Petitioning Director-General of UNESCO Ms. Irina Bokova and 2 others
This petition will be delivered to:
Director-General of UNESCO
Ms. Irina Bokova
European Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid & Crisis Response
Ms. Kristalina Georgieva
Secretary-General of the United Nations
Mr. Ban Ki-moon

人道主義的緊急事態における本、文化、情報へのアクセス

国境なき図書館

人道主義的緊急事態における本、文化、情報へのアクセス

 

 人道主義的な大災害が起きたとき、国際機関と政府は医療の在外基地を作り、被災地にヘリコプターから非常食を供給し、衣類を分け与えます。私たちが“基本的な”(食糧、水、避難所、健康)と考えている、絶対に優先する物を提供します。しかし国際機関と政府が災害被害者の身体的な健康に注意を払っている一方、大災害を乗り越えて前進するために重要な人間性には注意が及んでいません。

2010年1月の衝撃的な地震時に、ハイチの機関の要請のもとに “国境なき図書館”がハイチへ緊急派遣されました。その折のアメリカ合衆国とヨーロッパにおける反応の幾つかに、私たちは衝撃を受けました。ハイチの住民にとって読み書きや情報にアクセスする機会が、食料や避難所のように真に優先事項なのかと問うたのです。結局、人道主義的介入についての国連のガイドラインにおいて、情報や文化へのアクセスの供給が、緊急事態における優先事項として記述されてすらいないのです。

食料、水、シェルター、医薬品の優先順位が第一だとしても、難民や難民キャンプの状態を改善するために、災害後には文化と情報にアクセスするための、より多くの努力を私たちはしなければいけません。教育の優先順位が高くあるべきだというUNESCOに、私たちは賛同します。なぜなら、教育は被災者が“正常な感覚”を取り戻すのを助けてくれるからです。子供達の教育と義務教育以上に、教育的かつ文化的な活動(例えばミニ図書館や学習センター)は優先すべきものです。なぜなら人間的な精神を活発にし、被災者がトラウマと折り合いをつけるのに役立つからです。結局、本と表現力は人間の尊厳を維持させ、自分の価値や個性を認識し、危機の最中にあって快活さの源となってくれます。

災害後に情報にアクセスする機会を提供する、より大きな努力も私たちはしなければなりません。ハイチでの私たちの活動を通して、難民たちにとって情報にアクセスする事が役立つと分かっています。本、コンピュータ、法的援助、訓練の提供をする情報センターは、各個人に力を与え、失った物を再建する手段を与えます。家族の再会とコミュニティの組織化のために、電話、コミュニティの地図化ツール、場所を提供することで、図書館はコミュニティ間と援助職員の交流を促進することができます。情報コミュニティ・センターは、これら多種の手段により、災害後の秩序を回復させるための決定的な役割を果たします。

読書、書くこと、学習を通しての尊厳は、人道主義的な災害の被害者に必要なものだと強く信じます。そのため”国境なき図書館”は、災害後の文化と情報の両方へのアクセスを促進するために、国際機関と政府機関に呼びかけています。一旦、基本かつ必要な事柄が明らかになった以上、障害を克服して未来に備えるため、各個人に必要な手段を提供する、という私たちの義務を見過ごすべきではありません。

 

FIRST SIGNATORIES

FRANCE

Farid Abdelouahab – writer, Eliette Abécassis – writer, Olivier Adam – writer, Emmanuel Arnaud  – writer, Elisabeth Badinter – writer and philosopher, Etienne Balibar – philosopher and Visiting Professor at Columbia University, Azouz Begag – writer and politician, Tahar Ben Jelloun – writer and poet, Jean Manuel Bourgois – publisher and former president of the French Publishers Association, Monique Bourin – historian and Professor Emeritus at the Université de Paris 1-Panthéon-Sorbonne, Serge Bramly – writer, scriptwriter and art critic, Geneviève Brisac – writer, Jean-Marc Brisson – head of exhibitions and meetings at Actes Sud, Evelio Cabrejo Parra – linguist and psychoanalyst, Cabu – designer, Barbara Cassin – philologist and philosopher, Jean-Marc Coicaud – Professor of Law and Global Affairs and Director of the Division of Global Affairs at Rutgers University, Collectif 129 (Lyor, Néobled, Rouda) – group of slam poets and rappers, David Chaillou – composer, Roger Chartier – historian and professor at Collège de France, Yves Coppens - paleontologist, paleoanthropologist, and Emeritus Professor at the Collège de France, Vincent Crouzet – writer, Catherine Cusset – writer, Geneviève d'Angenstein – Founder of the French School of Courtesy and Protocol, Marie Darrieussecq – writer, Anne-France Dautheville – writer and journalist, Maylis de Kerangal – writer, Didier Daeninckx – writer, Arnaud Delalande – writer, Delphine de la Panneterie – Audiovisual Services Manager at Editions Robert Laffont, Christophe Deloire – writer, journalist and Director-General Reporters Without Borders, Patrick Deville - writer, Emmanuel de Waresquiel – historian, Rokhaya Diallo – radio and television commentator, Arthur Dreyfus – writer, Stéphane Durand-Souffland – legal commentator, Gad Elmaleh – stand-up comedian, actor and filmmaker, Jacques Expert – journalist, Olivier Faron – Director-General of the École Normale Supérieure in Lyon, Didier Fassin – anthropologist, sociologist and professor at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study, Jérôme Ferrari – writer and winner of the Prix Goncourt 2012, Jean-Louis Fournier – writer, comedian and filmmaker, François-Xavier – journalist, Thierry Fremaux – Director of the Institut Lumière and General Delegate of the Cannes Film Festival, Patrice Gelinet – member of the Conseil supérieur de l'audiovisuel (CSA), Sylvie Germain – writer, Hervé Ghesquiere – journalist, Valentine Goby – writer, Jean-Louis Gouraud, writer and publisher, Anne Goscinny – writer, Robert Guediguian – filmmaker, producer and scriptwriter, Sophie Guérard de Latour – Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Alban Guillemois – comics artist, Denis Gombert – writer and publisher, Serge Hefez – psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Stéphane Hessel – former French ambassador and writer, Fabrice Humbert – writer, Jean-Noel Jeanneney – former president of the National Library of France, Jacques Lamalle – writer and journalist, Olivier Lassu – filmmaker and scripwriter, Xavier Le Clerc – writer, Martine Lemalet – Director-General of Éditions Le Manuscrit, Alain Mabanckou – writer, poet and Professor of French and Francophone Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles, Bernard Magnier – writer and director of the collection "Lettres Africaines" at Actes Sud, Jean Malaurie – ethnologist, geographer and writer, Jean-Pierre Marielle – writer, Noëlle Meimaroglou – Editorial Director at Éditions Flammarion, Eric Milet – writer and Sahara specialist, Olivier Mongin – director of the journal EspritMarie Rose Moro – writer and doctor of medicine and social studies, Agathe Natanson – actress, Pierre-Yves Néron –  Associate Professor of Business Ethics at Université Catholique de Lille, Florence Noiville – writer and journalist, Dominique Noguez – philosopher and writer, Olivier Nora – CEO of Éditions Grasset et Fayard, Xavier North – senior civil official and head of the General Delegation for the French language and the languages of France, Erik Orsenna – writer and member of the French Academy, Michèle Petit – anthropologist and  honorary research engineer at the French National Center for Scientific Research, Philomène Piegay – journalist and head of the culture section at ElleGilles Pécout – historian and professor at the École Normale Supérieure, Nicolas Philippe – Founder of Éditions Le Manuscrit, Hubert Prolongeau – journalist, Anne Rabinovitch – writer, Jean Reno – actor, Pierre Rosanvallon – historian and professor at the Collège de France, Jean-Marie Rouart – writer and member of the French Academy, Jean-Christophe Rufin – doctor, novelist and former president of Action Against Hunger France, Gonzague Saint-Bris – writer, Jacques Schwartz-bart – musician, Fabienne Servan Schreiber – producer and Director of Cinétévé, Ian Soliane – writer, Joy Sorman – writer, Yvan Tessier – photographer and librarian, Olivier Tinland – Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Université de Montpellier, David Thomas – writer, Lilian Thuram – President of the Lilian Thuram Foundation, Louis-Georges Tin – Professor of Literature at the Université d’Orléans, Emmanuel Todd – historian and demographer at the Institut national d'études démographiques, Todorov Tzvetan – essayist, philosopher and historian, Jean-Noël Tronc – Director-General of SACEM, Sebastian Veg – researcher and Director of the French Center for Research on Contemporary China in Hong Kong, Abdourahman A. Waberi – writer, Loïc Wacquant – Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, Bernard Werber – writer, Denis Westhoff – photographer

 

GERMANY

Georges-Arthur Goldschmidt – writer and translator

 

BELGIQUE

Laurent de Briey – Professor of Philosophy at the Université de Namur, Jacques Joset – professor at the Université de Liège, Khedim Simon, Justine Lacroix – philosopher and Associate Professor of Political Science at  the Université libre de Bruxelles, Liegeois Eric, Nezirovic Marija, Amélie Nothomb – writer, Persson, Pawula Anna, Stech George, Welter Marie-José

 

SWEDEN 

Tomas Tranströmer – winner of the 2011 Nobel Prize in Literature

 

BULGARIA

Elena Kodinova – journalist, Nikolay Petev – writer and President of the Bulgarian Writers' Union, Julia Spiridonova – children's author, Mario Trifonov – writer and journalist

 

GREECE

Vassilis Alexakis – writer and winner of the Prix Goncourt des lycéens

 

 

ITALY

Canfora Luciano – demographer and historian

 

 

NETHERLANDS

Benny Brunner – filmmaker, Georg Frerks – humanitarian expert and Professor of Conflict and Disaster Studies at the University of Utrecht and Wageningen University, Peter Geschiere – Professor of Anthropology at the University of Amsterdam, Ramsey Nasr – poet, writer and actor, Eduard Nazarski – Director of Amnesty International Netherlands, A.C.G.M. Robben – Professor of Anthropology at the University of Utrecht, Harry van Bommel – Member of Parliament (Socialist Party), Frieda Menco-Brommet – former radio journalist

 

POLAND

Zygmunt Bauman – Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the University of Leeds 

 

PORTUGAL

Leonor Baldaque – writer

 

IRELAND

Seamus Heaney, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature

 

UNITED KINGDOM

Todd Landman – Professor of Government and Director of the Institute for Democracy and Conflict Resolution at the University of Essex, Doris Lessing – winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, Salman Rushdie – internationally acclaimed author and winner of the Booker Prize

 

CANADA

Arash Abizadeh – Professor of Philosophy at McGill University, Margaret Atwood – Booker Prize-winning novelist, Manon Beauchemin – librarian, Joseph Carens – Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto, Yolaine Carrier – storyteller, Ryoa Chung – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Montreal, Andrée-Anne Cormier – PhD candidate in the philosophy of education at the University of Montreal, Peter Dietsch – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Montreal, Marc-Antoine Dilhac – postdoctoral researcher in philosophy at the Center for Research on Ethics, University of Montreal, Jeanine Dion, Valéry Giroux – member of the Bar of Montreal, doctor of philosophy, and Coordinator of the Center for Research on Ethics at the University of Montreal, Vincent Guillin – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Québec in Montreal, Eric T. Jennings – Professor of History at the University of Toronto, Hélène Lépine – writer, Geneviève Lévesque, Dominique Leydet – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Québec in Montreal, Colin Macleod – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Victoria, Jocelyn Maclure – Professor of Philosophy at the University of Laval, Tristan Muller – member of the Global Library Foundation

 

UNITED STATES

David Auburn – Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, Judy Blume – best-selling author, Wendy Brown – Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley, Philip Caputo – writer and journalist, Noam Chomsky – historian and Professor of Linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Michael Cunningham – writer and winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the PEN/Faulkner Award, Edwige Danticat – writer, Robert Darnton – Director of the University Library at Harvard University, Junot Díaz – Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Pamela Druckerman – writer and freelance journalist, Jennifer Egan – Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist, Dave Eggers – writer, editor and publisher, Jeffrey Eugenides – Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Eugene Fidell – Visiting Lecturer in Law at Yale Law School, military law expert, Owen Fiss – Sterling Professor at Yale Law School, Arthur Goldhammer – Senior Affiliate at Harvard University's Center for European Studies, Judith Goldstein – Founder and Executive Director of Humanity in Action, Paul Harding – Pulitzer Prize-winning author and musician, John Irving – Academy Award-winning screenwriter and novelist, Zachary D. Kaufman – attorney and chairman of the Board of Directors of the American Friends of the Kigali Public Library, Stephen King – contemporary author of horror and winner of the Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, Dean Koontz – author of suspense thrillers, Lawrence Lessig – Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and Founder of Creative Commons, Toni Morrison – winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature and Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, Veronique Munoz-Darde – Professor of Philosophy at the University College London and the University of California, Berkeley, Joyce Carol Oates – winner of the National Book Award, Thomas Pogge – Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs at Yale University , David Rieff – journalist and writer, Annie Proulx – Pulitzer Prize-winning writer, Saskia Sassen – Professor of Sociology at Columbia University, Richard Sennett – Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics, Professor of Humanities at New York University, Anne-Marie Slaughter – Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and former Director of Policy Planning for the U.S. State Department, Fritz Stern – Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University, C.K. Williams – winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, the National Book Critics Circle Award and the National Book Award, Jody Williams – Nobel Peace Prize laureate and political activist

 

CHILE 

Isabel Allende – winner of Chile's National Literature Prize

 

PERU

Mario Vargas Llosa – winner of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Literature

 

CUBA

Pedro Juan Gutiérrez – Cuban novelist

 

 

HAITI

Laeneck Hurbon – sociologist, Dany Laferriere – writer, Kettly Mars – writer, Makenzy Orcel – writer, Jean-Euphèle Milcé – writer, Guy Régis Junior – writer and translator, Marvin Victor – writer and painter

 

SOUTH AFRICA

Frederik Willem de Klerk – Nobel Peace Prize lauerate and former president of South Africa, J.M. Coetzee – winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature

 

UGANDA

Jessica Kaahwa – Senior Lecturer at Makerere University's School of Liberal and Performing Arts, Beatrice Lamwaka – writer and journalist, Mahmood Mamdani – Director of the Makere Institute of Social Research and Professor of Government at Columbia University

 

GHANA

Kwame Anthony Appiah – Professor of Philosophy at Princeton University

 

IRAN

Rami Parham – writer

 

LEBANON

Amin Maalouf – writer

 

PALESTINE

Sam Bahour – activist and writer

 

SOUTH KOREA

To Hyung Baik – Professor of Philosophy at Soongsil University, Hong Sik Cho – Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Soongsil University, Jeong Hun Han – Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Soongsil University, Se Hee Hwang – Director of the Life and Healthcare Center, National Medical Center, Chi-Wook Kim – Assistant Professor of International Relations at Ulsan University, Kyung Mee Kim – Associate Professor at Soongsil University, Chull Lee – Associate Professor of Christian Studies at Soongsil University, Jae Lyong Lee – Professor of French Literature and Language at Soongsil University, Yoo Junghwan – Professor Emeritus of Political Science at Cheongju University, Jung-chul Lee – Associate Professor of Political Science and International Relations at Soongsil University, Sangeun Lee – Associate Professor at Soongsil University, Seungjoo Lee – Professor of Political Science at Chungang University, Jung Hyun Lim – Associate Professor at Soongsil University, Dahn Park – Professor of History at Sogang University, Park Ji Hyun – Contract Lecturer in History at Sogang University, Min Ho Whang – Professor of History at Soongsil University, Chulgu Woo – Emeritus Professor of Political Science at Yeungnam University and former president of the Korean International Studies Association, Jin Kuk Yang – Associate Professor of Chemistry at Soongsil University, Seo-Koo Yoo – Associate Professor at Soongsil University

 

RUSSIA

Oleg Sokolov – historian and Professor of French Civilization at the University of Saint Petersburg

 

VIETNAM

Dào Thanh Huyên – journalist

 

AUSTRALIA

Peter Singer – Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University


Letter to
Director-General of UNESCO Ms. Irina Bokova
European Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid & Crisis Response Ms. Kristalina Georgieva
Secretary-General of the United Nations Mr. Ban Ki-moon
人道主義的緊急事態における本、文化、情報へのアクセス