Citizenship for All US Intercountry Adoptees
  • Petitioned United States Congress

This petition was delivered to:

United States Congress
Congressional Coalition on Adoption

Citizenship for All US Intercountry Adoptees

    1. Korean Focus Metro DC
    2. Petition by

      Korean Focus Metro DC

      Alexandria, VA

Thank you for supporting the petition for CITIZENSHIP FOR ALL US INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTEES. Korean Focus urges you to also sign the petition to STOP THE DEPORTATION OF RUSSELL GREEN AND OTHER ADOPTEE IMMIGRANTS.


"The Child Citizenship Act of 2000 allows certain foreign-born, biological and adopted children of American citizens to acquire American citizenship automatically. These children did not acquire American citizenship at birth, but they are granted citizenship when they enter the United States as lawful permanent residents (LPRs)." U.S. Department of State

One of the requirements of the Child Citizenship Act of 2000 (CCA 2000) was that the adoptee be under the age of 18 on its effective date, February 27, 2001. International adoptees 18 and older were not granted citizenship under its provisions. Some, but not all, obtained citizenship through their own efforts or those of their adoptive parents. Of those who did not, many were unaware that they lacked this legal protection. Being without citizenship while believing they possessed it placed these intercountry adoptees at risk of violating U.S Federal law through no fault of their own by representing themselves as citizens upon return to the United States at any port of entry (including Canada and Mexico), applying for public benefits (including Federal education aid), or voting in Federal or other elections.

Further, strict immigration policies under the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 increased the risk of deportation. This law does not provide for “discretionary relief,” which would allow the unique circumstances that led to an adoptee's lack of citizenship to be taken into consideration in determining outcomes. Adoptees have faced deportation and have been deported to countries in Asia, Latin America and Europe - countries unknown to them in every way: language, culture, family or friends. Additionally, adoptees without citizenship who travel to their countries of birth may be subject to laws there that prevent their return to the United States.

Reliable statistics for adoptee deportation do not exist, but individual cases demonstrate the complexity of the issue and the staggering emotional impact to adoptees and their families, as demonstrated by these examples, which are just a few of the cases that have occurred:

Joao Herbert was adopted from Brazil at the age of eight by a family in Ohio. A charge for attempting to sell marijuana, although a first offense, landed him in immigration detention, after which he was deported to Brazil in 2000. Joao Herbert was murdered in Brazil in May 2004.

Korean adoptee Matthew Scherer learned he lacked citizenship when he applied for a U.S. passport. He subsequently obtained permanent resident status, but upon traveling to Korea was identified by the Korean government by his original Korean name and now is blocked by Korean law from returning to the U.S. and threatened with conscription into the Korean army.

Jennifer Haynes was adopted at eight from India and sexually abused by her adoptive father, after which she passed through 50 foster homes on her way to adulthood. Married to a U.S. citizen and mother of two young children, Haynes was nonetheless deported to India in 2008.

Adopted as a toddler from Thailand in 1979 by a family in Florida, John Gaul completed a sentence for theft and check fraud in 1996 after the new immigration law went into effect. A judge was prevented under the new law from acknowledging adoption as an extenuating circumstance, and he was deported to Thailand in 1999.

Tatiana Mitrohina was born in Russia in 1978 with physical deformities that led to her adoption at fourteen to California. She suffered from childhood-related PTSD and postpartum depression. Following a charge of abuse of her son, the court recommended counseling and medication, but Immigration and Customs Enforcement have detained her in preparation for deportation.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child states in Article 21(c):

"States Parties that recognize and/or permit the system of adoption shall ensure that the best interests of the child shall be the paramount consideration and they shall: 

(c) Ensure that the child concerned by inter-country adoption enjoys safeguards and standards equivalent to those existing in the case of national adoption;"

The legal protection of citizenship in the country to which an adoptee was brought and in which he or she was raised is the most important such safeguard, as it is the only safeguard that provides lifelong legal status. It should be enjoyed by all intercountry adoptees, just as it is enjoyed by adoptees born as U.S. citizens and adopted within the United States.

We the undersigned therefore demand that the United States Congress:

1. Take appropriate action to immediately grant U.S. citizenship to all intercountry adoptees not included the provisions of existing laws. 

2. Following the granting of citizenship, direct appropriate U.S. government agencies to: 

a) Assist intercountry adoptees with obtaining proof of citizenship. 

b) Provide intercountry adoptees traveling overseas with the permits required to allow their reentry into the United States. 

c) Return all deported intercountry adoptees to the United States, regardless of the cause of deportation.

We look to the co-chairs (Senator Mary Landrieu, Senator James M. Inhofe, Congresswoman Michele Bachmann, Congresswoman Karen Bass) and members of the Congressional Coalition on Adoption, who promote adoption in the United States and therefore bear a particular responsibility to ensure that U.S. adoption laws protect their primary constituency, to lead the effort to correct the denial of this important safeguard.

Recent signatures


    1. Petition for Citizenship for All Intercountry Adoptees Reopened

      Korean Focus Metro DC
      Petition Organizer

      Thank you for your support for citizenship for all intercountry adoptees. Since the petition sponsored by Korean Focus last fall reached its goal of 1500 signatures, a lot has been going on in the intercountry adoption community. To keep the issue on the radar screen with our friends, so they in turn can find more supporters, Korean Focus has reopened the petition with a goal of achieving 5000 signatures by December 31, 2012. Please help us reach this goal by sharing this information with your friends, family and organizations.

      Thank you!

      Korean Focus Metro DC

    2. Citizenship for All Intercountry Adoptees Petition Reached 1500 Signatures

      Korean Focus Metro DC
      Petition Organizer

      Dear Supporters,

      With your help, the petition for Citizenship for All Intercountry Adoptees has reached its goal of 1500 signatures. Thank you for signing, for commenting and for sharing information about the petition with your friends and families!

      Korean Focus will now send this petition to the members of the Congressional Coalition on Adoption, legislators who promote adoption in the U.S. House and Senate. While we are working on this, we ask your continued support to stop the deportation of Russell Green, an adoptee from Korea. Russell's story is highlighted in the petition to stop his deportation:

      Korean Focus will post updates on the progress of our submission to the CCA on our website linked below. We welcome your ideas for raising awareness about adoptee citizenship, which you can send from the website.

      Thank you again for you support.


      Korean Focus Metro DC

    3. Reached 1,500 signatures


    Reasons for signing

    • Melissa Tonkinson SALEM, OH
      • almost 2 years ago

      I am the adoptive mom to five all from other countries. I have done my paperwork but always have feared I could have missed something. How horrible to be adopted by loving parents only to make you feel like an outsider.

    • Claudia Nolles FORT WORTH, TX
      • almost 2 years ago

      I'm the aunt of David Drouin who is in custody at the moment and may be facing deportation. David Drouin was adopted by an American Citizen, Albert Drouin at the age of five. David entered the U.S legally in 1986 with his mother , Maria Drouin and and her husband Albert Drouin. David has no memories of life in Brazil his country of birth. He does not speak the language and is not familiar with the culture for as stated before he was ONLY FIVE when he was adopted and entered the U.S. It is just plain an injustice to deport any adoptee regardless of age of adoption, and it is simply an cruel to deport an adoptee who was adopted and BROUGHT to the U.S at such a young age.

    • Judy Reid ALEXANDRIA, OH
      • almost 2 years ago

      I know adopted children who could have fallen into this catagory and it would have been devasting to their future.

      • almost 2 years ago


    • Tessa Scott NEW YORK, NY
      • almost 2 years ago

      This is the right thing to do.

      Being adopted into this country was supposed to give them love, stability, and a new family. They shouldn't have to worry about being stripped again from everything familiar 20 or 30 years later, to another country they've never known, in a language they don't speak.

      This could have easily been me, except my adoptive parents eventually had me naturalized. Naturalization should have been automatic for all of us. Families should not be separated again. If a crime was committed, try them for the crime, don't deport them and separate them again. US citizens have rights. Being adopted into this country, they should have those rights too, automatically. Just like the rest of their family.


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