIC FROM HIMALAYAS TO FIGHT AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
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Himalayas are home of God Shiva and Mother Nature.
The Case for Banning Plastic:
Ban Use of a single-use plastics(think wrappers, straws bottles and bags etc) has skyrocketed over the last few decades. But as I explained recently, our ability to recycle these plastics at scale remains poor. Globally, 8 million metric tons of plastic trash leak into our natural spaces each year, harming Himalayas,wildlife,Humans and Nature mucking up the ocean,rivers, Himalayas and jeopardizing people’s livelihoods.
So it’s understandable why bans are becoming popular. The rivers, Himalayas for example, bring in billions of tourism money each year, creating jobs and funding local municipal needs. These sprawling, sandy spaces and the busy boardwalks that line them are an important part of local life. There are clear personal and economic incentives to keep these Himalayas clean, which make plastic bans politically palatable despite the inconvenience.
Himalayas,(Uttarakhand, Himachal pradesh,Jammu and Kashmir, North east India and Even Nepal) Which earned nearly billion's in tourism revenue in 2017, adopted what Clean Himalayas Action called the most comprehensive plastic ban in the Himalayas. The law was passed 2018, just before the start of the season, and prohibits local businesses from distributing plastic bags,diaposal containers. Local coverage of the ban indicates that it was well-received by residents and business owners.If you live on the mountain, and you walk on the trail, and you see plastic, you know what the damage is going on for nature and wildlife.
Where Plastic Bans Fall Short
It’s encouraging that local governments are focusing on passing laws to fight plastic litter. Unfortunately, while these laws may reduce the most visible form of plastic pollution, it could be at the expense of other environmental impacts. That’s because, somewhat ironically, disposable plastic bags require fewer resources (land, water, CO2 emissions, etc.) to produce than paper, cotton or reusable plastic bags—by a wide margin.
For example, Denmark’s Ministry of Environment and Food found that you would need to reuse a paper bag at least 43 times for its per-use environmental impacts to be equal to or less than that of a typical disposable plastic bag used one time. An organic cotton bag must be reused 20,000 times to produce less of an environmental impact than a single-use plastic bag. That would be like using a cotton bag every day for nearly 55 years. (Note that these figures aggregate the bags’ impact on water use, CO2 emissions, land use and more, but they do not include their impact on plastic pollution.)
Banning plastic is also increasingly popular. recently announced that it would phase out use of plastic by the year 2018. don’t provide as much utility of plastic till it got replace to 100% biodegradable, so for many this is an easy adjustment.
But these bans leave the impression that they solve the plastics pollution problem without much discussion of systematic solutions. As a society, we should think holistically about the products we use and their impacts. We can’t just ban bad products—we must invest in alternatives 100%Biodegradable.
How Consumers, Governments and Businesses Can Beat Plastic Pollution.
That same study suggests that the most eco-friendly 100% biodegradable option for consumers.This keeps plastic pollution out of our natural spaces and reduces the per-use environmental impacts of the plastic to the lowest-possible levels. However, it will take a lot more than reusable plastic to solve the plastics pollution problem. Right now, only about 9 percent of plastics are recycled globally.
plastic, causing serious problems for local waste management companies.
Governments at the state and federal levels need to team up with private industry to address more systemic issues. We need to invest in redesigning 100% biodegradable plastics so that they can be manufactured 100% biodegradable plastics of the same quality, the essence of a closed loop system. We need better recycling technology that can address the major obstacle of recycling plastics: about 25 percent of plastics collected are contaminated and therefore unusable. We need to reinvest government budgets in the infrastructure and associated policies needed for these systemic solutions. Once these technologies are deployed at a large scale, we can start recapturing the economic value of plastics, incentivizing their recovery and recycling, while minimizing plastic pollution and overconsumption of natural resources.
We need a wider array of smart public policies, a recycling infrastructure that’s right-sized for the problem, better recycling technology and new business models. Banning single-use plastic bags and products wrappers,waterbottles without significant further action is putting a finger on a spigot at a time when we need to suppress the tidal wave.
Every single use of plastic wrapper and bottles and bags are available 100% biodegradable it is time to fight against climate change.
Solution to Replace 100% Biodegradeble Plastic FromHimalayas.
A company in Indonesia has created a plastic bag so eco-friendly you can eat it.
It’s made out of cassava, the vegetable root which is a staple in the diets of many in Africa, Latin America and Asia, but which can also be used in manufacturing.
The company, Avani Eco based in Bali, has created a bag that they say looks and feels like plastic, but is completely degradable and compostable.
It also dissolves in water, so if animals eat it, it won’t cause any harm. They say it’s so safe, in fact, that humans could even swallow it.
India has a massive plastic pollution problem. Discarded plastic is choking its rivers,lakeand smothering its previously pristine beaches. “Our country is drowning in plastic”
The problem has become so acute for Himalayas.NeedGovernment to help clear the waste. But it’s an uphill struggle. As they clear the waste, more appears.
The global plastics problem
Plastic pollution is a problem all over the world.
Each year, at least 8 million tonnes of plastics find their way into the Himalayas, The equivalent of dumping the contents of one garbage truck into the Dumping ground.Mostlypeople are burning and digging wholes in mountain from years
Sea life and birds animals die from eating it or getting tangled in it.The plastic is also broken down in the Himalayas, becoming small enough to enter the food chain.
O% of plastic packaging is collected for recycling,Becauseno recycle plants in Himalayas,while most plastic packaging is used only once. In addition, 95% of the value of plastic packaging material, worth between $80 billion and $120 billion annually, is lost.to the economy.
It’s a massive problem, but one that has prompted many to try and find a solution.
The New Plastics Economy
The New Plastics Economy, an initiative to brings together key players including innovators and manufacturers, to rethink and redesign the future of plastics, starting with packaging.
The basic idea is to turn plastic’s linear economy - use it and discard it - into a circular one, where the plastic can be either reused or recycled.
The prize is split into two parts, The Circular Design Challenge, which invites ideas on how to change the way packaging is designed, and the the Circular Materials Challenge, which invites ideas on how to replace plastic with other materials.
New solutions for plastic
Among the winners of the design challenge is one that attempts to solve the take-away coffee problem.
More than 100 billion disposable coffee cups are sold globally every year, yet hardly any are recycled.
US-based start-up Trio-Cuphasdesigned a disposable paper cup with an origami-like technique that removes the need for a plastic lid. It’s made from a 100% compostable material.
Research Centre of Finland
Among the winners of the materials challenge is VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, with packaging that looks and feels like plastic, but is made from wood.
The substance is a compostable multi-layer material sourced from agricultural and forestry by-products, which could be used to package products like Chips,muesli, nuts, and cheese etc. In theory, this type of packaging could replace up to 95% of the current plastic barrier film market.
Plastic waste clogging up Jakarta’s waterways is the inspiration for the materials challenge design by Evoware.
The company has designed a solution to the single use food wrappings, such as sauce sachets and food wraps,tobaccoetc, that are so small that they escape collection and end up on Himalayas, in rivers, or the ocean.
It has made food wrappings and sachets out of a seaweed-based material that can be dissolved in water or eaten. It can even feed plants - it's100% biodegradable and contains vitamins and minerals, making it a natural fertilizer for plants.
In collaboration with Think Beyond Plastic, working with experts to make their innovations marketable at scale.
However, while the winning innovations represent the type of solutions we need to build a plastics system that works, these entrepreneurs cannot drive the transition alone, Businesses, policy makers, and investors too, need to make clear commitments and collaborate towards climate change.
Himalayan Hemp magical plant which is oldest crop in this planet can produce plastic any kind of and it his 100% biodegradable.
In comming season Himalayan hemp can produce millions of tons plastic in Himalayas.
It will also help in medicine to kill several disease like cancer and can produce multiple useful products also.The biggest help to fight against climate change can also help villagers to make good income in Himalayas which can help villages suffering from palayan.
This biodegradable water bottle breaks down when it’s empty
Your water bottle could one day start to biodegrade the moment you finish drinking, if a visionary piece of design becomes reality.
The brainchild of Icelandic product design student Ari Jónsson, the bottle holds its shape until you’ve drained it. As soon as it’s empty, the bottle will start to decompose.
Why are we using materials that take hundreds of years to break down in nature to drink from once and then throw away?
How does it work?
The bottle is made from a powdered form of agar – a substance obtained from algae. When this powder is mixed with water it becomes a jelly-like material, which can be mouldedinto a shape of your choosing.
Exist that the mix of algae and water produces the perfect lifespan for the bottle. It needs liquid to hold its shape, but once it’s empty it begins to break down.
He argues that the water is entirely safe to drink, although it might take on a bit of a salty taste after a while. You could even eat the bottle, which is said to taste a bit like “seaweed jello”.
The problem with plastics
The production and use of plastic poses a significant environmental challenge. In 2014, the world produced 311 million tonnes of plastic, much of which ended up in landfill or the Himalayas,rivers,ocean.
According to the science and Travelers Himalayas are predicted to contain more plastic than this year.
These findings emphasize the urgent need to tackle our plastics problem. Finding more environmentally sustainable solutions to issues such as bottle production is one step in the right direction.Do fight against climate change.
Recycle System to fight against Climate change.
Scientists have created a mutant enzyme that breaks down plastic drinks bottles.
The breakthrough could help solve the global plastic pollution crisis by enabling for the first time the full recycling of bottles.
The new research was spurred by the discovery in 2016 of the first bacterium that had naturally evolved to eat plastic, at a waste dump in Japan. Scientists have now revealed the detailed structure of the crucial enzyme produced by the bug.Theinternational team then tweaked the enzyme to see how it had evolved, but tests showed they had inadvertently made the molecule even better at breaking down the PET (polyethylene terephthalate) plastic used for soft drink bottles. “What actually turned out was we improved the enzyme, which was a bit of a shock,” said Prof John McGeehan, at the University of Portsmouth, UK, who led the research. “It’s great and a real finding.”
The mutant enzyme takes a few days to start breaking down the plastic – far faster than the centuries it takes in the Himalayas. But the researchers are optimistic this can be speeded up even further and become a viable large-scale process.
“What we are hoping to do is use this enzyme to turn this plastic back into its original components, so we can literally recycle it back to plastic,” said McGeehan. “It means we won’t need to dig up any more oil and, fundamentally, it should reduce the amount of plastic in the environment.”
About 1m plastic bottles are sold each minute around the globe and, with just 0% recycled in Himalayas, many end up in the Himalayas,rivers,oceans where they have polluted even the remotest parts, harming life and potentially people who eat food in Himalayas. “It is incredibly resistant to degradation. Some of those images are horrific.It is one of these wonder materials that has been made a little bit too well.”
However, currently even those bottles that are recycled can only be turned into opaque fibres for clothing or carpets. The new enzyme indicates a way to recycle clear plastic bottles back into clear plastic bottles, which could slash the need to produce new plastic.
“You are always up against the fact“It is so easy for manufacturers to generate more of that stuff, rather than even try to recycle. But I believe there is a public driver here: perception is changing so much that companies are starting to look at how they can properly recycle these.
Atleast for Himalayas there should be some recycle plant where these technologies can fight against climate change.Awareness plan has design not to burn plastic in Himalayas in coming weeks.World wide volunteers are ready to clean Himalayas.Evenstudents had started to courier rappers to manufacturer address.
Recycle plastic into Roads.
Every one of India’s 1.3 billion people uses an average 11kg of plastic each year. After being used, much of this plastic finds its way to the Himalayas, rivers, Sea.Where it kill birds and other wildlife.
In India’s Northern state of Uttarakhand are taking on the battle to cut the level of plastic waste in the Himalayas.
When the travelers from worldwide cleaning out huge amounts of plastic along with the villagers in Himalayas.
But last summer in Himalayas.started a scheme to control the plastic we have solution for eco bricks.we are launched a campaign called clean Himalayas volunteering which trains villagers and people living in Himalayas to collect the plastic and bring it back to recycling place.
Three months for controlingplastic solution is to make ecobricks which can help to construct eco recycle system Travelers have removed 25 tonnes of plastic from Himalayas including 10 tonnesof plastic bags and bottles,
From waste to roads.
Once all the plastic waste caught by Travelers reaches the Himalayas, it is collected by people from the local community - all but two of whom arechildrens and trekkers- and fed into a plastic shredding machine.
Like so many of India’s plastic recycling schemes, this shredded plastic is converted into material that is used for road surfacing in Himalayas
There are more than 34,000kmof plastic roads in India, mostly in rural areas. More than half of the roads in the southern state of Tamil Nadu are plastic. This road surface is increasingly popular as it makes the roads more resilient to India’s searing heat. The melting point for plastic roads is around 66°C, compared to 50°C for conventional roads.
Using recycled plastic is a cheaper alternative to conventional plastic additives for road surfaces. Every kilometre of plastic road uses the equivalent of a million plastic bags, saving around one tonne of asphalt. Each kilometre costs roughly 8% less than a conventional road.
And plastic roads help create work. As well as the Keralanfishing crews, teams of on-land plastic pickers across India collect the plastic waste. They sell their plastic to the many small plastic shredding businesses that have popped up across the country.
The need for schemes such as Clean Himalayas is emphasisedby research that shows 90% of the plastic waste in the world’s oceans is carried there by just 10 rivers - two of which are in India.
According to a study by the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, India’s Indus and Ganges rivers carry the second and sixth highest amounts of plastic debris to the ocean. The Indian Ocean, meanwhile, is choked with the second highest amount of plastic out of all of the world’s oceans.
Like Kerala’s fisheries minister, Indian politicians appear to be taking action in the face of this mounting crisis.
This month India’s prime minister Narendra Modi pledged to eliminate all single-use plastic in the country by 2022,starting iwithan immediate ban in urban Delhi.
The move came just three months after India’s western state of Maharashtra issued a ban virtually all types of plastic bag, disposable cutlery, cups and dishes, as well as plastic containers and packaging.
Residents face fines from 5,000 rupees (US$73) for a first time offence to 25,000 rupees ($367) and jail time for repeat offenders, while the state’s Environment Department is also encouraging people to recycle bottles and milk bags through a buy-back scheme.
While’s India’s plastic problem is substantial due to the size of its population and its rate of economic growth, schemes such as those in Uttarakand,Maharashtra, Delhi and Kerala set an example to western nations.
Acording to science and spirituality what we had experienced in Himalayas.
Starting with an immediate ban in Himalayas.We don’t need politics in Himalayas.
This is a Climate Change world is suffering and fighting against to heal this Planet GO Green Gain
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