According to Chapter 261 of the Family Code (recodified in 1995), child abuse is an act or omission that endangers or impairs a child’s physical, mental or emotional health and development.
Neglect: A child's parent, guardian, or conservator is responsible for either directly providing safe and adequate food, clothing, shelter, protection, medical care, and supervision for the child, or arranging to have someone else provide these needs. Neglect, as defined by the Family Code, Chapter 261 on child abuse and neglect, is the failure to meet this responsibility. Neglect, like other forms of abuse, must involve "observable and material impairment" or "substantial risk" to the child, in order for the civil statute to apply. In addition, the Penal Code provides criminal sanctions against anyone who knowingly abandons or endangers a child.-- https://www.oag.state.tx.us/ag_publications/txts/childabuse1.shtml#neglect