United States Fish & Wildlife Service
United States Fish & Wildlife Service
Illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren beenden
Hallo, mein Name ist Jane Goodall und ich möchte Sie um Ihre Unterstützung bitten, den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren zu beenden. Ich verbringe jedes Jahr rund 300 Tage auf Reisen und spreche mit Menschen darüber, wie wir den Tieren am besten helfen können. Aber ich weiß, dass die Kraft der sozialen Medien sehr viel mehr Menschen sehr viel schneller vernetzen kann, als es eine einzelne Person zu tun vermag. Bitte helfen Sie mir den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren zu beenden. Gier und das Verlangen nach zunehmend seltener werdenden “Trophäen” lassen den illegalen Handel mit wildlebenden Tieren boomen. Dieser grausame Handel treibt die gefährdeten Arten dieser Welt rasant auf ihre Auslöschung zu. Ich treffe in diesem Jahr mit einigen der führenden Vertreter von Artenschutzorganisationen zusammen und ich brauche dringend Ihre Unterstützung, um ihnen deutlich zu machen, dass es Ihr Wunsch ist, dass die internationale Gemeinschaft den illegalen Handel mit Wildtieren mit höchster Priorität behandeln muss. Meine Kollegen und ich vom Jane Goodall Institut haben die schrecklichen Wunden gesehen, die den Opfern durch Wilderei zugefügt wurden. Wir wissen als Vertreter einer gemeinnützigen Artenschutzorganisation, die gemeinsam mit großen internationalen Partnern in vielen afrikanischen Ländern vor Ort zusammenarbeitet, dass die Abschlachtung dieser wunderbaren Tiere grausam und unentschuldbar ist. Wir haben auch den heroischen Einsatz von Rangern unter Verlust ihres Lebens gesehen, die die Tiere gegen Wilderer verteidigt haben: wir dürfen nicht zulassen, dass ihr Tod umsonst war. In unserem Tchimpounga Schimpansen Rehabilitationszentrum sehen wir Affen, die durch tödliche Schnappfallen verstümmelt wurden, Affen, die an Schusswunden leiden und Schimpansen im Kindesalter, die ihren Müttern entrissen wurden, nachdem diese von Wilderern erschossen wurden. Sie werden auf Märkten angeboten, wo Menschen illegal Schimpansenfleisch kaufen können. Die kleinen Schimpansen kommen oft mit schweren Verletzungen zu uns, sind sehr krank und leiden an schweren psychologischen Störungen, die vielleicht nie mehr heilen werden. Und trotzdem gehören sie zu denen, die Glück gehabt haben. Die Kleinen, die es nicht bis Tchimpounga schaffen, werden oft im illegalen Handel für exotische Haustiere oder für den Unterhaltungssektor verkauft, wo ihr Schicksal ein kurzes, einsames Leben voller Schmerz und Misshandlung ist. Dies ist kein einfaches Thema und voller Beispiele dafür, was der Druck der Armut, fehlende Möglichkeiten des Vollzugs von Schutzrechten, staatliche Korruption und die unreflektierte Nachfrage nach wildlebenden Tieren oder deren Produkten durch Konsumenten in aller Welt anzurichten imstande sind. Der unmenschliche Brauch, in das natürliche Habitat von geschützten Tieren einzudringen um sie zu fangen oder zu töten, um bestimmte Teile zu verwerten, zerstört die kostbarsten Arten unserer Erde, und er muss aufhören. Die Fakten, die die Dringlichkeit dieser Krise verdeutlichen: 35.000 Elefanten werden jedes Jahr für ihr Elfenbein getötet. Die Wilderei von Nashörnern ist zwischen 2007-2014 um 9.000% gestiegen. 73 Millionen Haie werden jedes Jahr ihrer Flossen wegen getötet. Eine Studie von 2014 zeigte, dass es wahrscheinlich nur noch 3.200 wilde Tiger in Asien gibt. Jährlich werden 3.000 Menschenaffen (auch Schimpansen) illegal getötet oder aus der Wildnis gestohlen. Diese Zahlen sind Schätzungen, die auf Populationsgrößen basieren, die es nicht einmal mehr gibt, denn jährlich sind es weniger und weniger Tiere, die überhaupt gejagt werden können. Das Jane Goodall Institut hat nun die großangelegte Jane’s Traffic Stop Kampagne gestartet, um diesen Handel zu beenden. Bitte seien Sie ein Teil davon! Es ist unsere Hoffnung, dass wir einen Beitrag leisten werden, der Wilderei endgültig ein Ende zu setzen, indem wir eine riesige Gemeinschaft von Unterstützerinnen und Unterstützern in den sozialen Medien aufbauen, die im Kampf gegen die Gewalt kontinuierlich die Entscheidungsträger in die Verantwortung nehmen. Ich glaube fest daran, dass wir - vom majestätischen Elefanten bis hin zum kleinsten Schmetterling – vom Aussterben bedrohte und gefährdete Arten wertschätzen und zelebrieren sollten, damit sie in Ruhe leben können... wild und frei. Das kann nicht eine Person allein erreichen. Und wir brauchen Unterstützung. Diese Bewegung braucht Sie! Erheben Sie sich gegen den Handel mit wildlebenden Tieren, indem Sie diese Petition zeichnen und so Ihre Unterstützung zeigen. Und helfen Sie mir dabei diese hoffnungsvolle Botschaft weiterzuverbreiten und z.B. an die IUCN beim World Conservation Congress, an die International Primatological Society auf ihrem zweijährlichen Kongress und vor allem an CITES bei der CoP17 Konferenz in South Africa im September diesen Jahres, zu überbringen. Wir müssen der Welt erzählen, dass wilde Tiere nicht auf der Erde sind, um bis zu ihrer Auslöschung gejagt zu werden und stückweise als Beute oder Trophäen verkauft zu werden. Wir dürfen das Geschäft mit der Wilderei nicht unterstützen, wir müssen bewusster einkaufen und es vermeiden, illegale Tierprodukte zu kaufen oder Unternehmen zu unterstützen, die das tun. Jeder und jede von uns ist nur eine Stimme in dem Kampf um die Beendigung der Wilderei, aber wenn Sie mir alle kollektiv beistehen und Ihre Stimme erheben, dann wird unsere Botschaft unmöglich zu überhören sein. Ich werde eng mit unseren Partnern zusammenarbeiten, um sicherzustellen, dass die Unterschriften dieser Petition weiteren Druck und Erfolg in diese internationale Bewegung bringen, um die Wildtiere zu retten. Unterschreiben Sie jetzt diese Petition und werden Sie Teil meiner Kampagne. Wir werden Sie mit Informationen über weitere Aktionen in den kommenden Wochen und Monaten auf dem Laufenden halten. Ich danke Ihnen. -Dr. Jane Goodall www.janegoodall.de
Create more marine protected areas to reduce effect of overfishing on oceanic ecosystems
Overfishing occurs when more fish are caught than the population can replace through natural reproduction and it is a serious issue that is often ignored. It is a problem within the United States but even worse outside of it. Some stocks of large fish have decreased by about 90% in the past 60 years. Overfishing leads to so many deaths of fish (especially large fish) that the oceanic ecosystems are being negatively impacted. By protecting more areas in the ocean and creating more "no fishing" areas across oceans, the effect of overfishing would be reduced and fish populations may begin replenishing themselves. More than 85 percent of the world's fisheries have been pushed to or beyond their biological limits and are in need of strict management plans to restore them. The creation of more "no fishing" zones would only be a step towards stopping overfishing and its harms. Overfishing is an issue that affects everyone, not only fish; it is in everybody's best interest to keep the fish populations healthy.
Reinstate the Ban on Elephant and Lion Hunting Trophies - Stop the Poaching!
Reinstate the ban on elephant and lion hunting trophies that the Trump Administration just undid. Zimbabwe and Zambia are in intense political turmoil and cannot be trusted to provide unbiased data on the safety of hunting endangered animals such as the elephant and lion. This reversal WILL damage those populations and lead them to extinction and must not be allowed.
Ringling Bros. Plans to Export Their Tigers To A German Circus
Imagine being enslaved and tortured for your whole life. This is a form of entertainment that the Ringling brothers have provided since 1871. Recently they have been shut down and will no longer be performing this vile act of entertainment. In spite of being shut down they have now applied for permits to ship 8 of the tigers to a circus in Germany. An undercover report published last year described life as a “nightmare” for the tigers. They spent most of their lives packed into tiny cages in parking lots or behind buildings, devoid of water to swim in or room to run. Tigers are solitary, and this closeness led to frequent fighting — many tigers were covered in scars, and others had cracked paws or pressure wounds from living on the unnatural concrete. [Schelling, Ameena. "BREAKING: Ringling Bros. Plans To Ship Its Tigers To German Circus." Thedodo.com, 25 May 2017. www.google.com https://www.thedodo.com/in-the-wild/ringling-tigers-german-circus Accessed 26 May 2017] These animals deserve at the very least to be brought to a sanctuary for rescued tigers not to undergo further abuse in a circus within another country. Please sign this petition so we can get the help that these poor animals need to live a well deserved better life.
Save The Alexander Archipelago Wolves
These animals must be listed as endangered species immediately, since this situation is becoming ridiculously catastrophic. Southeast Alaska’s isolated wolf population has declined by 60 percent in just one year, dropping from an estimated 221 individuals in 2013 to 89 wolves in 2014, according to the U.S. Forest Service. Those numbers are already outdated. Another 29 wolves were reportedly killed in the 2014–2015 hunting and trapping season. Back in 1994, an estimated 900 wolves roamed Southeast Alaska, and the Prince of Wales Island population was estimated to be 300 to 350. Today, the population is estimated at 60. This is downright comical and it has to be stopped immediately. In 1993, a petition to list the Alexander Archipelago wolf as threatened under the U.S. Endangered Species Act was lodged with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The agency decided in 1997 that listing was not warranted at that time. In 2011 a second petition to list the species as either threatened or endangered was filed with the Fish and Wildlife Service. It referenced scientific studies and other information that had arisen over the intervening fourteen years.In March 2014, in response to the petition, the agency made a positive initial finding that listing the species as threatened or endangered "may be warranted," and that it will prepare a formal status review. Thousands, if not millions of people are willing to prevent this situation from becoming even more detrimental, before it will be too late.During the spring of 2015, the Alaska Dept. of Fish & Game found only one active den with only one wolf pup out of 15 den locations surveyed. When the wolf population gets so low, scientific literature has shown that reproductive ability is severely hampered and the ability of the population to rebound is likewise stymied. Extinction is the next step. Alexander Archipelago Wolves are not yet a protected species so hunting them is currently legal. Along with hunting and trapping, there are other major factors, such as logging. Both, the wolves and the deer have suffered from it, as it has eroded their island habitats.Not only it affects the AA wolves, it also affects thousands (if not millions) of other people who want to make a change and would do almost anything in order to save these animals. People are ready to put money, time and effort into this and are ready to help. I am speaking for thousands of other people, Alexander Archipelago Wolves have to be classified as endangered species. So let's stand up for these beautiful creatures before it's too late! If we will speak up and work together, we might save these animals.
Give the Mexican Gray Wolf a Scientific Recovery Plan!
We applaud the efforts that the USFWS and its partners have put into recovering the critically imperiled Mexican Gray Wolf (Canis lupus baileyi). However, we have serious concerns over the recently adopted Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan (MWRP). Listed below are just three of our many worries: Under the MWRP, the range of the Mexican Gray Wolf would be restricted to south of Interstate 40 (I-40). The argument for this range restriction is that the subspecies is not native to north of I-40, and a single morphology-based study, Heffelfinger et al. (2017), is used to justify this conclusion (USFWS 2017a, USFWS 2017b). However, genetics-based studies have found that the Mexican Gray Wolf is part of a Southern Gray Wolf clade and that haplotypes from this clade have been found in historical wolves that lived as far north as Colorado and Utah; this genetic evidence suggests that the historical range of the Mexican Gray Wolf has been underestimated (Leonard et al. 2005; NCEAS 2014; Hendricks et al. 2016). In addition, suitable habitat exists for Mexican Gray Wolves in the Grand Canyon Ecoregion and the Southern Rocky Mountains, which have been recommended as reintroduction sites for the subspecies (Wayne & Hedrick 2011; Carroll et al. 2014). Scientists have previously criticized the restricted range as unscientific (NCEAS 2014), and in the peer reviews to the MWRP, the I-40 range restriction and the heavy reliance on Heffelfinger et al. (2017) to define historical range have been criticized (USFWS 2017c). Mexican Gray Wolves should not have their range restricted, and reintroductions should be considered in the Grand Canyon Ecoregion and the Southern Rocky Mountains. Under the MWRP, the recovery goal for the Mexican Gray Wolf is 320 in the USA and 200 in Mexico, for a total population size of 520 wolves distributed between two populations; genetic connectivity between these two populations is not a required criteria for recovery. In addition, a population cap of 380 in the USA is recommended (USFWS 2017a). The recovery goal is too low to ensure the survival of the Mexican Gray Wolf and contradicts recent scientific findings, which suggest that at least 750 wolves distributed among three interconnected populations are required to recover the subspecies; genetic connectivity between populations is vital for recovery (Wayne & Hedrick 2011; Carroll et al. 2014). The USFWS should either adopt this science-based suggestion as the recovery goal or use this recommendation as a basis to conduct further research into a scientifically viable recovery goal. In addition, the USFWS should completely eliminate the population cap, as this is unnecessary, unscientific, and unethical. Under the MWRP, one of the recovery criteria is that the Mexican Gray Wolf population has a 90% probability of persistence over 100 years (USFWS 2017a). While this sounds like a viable goal, this would mean that the subspecies has a 10% probability of extinction. Under the criteria for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, a 10% probability of extinction over 100 years would qualify a species as Vulnerable (VU), which is defined as "facing a high risk of extinction in the wild" (IUCN 2012). If the Mexican Gray Wolf qualifies as VU under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species when it meets the "recovery" goals, then it is not truly recovered and is still at risk of extinction. The goal of any recovery plan should be to fully recover a species, not to place it into a less severe threatened category. The USFWS should revise this recovery criteria to better reflect what qualifies as a healthy population under the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species criteria. The purpose of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is stated as “to provide a program for the conservation of… endangered species” (Congress 1973), with the ESA defining an Endangered species as “any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range” (Congress 1973). The Mexican Gray Wolf is listed as Endangered under the ESA, and as such the USFWS is obligated to protect and recover the subspecies (Congress 1973; USFWS 2017a). The recently adopted MWRP may be a violation of the ESA since it would provide inadequate conservation actions for the Mexican Gray Wolf, and under a worst-case scenario, it could potentially result in the extinction of this Endangered subspecies. We ask that you please revise the MWRP so that it better reflects the science of what is necessary to recover the Mexican Gray Wolf. References: Carroll, C., R. Fredrickson, & R. C. Lacy. 2014. Developing metapopulation connectivity criteria from genetic and habitat data to recover the endangered Mexican wolf. Conservation Biology 28: 76 – 86. Heffelfinger, J. R., R. M. Nowak, & D. Paetkau. 2017. Clarifying historical range to aid recovery of the Mexican wolf. The Journal of Wildlife Management 81: 766 - 777. Hendricks, S. A., P. R. S. Clee, R. J. Harrigan, J. P. Pollinger, A. H. Freedman, R. Callas, P. J. Figura, & R. K. Wayne. 2016. Re-defining historical geographic range in species with parse records: implications for the Mexican wolf reintroduction program. Biological Conservation 194: 48 – 57. IUCN. (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Second Edition. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. Iv + 32pp. Lenk, H. 2017. Struggle for existence: Mexican gray wolves in the American Southwest. BS thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona. Leonard, J. A., C. Vila, & R. K. Wayne. 2005. Legacy lost: genetic variability and population size of extirpated US grey wolves (Canis lupus). Molecular Ecology 14: 9 – 17. NCEAS (National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis). 2014. Review of proposed rule regarding status of the wolf under the Endangered Species Act. University of California. US Congress. 1973. Endangered Species Act. 16 U.S.C. <http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/pdfs/laws/esa.pdf> USFWS (United States Fish and Wildlife Service). 2003. Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; final rule to reclassify and remove the gray wolf from the list of endangered and threatened wildlife in portions of the conterminous United States; establishment of two special regulations for threatened gray wolves. USFWS (United States Fish and Wildlife Service). 2017a. Mexican wolf recovery plan, first revision. USFWS (United States Fish and Wildlife Service). 2017b. Biological report for the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi). USFWS (United States Fish and Wildlife Service). 2017c. Comments on the draft biological report (May 1, 2017) for the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi). Wayne, R., & P. Hedrick. 2011. Genetics and wolf conservation in the American west: lessons and challenges. Heredity 107: 16 – 19.
Require the USDA and Merial to add wildlife to the label of RABORALV-RG Rabies Vaccine
I am requesting that the U.S.D.A require Merial Inc., whom makes and produces the rabies vaccine, RABORAL V-RG (License # 298) to list the wildlife animals, Skunk, Raccoon, Coyote, Fox and Bat, that the U.S. government has been giving this rabies vaccine to since 1990, on the label of the vaccine Imrab3 and also make it available to U.S. certified and licensed Veterinarians to also be able to administer the vaccine to these same animals and to be able to give these animals a certificate of rabies vaccination, as is done with all other vaccinated animals, so that these animals will be treated as fair as vaccinated cats, ferrets, horses, dogs etc. are, and given a quarantine time, the same as other animals listed, if they happen to nip/bite someone. Rabies is an infectious disease of warm-blooded animals, including man. The rabies virus is thought to have originated in bats. The virus survives only in living animals and does not exist in the environment. The virus does not infect birds or cold-blooded creatures such as reptiles and amphibians. Although small mammals, such as rabbits, squirrels and mice can be infected with rabies, these species are considered a low risk for transmitting the disease. Rabies is more likely to infect mammals such as dogs, mongooses, skunks, coyotes, raccoons or foxes. In all species, the saliva of infected animals contains live rabies virus particles, which can spread to a new host via bites or scratch wounds. Rabies can also be spread by aerosol (saliva droplets in the air) in caves inhabited by large numbers of infected bats. In the United States, humans are most often infected with the rabies virus by bats. Infected domestic animals, including cats, dogs, horses and cattle, can also transmit rabies to man. Protecting your pets from rabies via regular vaccination is important to reduce the potential of transmission of rabies to your pets and to humans. While extremely rare in the United States, human deaths are still caused by bites inflicted by unvaccinated rabid dogs in many countries. It is very important to seek post-exposure treatment immediately if ANY animal bites you, especially while traveling outside the United States. Post-exposure treatments for humans are no longer a series of abdominal injections and these treatments are very successful in preventing rabies if begun immediately following exposures. Travelers are often unaware that in certain countries the risk of rabies exposure, even from what seem to be pet dogs, can be very high. RABORAL V-RG is an oral rabies recombinant vaccine that protects raccoons and coyotes against rabies, thereby reducing the risk of exposure to rabies to humans and domestic animals. It is only sold to government agencies conducting rabies control programs. RABORAL V-RG immunizes the animal during the eating process. While they eats the bait, the vaccine is exposed to the tissues inside the animal's mouth and the vaccine causes an immune response against rabies.This vaccine is a highly specialized and safe vaccine because it has only one genetic element (i.e., gene) of the rabies virus (NOT the complete virus) so the vaccine will not cause rabies. After eating the vaccine, in approximately 10-14 days the raccoon or coyote will be protected against rabies, should it get exposed to a rabid animal. Each year in the United States, approximately 5 million doses of RABORAL V-RG are distributed into wildlife habitats by public health officials.The bait-units containing the vaccine are distributed by airplane, helicopter or by hand to reach the target species. The location and number of baits used depends on the severity of the outbreak and the specific public health official's goals for their rabies control efforts. Radio messages, TV announcements and posters are used in communities to alert citizens of upcoming baiting programs. As of today, November 3, 2017, the US government, will not allow Merial to sell this vaccine to licensed veterinarians to administer to these animals, even though the government has been using them, successfully, since 1990, on these animals. Merial will not add the animals names to the label either. The IMRAB3 vaccine is the intravenous version. Every year the federal government distributes ORV (oral rabies vaccine) across the US, by the thousands. They have concluded the cost benefits of the efforts showing that it does eliminate wildlife rabies, saves lives, and the taxpayers pays for this. They say that "To eliminate rabies in our county, like other countries have done, we need to prevent the disease in the wildlife. As a result of the ORV program, in 2004, the dog/coyote strain of the rabies disease has been eliminated in Texas. The World Health Organization declared the US free of canine rabies in 2007. This an similar success in Canada and several other European countries demonstrate that using ORV for wildlife can manage and eliminate rabies. ORV programs reduce Epizootic related pet and livestock vaccination, quarantine and euthanasia, Lessens the burden on state services (paid by taxpayers) for animal diagnostic testing, lessens livestock and wildlife losses. By combining the expertise of human health care providers, veterinarians & wildlife professionals rabies management can improve the health and well being of all species impacted by this disease. The partners for Rabies Prevention meeting held in August 2017 in Switzerland, brought together over 40 representatives from 27 organizations to discuss international efforts to support countries as they move forward to eliminate rabies. They have came up with a slogan 'Zero by 30' . They want to eliminate rabies worldwide by the year 2030. It CAN be done and this is just my way of helping, because as long as rabies is in the wildlife, we will not eradicate this disease. Making this Change happen will not only help save wildlife, but also domestic animals, people and it will help rehabbers and people that own exotics and wildlife. If we don't put these names on the label and make this vaccine available to vets, then I do not see us ever getting to the point of eradicating this disease. It will save taxpayers money, by letting the rehabbers and owners take the animals to their vet and getting the vaccine. It will save these animals lives if they bit someone, they wouldn't have to be killed and decapitated and will save money all around. Also, it just isn't fair to not have these animals names on the labels of the vaccine that the government is giving them, IT WORKS, let the vets buy it from the Merial, let the people buy it from the vets. The main reason that this is close to my heart is because of a skunk that I rescued at around 4 days old when the mother and siblings got killed by a tractor. I raised her on an eyedropper, got her descented, spayed and vaccinated with the IMRAB 3 rabies vaccine. That did not save her life when she supposedly nipped someone at the age of 6 months old. She was confiscated by the Fish and Wildlife and the Health Dept, took to a local vet, euthanized and decapitated. The person, a relative, that said they got nipped DID NOT EVEN GO TO THE DOCTOR. All they had to do was make a few phone calls to a few places. There was not any proof that my Pepe even bit her. No evidence even was shown for Pepe to be taken away because "That is the Law. She is a Skunk, even though she had the rabies vaccine that is given in the wild by the government, it is just like she has not had it because Skunk is not listed on the label... they have no rights." You can read her full story at PromisesForPepe on Facebook, Instagram, GoFundMe and .com Pepe was born on or about May 2, 2016 and was killed Nov. 2, 2016 The day that they came to take her away I promised her that I would not let her death be in vain. That is when I made this promise to her that I would do what I could to help her kind. I will never forget the health dept person bringing her headless body back to me, still warm, and I held her for 4 hours crying. I do not want any person and especially and animal to ever have to go through this again. It was uncalled for, barbaric, outdated. rabiesalliance.org raboral.com nasphv.org endrabiesnow.org usa.merial.com usda.gov aphis.usda.gov
Help Us Stop Horse Slaughter in America!!!
What Do You Think When You Hear The Word Horse Slaughter? Well for me, I think about animal cruelty, how horrible and unfair it is to be slaughtered. So please, Chip in and help me stop the Slaughter of Horses in the U.S The term “horse slaughter” refers exclusively to the killing and processing of horses for human consumption. They say that it is “euthanasia”, which is defined as a gentle, painless death provided in order to prevent suffering. Being slaughtered is the most horrible way of killing such a beautiful creature. What is going to happen if the horses become extinct, just think about it? What is the world going to be like? Did you know that over 150,000 million American horses have been trucked each year over the boarder to become human consumption. Horses bound for slaughter (who may include pregnant mares, foals and horses who are injured or blind) are commonly shipped for more than 24 hours at a time in crowded trucks without food, water or rest. That is so wrong. For all of those horse lovers out in the world, they are probably dying inside because they are reading stuff like horses being slaughtered for human consumption (HUMANS EATING HORSES). So if we don't stop this slaughter, then the horse species are going to become extinct in different parts of the world. Horses SHOULD NOT be made into food, they are very delicate creatures, they deserve to live. I don’t care if they are pregnant but the owner doesn’t want it, you shouldn’t pass it over to the doggers to slaughter them and make them into food for humans. So please can you help me stop the slaughter of horses, they need to live as much as we do. They deserve to live a happy life. So I am begging you to sign this petition and help make a difference to the world and Help save these amazing creatures!!!
Help Save Tigers Everywhere From The Brink
Originally there was 9 subspecies of tiger, now only 6 remain and they need your help! I love all kinds of cats and it breaks my heart to see them this way... Animals deserve love and respect, not to be used for our own gain. Tigers are good for the ecosystem. They play a pivotal role in the health of the ecosystem. Saving tigers will be good for us all. If they were to disappear, it'd be bad. The remaining tigers are all endangered and the cause of that is the tiger trade and environment decline. They use the bones of the tiger for wine, meat, tiger skins and other body parts.China, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, the United States and Great Britain are involved in tiger trade. One of the biggest markets for endangered tiger parts is in Japan where legislation bans trade in endangered species, but does not products not readily recognizable, such as wine, pills and powders. Something must be done!!Stop the tiger trade everywhere, help from deforestation in their environments and to help these tigers from the brink!
Give the Red Wolf a Scientific Recovery Plan!
We applaud the efforts that the USFWS and its partners have put into recovering the Red Wolf (Canis rufus). However, we have serious concerns over the recently proposed changes to the regulations of the Nonessential Experimental Population (NEP) of Red Wolves in North Carolina (hereon referred to as the “NEP regulations”). Listed below are our major worries: Under the proposed NEP regulations, the North Carolina NEP Management Area (NCNEPMA) would be reduced from the five counties it currently encompasses to federal lands in two county. The newly defined NCNEPMA would be able to sustain a population of only 15 Red Wolves, which is less than the current population size of the species in the wild (USFWS 2018a). This extremely small population size is unsustainable and puts the species at higher risk of extinction in the wild, as smaller populations are at greater risk of going extinct due to inbreeding and stochasticity. In addition, a previous attempt by the USFWS to restrict the land area of Red Wolves is one of the factors that resulted in the failure of the reintroduction project in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Hinton et al. 2013, Faust et al. 2016, USFWS 2018b). Instead of reducing the size of the NCNEPMA and decreasing the wild population of Red Wolves, the USFWS should either enlarge or maintain the current size of the NCNEPMA, work to increase the wild population of Red Wolves within the NCNEPMA, and reintroduce Red Wolves into other regions. Under the proposed NEP regulations, landowners would be allowed to legally take Red Wolves outside of the revised NCNEPMA (USFWS 2018a). Yet gunshot is the largest source of mortality for Red Wolves and remains a major threat to the survival of the species in the wild. Over the past decade, the wild population of Red Wolves has dropped from approximately 150 to less than 45, and could go extinct in as soon as eight years. In addition to reducing the wild population size, the legalization of take creates the risks that landowners will kill genetically valuable Red Wolves and that hybridization between Red Wolves and Coyotes (Canis latrans) will increase (Hinton et al. 2013, Faust et al. 2016, USFWS 2018b). Instead of legalizing the take of Red Wolves, the USFWS should put more effort into preventing the illegal take of Red Wolves and should work with private landowners to increase their tolerance of Red Wolves. If Red Wolves must be removed from private lands, then removal should be non-lethal and the Red Wolves should be relocated (or brought under human care if relocation is unfeasible). The purpose of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is stated as “to provide a program for the conservation of… endangered species” (Congress 1973), with the ESA defining an Endangered species as “any species which is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range” (Congress 1973). The Red Wolf is listed as Endangered under the ESA (USFWS 2018). In addition, the Red Wolf is evaluated as Critically Endangered (CR) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (Kelly, Beyer, and Phillips 2008), meaning that it faces “an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild” (IUCN 2012). As such the USFWS is obligated to protect and recover the species (Congress 1973). The proposed NEP regulations may be a violation of the ESA since they would provide inadequate conservation actions for the Red Wolf, and under a worst-case scenario, they could potentially result in the extinction of this Endangered species. We ask that you please revise the NEP regulations so that they better reflect the science of what is necessary to recover the Red Wolf. References: Faust, L.J., J.S. Simonis, R. Harrison, W. Waddell, & S. Long. 2016. Red Wolf (Canis rufus) Population Viability Analysis – Report to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago. Hinton, J.W., M.J. Chamberlain, & D.R. Rabon Jr. 2013. Red Wolf (Canis rufus) Recovery: a Review with Suggestions for Future Research. Animals 3(3): 722–744. IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Second Edition. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. Iv + 32pp. Kelly, B.T., A. Beyer, & M.K. Phillips, M.K. 2008. Canis rufus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org> US Congress. 1973. Endangered Species Act. 16 U.S.C. <http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/pdfs/laws/esa.pdf> USFWS. 2018a. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Replacement of the Regulations for the Nonessential Experimental Population of Red Wolves in Northeastern North Carolina. <https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2018/06/28/2018-13906/endangered-and-threatened-wildlife-and-plants-proposed-replacement-of-the-regulations-for-the> USFWS. 2018b. Red Wolf Species Status Assessment. <https://ecos.fws.gov/ServCat/DownloadFile/147196>