“The Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty is a side agreement to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. It was created on 15 December 1989, and entered into force on 11 July 1991. As of September 2011, the Optional Protocol had 73 states parties. In addition, 3 states (Guinea-Bissau, Poland, and São Tomé and Príncipe) have signed, but not yet ratified the Protocol
The Optional Protocol commits its members to the abolition of the death penalty within their borders, though Article 2.1 allows parties to make a reservation allowing execution for grave crimes in times of war. Cyprus, Malta and Spain initially made such reservations, and subsequently withdrew them. Azerbaijan and Greece still retain this reservation on their implementation of the protocol, despite both having banned the death penalty in all circumstances“ … exerted from Wikipedia.
“The States Parties to the present Protocol,
Believing that abolition of the death penalty contributes to enhancement of human dignity and progressive development of human rights,
Recalling article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted on 10 December 1948, and article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, adopted on 16 December 1966,
Noting that article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights refers to abolition of the death penalty in terms that strongly suggest that abolition is desirable,
Convinced that all measures of abolition of the death penalty should be considered as progress in the enjoyment of the right to life,
Desirous to undertake hereby an international commitment to abolish the death penalty” … exerted from UN Convention.
Many lives have been lost to the death penalty over the years. And much sufferings have been endured by people, families and communities. However, most tragically, are lives of innocent people and sufferings of their families and communities. The abolition of the death penalty would contribute to the advancement of human dignity, development of human rights and the common good in addition to resources and or financial savings.