Nakawe Project

26,830 supporters

Started 2 petitions

Petitioning National Commission of Protected Natural Areas, Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas, CONANP, Víctor Manuel Toledo Manzur, Arturo Herrera Gutiérrez, ANDRES MANUEL LOPÉZ OBRADOR, Olga Mar...

Help Save Natural Protected Areas of Mexico

For English translation, please scroll down.  ¡Necesitamos tu ayuda! Las Áreas Naturales Protegidas (ANP’s) de México se encuentran en peligro. Ante la crisis nacional, el 23 de abril del 2020 se presentó un decreto de austeridad que se verá reflejado en un recorte del 75% del presupuesto destinado a la Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (CONANP).  La  CONANP es responsable de administrar 182 ANP’s que protegen el 11.14% del territorio nacional terrestre y el 22.05% del marino. Se encargan de mantener la salud de los ecosistemas, la biodiversidad y los servicios ambientales que éstas proveen. Con un recorte del 75% se perderán alrededor de 200 empleos y garantizar la protección de las ANP’s será casi imposible. La siguiente petición se enviará a los responsables del recorte, mientras más firmemos más fuerza tendremos: A LOS C.C. ANDRÉS MANUEL LÓPEZ OBRADOR, PRESIDENTE CONSTITUCIONAL DE LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS; OLGA MARÍA DEL CARMEN SÁNCHEZ CORDERO DÁVILA, SECRETARIA DE GOBERNACIÓN; ARTURO HERRERA GUTIÉRREZ, SECRETARIO DE HACIENDA Y CRÉDITO PÚBLICO; IRMA ERÉNDIRA SANDOVAL BALLESTEROS, SECRETARIA DE LA FUNCIÓN PÚBLICA; VICTOR MANUEL TOLEDO MANZUR, SECRETARIO DE MEDIO AMBIENTE Y RECURSOS NATURALES; Y ROBERTO AVIÑA CARLÍN, COMISIONADO NACIONAL DE ÁREAS NATURALES PROTEGIDAS. P r e s e n t e.- De conformidad al Decreto publicado en el Diario Oficial de la Federación de fecha 23-veintitrés de abril del año 2020-dos mil veinte, mismo que entró en vigor en la fecha de su publicación y tendrá una vigencia hasta el 31-treinta y uno de diciembre del año 2020-dos mil veinte; en el referido Decreto se presentó una propuesta con medidas de austeridad que deberán de observar las dependencias y entidades de la Administración Pública Federal. Decreto que según el artículo Segundo del capítulo denominado Transitorios, se convertirá en una iniciativa de Ley que envía el Poder Ejecutivo con carácter de estudio prioritario para su aprobación inmediata a la H. Camara de Diputados. Ahora, específicamente en la fracción II.- del mencionado Decreto, se propone un recorte y/o reducción del 75%-setenta y cinco por ciento del presupuesto disponible y destinado para las partidas de servicios generales y materiales y suministros; entre ello se ubica la Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (CONANP), la CONANP es responsable de administrar 182-ciento ochenta y dos Áreas Naturales Protegidas (ANP), que abarcan el 11.14%-once punto catorce por ciento de nuestro territorio nacional terrestre, y el 22.05%-veintidós punto cinco por ciento del territorio nacional marino. La CONANP es responsable de mantener la salud de los diversos ecosistemas, la biodiversidad y los servicios ambientales del territorio mexicano que las ANP proveen. El recorte del 75%-setenta y cinco del presupuesto destinado para la CONANP, se traduce en que se perderán más de 200-doscientos empleos, lo cual evidentemente afectará en los empleos de los guardaparques, quienes están encargados de supervisar y vigilar 889 a cada uno, que corresponde aproximadamente al tamaño del territorio de la ciudad de Monterrey, Nuevo León; y preponderantemente se vulnerará y afectará la protección de las ANP, toda vez que el recorte en el presupuesto destinado para ello hará una labor de imposible realización el cuidado de las múltiples ANP, y por ende del ecosistema y biodiversidad de México. Resulta evidente, que el recorte propuesto en el Decreto referido, sería prejudicial para el objetivo de la CONANP, consecuentemente se perjudicaría la labor de debidamente conservar el patrimonio natural de nuestro país, teniendo en cuenta que inclusive el presupuesto original decretado para el año 2020-dos mil veinte, fue reducido y resultaba insuficiente para el cumplimiento de la importante labor encomendada a la CONANP. Todos los mexicanos tenemos un derecho constitucional a un medio ambiente sano y el desarrollo del ecosistema nacional, y las ANP son un instrumento esencial y fundamental que nos garantiza ese derecho a todos los gobernados. ¡Necesitamos las áreas naturales protegidas! Éstas nos proveen de servicios ecosistémicos, tales como agua y aire limpio, protección contra eventos climáticos drásticos y pandemias, mitigación del cambio climático, alimento y economía, regulación del clima, entre muchos otros. Estos servicios son esenciales para el bienestar humano y su conservación es fundamental para cumplir con los objetivos de la Agenda 2030-dos mil treinta.  Aunado, para lograr el bienestar de las poblaciones más vulnerables de México, es indispensable proteger sus bosques, selvas, ríos, lagunas, mares, desiertos, montañas y arrecifes de los cuales dependen los medios de vida de las poblaciones urbanas, rurales e indígenas de México. La protección de nuestra riqueza natural es cuestión de seguridad nacional para todos los mexicanos. La CONANP es una institución indispensable en esta tarea y por este medio le pedimos que no se reduzca el gasto público en una institución con una labor tan trascendente y fundamental en el bienestar de nuestro México. Si queremos lograr el bienestar de las poblaciones más vulnerables de México, si queremos reactivar la economía del país, es imperativo proteger el patrimonio natural del que dependemos todos las y los mexicanos. Por todo lo anterior, de la manera mas atenta le solicitamos tenga a bien reconsiderar la estrategia adoptada en cuanto al recorte presupuestal, toda vez que es imperativo que se anule el recorte presupuestal adoptado por el Decreto publicado en el Diario Oficial de la Federación de fecha 23-veintitrés de abril del año 2020-dos mil veinte, a efecto de que ningún trabajador sea despedido, e inclusive se considere además de no reducir el presupuesto para la CONANP, incrementar la presencia de esta institución en el territorio nacional. A T E N T A M E N T E ____________________________________________ English Version: We need your help! The Natural Protected Areas (NPAs) of Mexico are in danger. On April 23, 2020 an austerity decree was established which will result in a 75% cut in the budget allocated to the National Commission for Natural Protected Areas (CONANP).  The CONANP is responsible for managing 182 NPAs that protect 11.14% of the national terrestrial territory and 22.05% of the marine territory. They are also responsible for maintaining the health of ecosystems, biodiversity, and the environmental services they provide. With a 75% cut, around 200 jobs will be lost, and guaranteeing the protection of the NPA’s will be almost impossible. The next petition will be sent to those responsible for the budget cut. The more signatures we have the more strength we have: TO ANDRÉS MANUEL LÓPEZ OBRADOR, CONSTITUTIONAL PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED MEXICAN STATES; OLGA MARÍA DEL CARMEN SÁNCHEZ CORDERO DÁVILA, SECRETARY OF GOVERNMENT; ARTURO HERRERA GUTIÉRREZ, SECRETARY OF FINANCE; IRMA ERÉNDIRA SANDOVAL BALLESTEROS, SECRETARY OF THE CIVIL SERVICE; VICTOR MANUEL TOLEDO MANZUR, SECRETARY OF ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES; Y ROBERTO AVIÑA CARLÍN, NATIONAL COMMISSIONER FOR NATURAL PROTECTED AREAS. Pursuant to the Decree published in the Official Gazette of the Federation dated April 23, 2020, which entered into force on the date of its publication and will be valid until 31 of December 2020; in the aforementioned Decree, a proposal was presented with austerity measures that must be observed by the dependencies and entities of the Federal Public Administration. Decree that according to the second article of the chapter called Transitory, will become an initiative of Law that the Executive Power sends as a priority study for immediate approval to the H. Chamber of Deputies.  Specifically in section II.- of the aforementioned Decree, a cut and/or reduction of 75% of the budget available and destined for the items of general services and materials and supplies is proposed; among these is the National Commission for Natural Protected Areas (CONANP), CONANP is responsible for managing 182 Natural Protected Areas (NPA), which cover 11.14% of the national land territory, and 22.05% of the national marine territory. CONANP is responsible for maintaining the health of the diverse ecosystems, biodiversity and environmental services of the Mexican territory that the ANP provide. The cut of 75% of the budget destined for CONANP, means that more than 200 jobs will be lost, which will obviously affect the jobs of park rangers, who are in charge of supervising and monitoring 889 each, which corresponds approximately to size of the territory of the city of Monterrey, Nuevo León; Preponderantly, the protection of the NPA will be violated and affected, since the cut in the budget destined for it will make it impossible to carry out the care of the multiple ANPs, and therefore the ecosystem and biodiversity of Mexico. It is evident that the cut proposed in the aforementioned Decree would be prejudicial to the objective of CONANP, consequently the work of properly conserving the natural heritage of our country would be harmed, taking into account that even the original budget decreed for the year 2020, it was reduced and it was insufficient for the fulfillment of the important work entrusted to CONANP. All Mexicans have a constitutional right to a healthy environment and the development of the national ecosystem, and the NPA are an essential and fundamental instrument that guarantees that right to all the governed. We need protected natural areas! These provide us with ecosystem services, such as clean air and water, protection against drastic climate events and pandemics, mitigation of climate change, food and economy, climate regulation, among many others. These services are essential for human well-being and their conservation is essential to fulfill the objectives of the 2030 Agenda. In addition, to achieve the well-being of the most vulnerable populations in Mexico, it is essential to protect its forests, jungles, rivers, lagoons, seas, deserts, mountains and reefs on which the livelihoods of urban, rural and indigenous populations depend on. Protecting our natural wealth is a matter of national security for all Mexicans and even to other countries. CONANP is an indispensable institution in this task and by this means we ask that public spending not be reduced in an institution with such a transcendent and fundamental work in the well-being of our Mexico. If we want to achieve the well-being of the most vulnerable populations in Mexico, if we want to reactivate the country's economy, it is imperative to protect the natural heritage on which all Mexicans depend. For all of the above, in the most attentive manner we ask you to please reconsider the strategy adopted regarding the budget cut, since it is imperative to annul the budget cut adopted by the Decree published in the Official Gazette of the Federation dated April 23, 2020, so that no worker is fired, and even considering not to reduce the budget for CONANP, but to also increase the presence of this institution in the national territory. A T T E N T I V E L Y ____________________________________________

Nakawe Project
4,514 supporters
Petitioning CITIZENS WORLDWIDE

Ask Corporations to stop selling threatened species and label shark meat

You’ve probably already heard that many supermarkets and markets sell mislabeled seafood.  You wouldn’t want to eat an endangered species like panda or rhino, would you? So why eat shark meat?One in four shark species are threatened with extinction, yet shark meat is sold at grocery stores worldwide. Even worse – the shark meat is mislabeled so that consumers aren’t even aware of eating endangered sharks. Our own research also found that mako shark meat, for example, sold in supermarkets in Mexico contains three times the legal limit in mercury, a highly toxic chemical that poses substantial risks to human health. After 5 years researching and collecting data from many samples and species of shark meat bought at select grocery stores throughout Costa Rica, Panamá, Spain, USA, Mexico, and more, we know now that the shark-meat industry is not only causing the extinction of endangered shark populations, but also that shark-meat consumption is becoming a public-health hazard. In our last 3 years researching in Baja California, Mexico we now have substantial data detailing the alarming amounts of the toxic substance mercury found in some species & shark meat sold at grocery stores not only in Mexico but all around the world like Mako shark, blue shark, silky shark, hammerhead shark etc... Mercury limits deemed safe for consumption are set by the government in Mexico. This limit is set at 0.5 – 1.0 mg/kg per fish. However, all the species tested had an average of 1.45 mg/kg per fish; well above the legal limit, meaning consumption puts humans at risk. The highest amount of mercury was detected in the mako shark, with 3.0 mg/kg, rendering it very toxic. This shark is also listed as endangered and at risk of extinction on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Redlist. There is no question that mercury is toxic. It is the reason consumption limits were originally set in place. At high levels of consumption, mercury is known to cause neurological and birth defects among other ailments. So why are stores selling shark meat with higher levels of mercury than allowed by law? To tackle this large problem, one immediate issue to address is mislabelling of shark meat. Stores must correctly label their seafood and fish products to allow customers to make informed decisions. Nakawe Project team members also worked in a research Costa Rica back in 2015. Team members noted that shark was labeled with indiscriminate names such as “Cazon” and “Bolillo.” When an employee at that store was asked what type of shark it was they responded, “normal shark… from Costa Rican water.” There is no “normal” type of shark, in fact there are more than 500 species in our oceans today. The species of sharks that are most often fished in Costa Rican waters today are silky shark (near threatened), thresher (vulnerable), and hammerhead (endangered)... However, because the shark and ray meat sold in your stores is not labeled with species and the sales people do not know what it is, consumers have no way of knowing if they are purchasing an endangered species or not. As large retail corporations with many stores, all of the businesses addressed within this letter hold a lot of power in environmental issues such as this. Shark and ray meat remains available for purchase at many store locations such as: Walmart (Canada, Mexico, Central America)Mega Super (Costa Rica)La Comer (Mexico)HEB (Mexico)Harris Teeter (Baltimore, Maryland)Nations Fresh Foods (Canada)Publix (USA) labeling it most timesMercadona (Spain) labeling it most timesConsum (Spain) labeling it most times between others... ( Please report to NAKAWE PROJECT if you happen to find more stores) Shark meat is inadequately labeled, preventing customers from making responsible and healthy purchasing choices. Shark and ray meat is largely an unwise seafood source to begin with, as fishing rates are currently higher than is sustainable. This is one of the main reasons we are requesting better labeling on shark and ray meat sold in these stores. We are also asking they reconsider the sale of meat from species listed as vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered on the IUCN Redlist. Both sharks and rays are highly vulnerable to fishing pressure due to their life-history traits. Chondrichthyan species (cartilaginous fish such as sharks, rays, and their relatives) are slow-growing with many species taking over a decade to reach sexual maturity. They also produce few young after long periods of gestation. Evolutionarily this served sharks and rays well as these traits allow them to give birth to large young that are able to fend for themselves, historically lending them few natural enemies. However, these traits have also made them significantly more vulnerable to fishing pressures. In recent years, shark stocks have declined by 90 percent. Due to fishing pressures fewer sharks are living to maturity, and because of the inability of fishing fleets to find adult sharks, most shark meat actually comes from juvenile sharks. Since these sharks are not physically capable of reproducing prior to capture, shark populations continue to decline at a rapid rate. According to the IUCN Shark Specialty Group (SSG) less than 15 percent of chondrichthyan species have safe stocks. The IUCN SSG has listed 30 percent of species as endangered, vulnerable to extinction, or near threatened and another 46 percent of species lack necessary data to determine their status. Chondrichthyan species are therefore the most threatened group of vertebrates on the planet. Shark and ray populations cannot sustain this continued exploitation. Many species of sharks and rays found in supermarkets are highly threatened. If these population trends continue, scientists predict that most chondrichthyan fish species will be extinct within the next few decades. Several of the species listed at https://www.iucnredlist.org/ may currently be sold in your stores. However, due to insufficient labeling there is no definite way to know this. Your choice whether or not to sell threatened shark and ray species may make the difference in their impending extinction. For these reasons, we ask that you discontinue the sale of shark and ray species listed as vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered on the IUCN Redlist. We also ask for transparency in your stores by labeling the species of all shark and ray meat sold.  Populations of sharks and rays are quickly declining due to unsustainable fishing pressures. If we can reduce the demand for threatened species it may be possible to give the populations of these species time to recover. Please begin labeling all meat sold in your stores to give consumers the opportunity to make environmentally conscious choices. Please also discontinue the sale of threatened shark and ray species in your stores. Sincerely, Michelle Edwards, Regina Domingo, and the Nakawe Project team  

Nakawe Project
24,554 supporters