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It is to justify the people that are killed but not involve with some problem. And stop judicial killing without due process, because we don't know if one person are innocent or not. I said this because this became the problem in the Philippines.

Extrajudicial killings and forced disappearances in the Philippines are illegal executions – unlawful or felonious killings – and forced disappearances in the Philippines. These are forms of extrajudicial punishment, and include extrajudicial executions, summary executions, arbitrary arrest and detentions, and failed prosecutions due to political activities of leading political, trade union members, dissident and/or social figures, left-wing political parties, non-governmental organizations, political journalists, outspoken clergy, anti-mining activists, agricultural reform activists, members of organizations that are allied or legal fronts of the communist movement like "Bayan group" or suspected supporters of the NPA and its political wing, the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP).

Extrajudicial killings are most commonly referred to as "salvaging" in Philippine English. The word is believed to be a direct Anglicization of Tagalog salbahe ("cruel", "barbaric"), from Spanish salvaje ("wild", "savage").

Extrajudicial killings (EJKs) is also synonymous with the term "extralegal killings" (ELKs). Extrajudicial/ extralegal killings (EJKs/ ELKs) and enforced disappearances (EDs) are unique in the Philippines in as much as it is publicly and commonly known to be committed also by non-state armed groups (NAGs) such as the New Peoples Army (NPA) and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). Though cases have been well documented with conservative estimates of EJKs/ ELKs and EDs committed by the NPAs numbering to about 900-1,000 victims based on the discovery of numerous mass grave sites all over country, legal mechanisms for accountability of non-state actors have been weak if not wholly non-existent.

Philippine extrajudicial killings are politically motivated murders committed by government officers, punished by local and international law or convention. They include assassinations; deaths due to strafing or indiscriminate firing; massacre; summary execution is done if the victim becomes passive before the moment of death (i.e., abduction leading to death); assassination means forthwith or instant killing while massacre is akin to genocide or mass extermination; thus, killings occurred in many regions or places throughout the Philippines in different times - 136 killings in Southern Tagalog region were recorded by human rights group Karapatan from 2001 to May 19, 2006.

A forced disappearance (desaparecidos), on the other hand, as form of extrajudicial punishment is perpetrated by government officers, when any of its public officers abducts an individual, to vanish from public view, resulting to murder or plain sequestration. The victim is first kidnapped, then illegally detained in concentration camps, often tortured, and finally executed and the corpse hidden. In Spanish and Portuguese, "disappeared people" are called desaparecidos, a term which specifically refers to the mostly South American victims of state terrorism during the 1970s and the 1980s, in particular concerning Operation Condor. In the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, "Enforced disappearance" is defined in Article 2 of the United Nations Convention Against Torture as "the arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of deprivation of liberty by agents of the State or by persons or groups of persons acting with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the State, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared person, which place such a person outside the protection of the law."

Even if Philippine Republic Act No. 7438 provides for the rights of persons arrested, detained, it does not punish acts of enforced disappearances. Thus, on August 27, Bayan Muna (People First), Gabriela Women's Party (GWP), and Anakpawis (Toiling Masses) filed House Bill 2263 – "An act defining and penalizing the crime of enforced or involuntary disappearance." Sen. Jinggoy Estrada also filed last June 30, 2007, Senate Bill No. 7 – "An Act Penalizing the Commission of Acts of Torture and Involuntary Disappearance of Persons Arrested, Detained or Under Custodial Investigation, and Granting Jurisdiction to the Commission on Human Rights to Conduct Preliminary Investigation for Violation of the Custodial Rights of the Accused, Amending for this Purpose Sections 2, 3 and 4 of RA 7438, and for Other Purposes."

Human Rights Watch commends the work of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions.

In addition to persistent politically motivated killings, Human Rights Watch remains concerned by killings carried out with the knowledge or direct participation and support of local authorities against so-called “undesirables” in the Philippines. Human Rights Watch documented many of these killings in recent years, particularly on the southern island of Mindanao. 

In our May 2014 report “One Shot to the Head: Death Squad Killings in Tagum City, Philippines” we detailed the involvement of local government officials and police officers witha “death squad” responsible for the extrajudicial killings of alleged drug dealers, petty criminals, street children, and others over the past decade. This death squad also committed guns-for-hire operations, targeting a journalist, a judge, and a tribal leader as well as local politicians and businessmen. Particularly disturbing is the failure of the Philippine government to seriously investigate the death squad and bring those responsible to justice.

Madame President, our findings of hundreds of extrajudicial killings in Tagum City reflects broader problems of law enforcement and a dysfunctional criminal justice system in the Philippines. The Tagum Death Squad, for instance, is an offshoot of similar death squad activity in nearby Davao City. Past Human Rights Watch research indicate the spread of these abusive “anti-crime” campaigns to several other cities in the country.

Extrajudicial executions, including politically motivated killings, by state security forces have been a longstanding problem in the Philippines. Although the number of killings has decreased dramatically in recent years compared to a decade ago, they continue largely with impunity. There has been an uptick the past year in attacks on journalists and environmental activists. Leftist activists, politicians and labor organizers also remain at risk.

We welcome in this regard the Congressional resolution N°. 1222 adopted directs the Congressional Committee on Human Rights to conduct an immediate investigation into extrajudicial killings perpetrated by the Tagum Death Squad. This resolution is a much-needed signal that the country’s culture of impunity for extrajudicial killings needs to come to an end. We urge the Government of the Philippines to take all necessary steps to bring an end to extrajudicial killings and ensure that respect for international human rights and humanitarian law prevails in the Philippines, and encourage the Special Rapporteur to give particular attention to these cases.



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