Queensland Premier Campbell Newman has announced he is ending the state's decades-long ban on uranium mining.
The State Government decision reverses the position Mr Newman's Liberal National Party took to the election in March.
Uranium has not been mined in Queensland since the closure of the Mary Kathleen mine in the state's north-west in 1982.
State Cabinet made the decision while meeting today in the southern border town of Goondiwindi.
The Queensland Resources Council says the state holds about $18 billion worth of known uranium reserves, mostly in the north-west.
Mr Newman says the decision to lift the ban was partially prompted by Prime Minister Julia Gillard's recent support for uranium sales to India.
"With the Prime Minister's statement about uranium exports to India, there is no earthly reason why Queenslanders should miss out on the economic opportunities and the jobs from uranium mining in this state," he said.
He says the resumption of mining will be overseen by a